OSGeo.nl-The Dutch LanguageChapter of OSGeoJust van den BroeckeOSGeo Ghent 2013June 13, 2013www.justobjects.nlwww.osgeo.nl
About MeIndependent Open Source Geospatial ProfessionalSecretary OSGeo Dutch Local ChapterMember of the Dutch OpenGeoGroep...
1. Open Source2. OSGeo.org3. OSGeo.nlAgendaOur main topic for today will be OSGeo.nl.
What isOpen Source?What is Open Source (for Geospatial)?I will first share some of my views on Open Source for Geospatial, ...
Source CodeIs(Almost) IrrelevantWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Huh ? We’re at an Open Source conference and you’re s...
CASCADOSS:Model of Berlecon Research (2002)Software Value-ChainFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenwww.berlecon.de/studien/do...
SoftwareValue ChainFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of m...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopmentFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment DocumentationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking ...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value....
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsultingFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step a...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting IntegrationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuve...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegrationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportFrom: CASCADOSS ...
SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManag...
Model 2: Support SellerDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationM...
Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuven?
Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenSupport Packages:SLAsFixed Price SupportSubscription“Standardized ...
Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenCould be also a third-party, i.e. not the company that is the crea...
Model 3: Platform ProviderDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicati...
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 3: Platform Provider?
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenLicense Feeusually combined withSupport SellerModel 3: Platform Provider“Usually a licens...
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 3: Platform ProviderWe see the familiar Red Hat bundling Linuxes, but more and more...
Model 4: ConsultingDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManag...
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 4: Consulting?
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenConsulting Services (p/hour)Fixed Price Custom DevelopmentModel 4: Consulting“Services ar...
From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 4: ConsultingMany of you. Also means competition. This is good for customers. But y...
Open .... Geospatial===Four ThingsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Back to the Three Pillars and the Four Things. Ok, ...
OpenDataWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?1When we are building SDIs, albeit open or closed, we need data, raster, vect...
OpenDataOpenStandardsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?2Secondly, no Open Source yet, Open Standards. Most, if not all ...
OpenDataOpenStandardsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?OpenSource3O yes, and thirdly we need Open Source software as we...
OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsOpenProcessesWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4The fourth aspect is what one could call...
OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsOpenCommunitiesWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4“Open Processes” should better be call...
OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsPeopleWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4Eventually all this Open Source/Data/Standards ...
“Proprietary SoftwareKeeps UsersHelpless and Divided”What is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Richard M. StallmanINTERVIEW Ric...
OpenSource/Data/StandardsEmpowers and UnitesPeopleWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Though I fully agree with RMS-state...
Example:Let’s Git to theHub-GitHub1. What is Open Source for Geospatial?GitHub is just one of the many platforms “In The C...
Open SourceGeospatialEcosystemsThis new way of collaboration on a global scale is what I find one of the fascinating aspect...
Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesWikipedia: “An ecosystem is a community of living organisms...
Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemI...
http://geotux.tuxfamily.org/index.php/en/geo-blogs/item/291-comparacion-clientes-web-v6When we zoom in we would find sub-ec...
Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemO...
www.opengeospatial.orgThe first place to look for geospatial standards is the Open Geospatial Consortium or OGC. http://www...
Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemO...
OSM is also an entire software and service ecosystem (built with Open Source) to manage all aspectsof geodata management v...
Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemO...
Open Source Geospatial Foundationwww.osgeo.orgYour Open Source Compass...organizes geospatial ITSo what is OSGeo?
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN PresFrom the Live DVD presentation by Cameron Shorter https://svn.osgeo.org/o...
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN PresThis image is somewhat outdated: off course Geomajas has now been graduat...
http://2013.foss4g.org
From: http://www.slideshare.net/justb4/osgeonl-introductie-geo-freedom-day
OSGeoBolsena -Codesprint
From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
Mission“Stimuleren van het gebruiken de ontwikkeling van opensource software voor geo-informatie in hetNederlandse Taalgeb...
Slogan“Wegwijs in Open Geo-ICT”Like OSGeo.org we aim to be a compass, “wegwijzer”, within the land of Dutch-language Geo-I...
.nl = ISO Language Codehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ISO_639-1_codes
We Have More Common Interests
Voor Wie?Iedereen die “iets” metOpen Geo-ICTdoetwil doenof interesse heeft(en dit kan lezen)Uiteraard voor iedereen, we wi...
