Pronouns <ul><li>Pronouns are words that substitute the nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Every pronoun must have a clear anteceden...
Pronouns <ul><li>Kinds of pronouns:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrative pron...
Personal Pronouns                     its it it her  hers her she their, theirs them they his him he 3 rd  person your, yo...
Personal Pronouns <ul><li>She  met Paul. ( She  is the sentence subject, thus subjective form.) </li></ul><ul><li>Paul met...
Demonstrative Pronouns <ul><li>Hand me  that  hammer. ( that  describes the noun  hammer) </li></ul><ul><li>Give me this p...
Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns :  the &quot;self&quot; pronouns  <ul><li>These pronouns can be used only to reflect or int...
Indefinite Pronouns Singular:  Somebody  is coming to dinner. Neither  of us believes a word Harry says.                  ...
Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Plural </li></ul>Both  are expected at the airport at the same time. Several  have suggested c...
Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Singular with non-countables / Plural with countables : </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul...
Interrogative Pronouns <ul><li>Interrogative pronouns produce information questions that require more than a “yes” or “no”...
Relative Pronouns <ul><li>Relative pronouns introduce relative (adjectival) clauses. </li></ul>
Relative Pronouns <ul><li>Note: Use  who, whom,  and  whose  to refer to people.  </li></ul><ul><li>Use  that  and  which ...
Pronouns Exercises <ul><li>http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/pronomen.htm </li></ul>
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Class 1 Pronouns Iza May 16 2009

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Class 1 Pronouns Iza May 16 2009

  1. 1. Pronouns <ul><li>Pronouns are words that substitute the nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Every pronoun must have a clear antecedent (the word for which the pronoun stands). </li></ul>
  2. 2. Pronouns <ul><li>Kinds of pronouns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrative pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns : the &quot;self&quot; pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indefinite Pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singular </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interrogative Pronouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative Pronouns </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Pronouns                     its it it her hers her she their, theirs them they his him he 3 rd person your, yours you you your, yours you you 2 nd person our, ours us we my, mine me I 1 st person possessive objective subjective possessive objective subjective   PLURAL SINGULAR              
  4. 4. Personal Pronouns <ul><li>She met Paul. ( She is the sentence subject, thus subjective form.) </li></ul><ul><li>Paul met her . ( Her is the sentence direct object, thus objective form.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Demonstrative Pronouns <ul><li>Hand me that hammer. ( that describes the noun hammer) </li></ul><ul><li>Give me this pen. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns : the &quot;self&quot; pronouns <ul><li>These pronouns can be used only to reflect or intensify a word already there.      </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive / intensive pronouns CANNOT REPLACE personal pronouns.                    </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I saw myself in the mirror. ( Myself is a reflexive pronoun, reflecting the pronoun I . )                 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ll do it myself . ( Myself is an intensive pronoun, intensifying the pronoun I . ) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Indefinite Pronouns Singular: Somebody is coming to dinner. Neither of us believes a word Harry says.                    everything nothing anything something (n)either everybody nobody anybody somebody each everyone no one anyone someone one
  8. 8. Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Plural </li></ul>Both are expected at the airport at the same time. Several have suggested canceling the meeting.
  9. 9. Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Singular with non-countables / Plural with countables : </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the dirt has become a permanent part of the rug. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the trees have been weakened by the storm. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indefinite pronouns use apostrophes to indicate possessive case. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The accident is nobody’s fault. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will the roadwork affect one's daily commute? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some indefinite pronouns may also be used as determiners. </li></ul><ul><li>one, each, either, neither, some, any, one, all, both, few, several, many, most </li></ul><ul><li>Note the differences : </li></ul><ul><li>Each person has a chance. </li></ul><ul><li>( Each is a determiner describing person. ) </li></ul><ul><li>Each has a chance. </li></ul><ul><li>( Each is an indefinite pronoun replacing a noun.) </li></ul><ul><li>Both lawyers pled their cases well. </li></ul><ul><li>( Both is a determiner describing lawyers .) </li></ul><ul><li>Both were in the room. </li></ul><ul><li>( Both is an indefinite pronoun replacing a noun.) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Interrogative Pronouns <ul><li>Interrogative pronouns produce information questions that require more than a “yes” or “no” answer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you want? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is there? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Relative Pronouns <ul><li>Relative pronouns introduce relative (adjectival) clauses. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Relative Pronouns <ul><li>Note: Use who, whom, and whose to refer to people. </li></ul><ul><li>Use that and which to refer to things. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Pronouns Exercises <ul><li>http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/pronomen.htm </li></ul>

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