Voor Wie?DevelopersUsersStudentsUiteraard voor iedereen, we willen vooral niet een club ontwikkelaars worden, of een clubg...
ActivitiesEvents: OSGeo.nl Dag, GWFLocal initiatives “Stammtish”Space for SIGsDo-ocracy !
www.meetup.com/OSGeoNL/Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012
68CoachThe DreamTeamKeynoteTechnical Business & ApplicationOSGeo Open Source Seminar - Geospatial World Forum - 25 April 2...
69Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
70Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
72Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012But my role here today is as I call it trailblazer for OSGeo.nl the Dutch Chapter...
Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012But my role here today is as I call it trailblazer for OSGeo.nl the Dutch Chapter...
OSGeo.nl Stats op 100613• 111 subscribers op [Dutch] mailinglijst• 90 leden ingeschreven op OSGeo.org Wiki• 47 IRCs gehoud...
Meedoen?Opgeven via www.osgeo.nl- registreer op OSGeo.org Wiki- voeg je naam toe aan “Dutch” leden- registreer op [Dutch] ...
For Discussion- what would you like to see from OSGeo.nl?- would you like an active role?- would you like to present at OS...
Concluding
Open .... Geospatial===Four ThingsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Bakc to the Three Pillars and the Four Things. Ok, ...
1. Open Data2. Open Standards3. Open Source4. Open Communities
Open SourceGeospatialEcosystemsOSGeo - OGC - OSM
Doe Mee !
ThankYou!
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo
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Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo

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Talk at OSGeo Ghent, June 13 2013. URL: http://www.geomajas.org/osgeogent2013

Abstract (from http://www.geomajas.org/osgeogent2013#eersteblok) : This talk will introduce the key players in the Open Source Geospatial arena, in particular "OSGeo", the Open Source Geospatial Foundation. OSGeo is a non-profit organization with a mission to support the collaborative development of open source geospatial software, and promote its widespread use. Local OSGeo divisions, called "Local Chapters", play an important part in OSGeo. The Dutch Language Local Chapter, OSGeo.nl ("nl" is the ISO language code for Dutch language), has been very active in the past 1.5 year and has recently become an official foundation ("Stichting"). The mission and activitiesof OSGeo.nl and its collaboration with the Dutch OpenStreetMap community will be introduced. We hope to reach out and engage participants of this day in joining OSGeo.nl!

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Introducing OSGeo.nl - The Dutch Language Local Chapter of OSGeo

  1. 1. OSGeo.nl-The Dutch LanguageChapter of OSGeoJust van den BroeckeOSGeo Ghent 2013June 13, 2013www.justobjects.nlwww.osgeo.nl
  2. 2. About MeIndependent Open Source Geospatial ProfessionalSecretary OSGeo Dutch Local ChapterMember of the Dutch OpenGeoGroepJust van den Broeckejust@justobjects.nlwww.justobjects.nlToday I am mainly here as former trailblazer and now secretary (secretaris) of the OSGeo.nl,the Dutch Language Local Chapter of the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo).
  3. 3. 1. Open Source2. OSGeo.org3. OSGeo.nlAgendaOur main topic for today will be OSGeo.nl.
  4. 4. What isOpen Source?What is Open Source (for Geospatial)?I will first share some of my views on Open Source for Geospatial, as “spatial seems special” whenlooking at some core requirements and architectures in the spatial domain. In many other aspects“Spatial IT” is like regular IT.
  5. 5. Source CodeIs(Almost) IrrelevantWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Huh ? We’re at an Open Source conference and you’re stating this? Hopefully got your attention. Letme explain this further. Many people, especially those from outside the software industry, look atsoftware like crown jewels, the most valuable asset, that needs to be guarded and sold in as largequantities as possible. Selling licenses would be the (only) road to richness. Giving software awayfor free seems plain stupid. While this holds true for some very large companies like MS and somelone IOS-app-builders, there is more to the picture. Like the great Paul Ramsey (OpenGeo/PostGIS)said in his 2009 FOSS4G Sydney keynote: The Whole Product is what counts. Most of the money isearned, both in proprietary and open source, by adding value to the bare software. After talking alittle bit about earning money (if time permits), I will show you my view on what “Open Geospatial”is about. Also there the actual software is just one of the (three) enabling pillars of a greater good...
  6. 6. CASCADOSS:Model of Berlecon Research (2002)Software Value-ChainFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenwww.berlecon.de/studien/downloads/200207FLOSS_Basics.pdfThe SVC was taken from an earlier study from Berlecon als available on the net. But I will lead youthrough the essentials.
  7. 7. SoftwareValue ChainFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  8. 8. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopmentFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  9. 9. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment DocumentationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  10. 10. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  11. 11. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  12. 12. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsultingFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  13. 13. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting IntegrationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  14. 14. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegrationFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  15. 15. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  16. 16. SoftwareValue ChainDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManagementFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenEach step adds value. Note: I am not talking about value in terms of money, just value, for examplefor a customer.“The steps in this value-chain are:-Software development: analysis, design, programming and testing of the software.-Documentation: writing documentation (API documentation, Reference Manual, User Guides, Tutorials, Howtos, FAQs, ...)-Software packaging: creating a user-friendly package of the software; bundling the software with other packages.-Marketing/sales: marketing the software, closing sales, promoting wide-spread adoption, distribution.-Consulting: providing consultancy with respect to the software.-Integration/custom development: Integrating the software in the clients systems,customizing it for user-specific needs-Training: training in the use or customization of the software-Support: end-user support (telephone, e-mail), installation and update support, bug fixing-Application management: operational management of the clients applications based on the software.”This chain is really no different than a value-chain for proprietary software. “Revenue-generatingactivities in the value chain such as training, support and consultancy remain unaffected.” No business model yethere. Business models/tactics are basically one or more slices where you want to intercept in thischain. Let’s look at a few of them.
  17. 17. Model 2: Support SellerDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManagementFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuven“In this model the company that creates a F/OSS product offers support services to users of the product. The model is basedon the premiss that the creators of a software are the best suited to provide support because they are the creators.”
  18. 18. Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuven?
  19. 19. Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenSupport Packages:SLAsFixed Price SupportSubscription“Standardized support packages are offered as an SLA or support subscription for a fixed price on a (typically) yearly basis.This last model is the most important”
  20. 20. Model 2: Support SellerFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenCould be also a third-party, i.e. not the company that is the creator of the FOSS product.
  21. 21. Model 3: Platform ProviderDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManagementFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuven“The company bundles several F/OSS products into a complete solution or platform. The companyprovides quality-assurances that the selected products work together. ...This model is usually combinedwith the (Third-Party) Support Seller Model. First, because it is far easier to support and bug-fix acomplete solution (platform) as it implies greater control over the operating environment. Secondly, thevalue proposition is enhanced for the customer if he can source the platform and related supportservices for the same supplier.”
  22. 22. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 3: Platform Provider?
  23. 23. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenLicense Feeusually combined withSupport SellerModel 3: Platform Provider“Usually a license fee. However, the business model is mostly combined with a support seller model. In that case, the license fee willcover access to support services together with the bundled product.”
  24. 24. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 3: Platform ProviderWe see the familiar Red Hat bundling Linuxes, but more and more platform providers in the opensoruce geospatial arena.
  25. 25. Model 4: ConsultingDevelopment PackagingDocumentationMarketing/SalesConsulting TrainingIntegration SupportApplicationManagementFrom: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuven“The company provides consulting and customization services with respect to a range of F/OSS products. This model is certainly the most widely adopted model.”
  26. 26. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 4: Consulting?
  27. 27. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenConsulting Services (p/hour)Fixed Price Custom DevelopmentModel 4: Consulting“Services are usually sold on a time & means basis. Custom developments are often contracted on a fixed price basis.”
  28. 28. From: CASCADOSS Del. 1.5 KULeuvenModel 4: ConsultingMany of you. Also means competition. This is good for customers. But you may also want to thinkto get into one of the other models that may be more niche like the SAAS/PAAS (hosted solutions)where geospatial services built on FOSS are provided In The Cloud (not treated here)...So from a business perspective I hope you have seen that it is not just about the bare software.
  29. 29. Open .... Geospatial===Four ThingsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Back to the Three Pillars and the Four Things. Ok, but what, let’s count.
  30. 30. OpenDataWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?1When we are building SDIs, albeit open or closed, we need data, raster, vector, lots of it. Withoutdata we usually can’t do much in a geospatial application. Think of background basemaps (yes,maps are also data!) to start with. Open Data means different things to different people. Some datafor example is “less than open”. Take Google Maps. Read the GM TOU. But we are in prosperoustimes w.r.t. Open data: more and more governments open up (PDOK in the Netherlands e.g.),OpenStreetMap is blossoming and within the EU the INSPIRE legislation opens up many silo’s. Checkout the presentation by Arnulf Christl on “Open Data in the Geospatial Context:” http://metaspatial.net/conferences/gwf2013_opendata.html#/ . How are you in Belgium doing with opendata? It is good to see that today we have several talks on Open Data today , like “The current statusof Open Data in Flanders” by Pieter Colpaert and the next speaker(s) introducing (the value and funof) OpenStreetMap. So in the beginning was the Open Data!
  31. 31. OpenDataOpenStandardsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?2Secondly, no Open Source yet, Open Standards. Most, if not all SDI’s are distributed, interconnectedsystems. So we need even more standards than other IT-domains. Open Standards for example, fornetwork protocols and data formats to exchange raster, vector information and metadata. While weneed lots of Open Data we would rather not have too many Open Standards, just a few good ones.What are “good standards” ? A whole subject by itself. Also we are lucky with some commonlyestablished geo-standards, maybe they are not optimal (WFS!GML!), but there are not so many tochoose from: raster images via WMS, vector via WFS, metadata via CSW, coverages via WCS,geoprocessing via WPS. WIth WMS and WFS the most abundant.
  32. 32. OpenDataOpenStandardsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?OpenSource3O yes, and thirdly we need Open Source software as well. With Open Source meaning that the sourcecode is available under an Open Source license. Many options here: from GNU GPL to Public Domain.So we have a nucleus of three aspects that in my view are the relevant pillars for “Open Geospatial”.So what would be the fourth?
  33. 33. OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsOpenProcessesWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4The fourth aspect is what one could call “Open Processes”. These define the activities and rules forpeople to build, extend and use the nucleus.Without these Open Processes the first three elements would be just “dead matter”.
  34. 34. OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsOpenCommunitiesWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4“Open Processes” should better be called “Open Communities”. In the end it is all about people,ranging from developers to end-users, working together.This collaboration is usually very distributed in these communities, more and more enabled by TheCloud (should mention The Cloud at least once in any talk).One can view Open Communities as concentric circles around the nucleus: anyone can make acontribution and anyone can decide on his/her amount of involvement.Note that these communities are not just about developers! The most successful Open Sourceprojects have vibrant communities of both (end)-users and developers. In reality there are manymore roles and the distinction between user and developer is not even important. An end-user mayfor example contribute to a native translation in her language of messages emitted by the softwareor the documentation, a designer may create a nice logo: hence “contributors” would be a betternotion.
  35. 35. OpenSourceOpenDataOpenStandardsPeopleWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?4Eventually all this Open Source/Data/Standards is an enabler for people working together! Peoplemay have different motivations to contribute: even large companies like Intergraph may contributeto let’s say GDAL for specific drivers. Software is basically encoded human knowledge. I always find“My Software” a strange notion, as one usually makes a small addition to a huge pyramid ofknowledge from the commons. I mean from the OS you are running, up to libraries, algorithms andwidgets you are using or copying, they all have been invented/reviewed/refined through decades ofhuman activity. I like the FOSS phrase: “I am (merely) standing on the shoulders of giants”. Closingthe whole pyramid off and saying “this is mine” seems from that perspective awkward. It is also apersonal choice that I rather live in a world of sharing and giving. (Plus you meet nice people too!).“Mixed Source” gives me mixed feelings.
  36. 36. “Proprietary SoftwareKeeps UsersHelpless and Divided”What is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Richard M. StallmanINTERVIEW Richard Matthew Stallman (RMS) on the importance of free software: http://www.techradar.com/news/software/proprietary-software-keeps-users-helpless-963248 (and many other refs on the web). The term Open Source came alongmuch later (end 90s), not all, like RMS, were happy with that term as it dilutes the case for Free Software/GNU GPL. Hencesome people talk about FOSS i.s.o. Open Source.
  37. 37. OpenSource/Data/StandardsEmpowers and UnitesPeopleWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Though I fully agree with RMS-statement, I often like to reverse RMS’s statement.
  38. 38. Example:Let’s Git to theHub-GitHub1. What is Open Source for Geospatial?GitHub is just one of the many platforms “In The Cloud” where people, both users and developers,work together on Open Source in a transparent environment. Many of the managerial tasks, likereporting, have been automated such that the focus can be on the actual products. Sorry for yourmanagers! These days GitHub resembles almost a social medium like Facebook. “Social Coding”.Wiki’s and other collaboration platforms are abundant. Sending Word and Excel documents andcode via email has become something we did in the dark ages....
  39. 39. Open SourceGeospatialEcosystemsThis new way of collaboration on a global scale is what I find one of the fascinating aspects of opensource. Lets get back into the open geospatial world and see how it is actually organized,introducing some of the major organizational players.
  40. 40. Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesWikipedia: “An ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of theirenvironment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system.[2]. “. Usually natural ecosystems are taken as a model for forms ofsustainability. Like for example aquatic ecosystems. There’s a tension between chaos and an equilibrium like entropy and energy. Sustainabilitysort of comes natural with FOSS: software is created as needed by users or developers (itches) i.s.o. a marketing strategy (apps!!). It is harder toproduce excess. “Sustainable FOSS projects” is another matter, often still problematic, but with the Cloud as enabler we find more and moreopportunities like crowd funding.
  41. 41. Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemI like this idea of ecosystems in Open Source: Users, Developers, Software tied together to producelong-term ever-increasing value that is greater than the sum of individuals and softwarecomponents. Within FOSS4G the notion of Open Standards, Open Data and Crowd Sourcing alsotends to make these components even better integrated. OGC standards also raise competition inperformance/quality/features for similar products. Think of WMS shootouts...Also there is a strong tendency here to build on each other’s work, “standing on the shoulders ofgiants”. Client and server projects “working towards each other” where standards are vague (SRS/CRS encoding, Axis Ordering!!). In practice many projects build on core geospatial libraries such asGDAL/OGR and GeoTools.
  42. 42. http://geotux.tuxfamily.org/index.php/en/geo-blogs/item/291-comparacion-clientes-web-v6When we zoom in we would find sub-ecosystems. This example shows the major geospatial web-mapping clients and their interrelations.And just as in a real world eco-system: species arise, dominate for some time and die off. Look howmany build on OpenLayers. Watch the now Leaflet island in the next years....But given our limitedtimeframe I would like to stick to some of the major inhabitants of our global ecosystem, that is 3major organizations.
  43. 43. Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemOpenStandardsWhen looking at Open Standards for Geospatial, the OGC, OpenGeoSpatial Consortium is the mainone to go to.
  44. 44. www.opengeospatial.orgThe first place to look for geospatial standards is the Open Geospatial Consortium or OGC. http://www.opengeospatial.org/
  45. 45. Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemOpenStandardsOpenDataOpen Data: the OpenStreetMap or OSM can be somewhat compared to Wikipedia, in the sense thatusers are jointly gathering geodata via crowdsourcing to build a map of the entire world. But inessence OSM is about the data itself as a map is just a specific rendering of the data. Think of otherapps like routing and geocoding. Other open data sources are more and more governments like viaPDOK www.pdok.nl in the Netherlands making their geodata available via webservices (WMS/WFS) ordownloads. Within the EU the INSPIRE initiative is a great driver for this movement. How is yourcountry doing?
  46. 46. OSM is also an entire software and service ecosystem (built with Open Source) to manage all aspectsof geodata management via The Cloud. From gathering, editing and mapmaking to map-bugtracking. Using the OSM software stack one could even build an SDI. You will be hearing moreabout OSM in the next talk
  47. 47. Lake ecosystem: Source: Georgia Department of Natural ResourcesUsers DevelopersOpenProcessesThe Open Geospatial EcosystemOpenStandardsOpenDataOpenSourceLast but not in the very least, when it comes to Open Source for Geospatial, the Open SourceGeospatial Foundation, or OSGeo, is your one-stop shop.OSGeo software tends to use many of the OGC standards (e.g. WMS, WFS, CSW). Much of OSMsoftware made with OSGeo products (e.g. GDA/OGR, PostGIS etc).
  48. 48. Open Source Geospatial Foundationwww.osgeo.orgYour Open Source Compass...organizes geospatial ITSo what is OSGeo?
  49. 49. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN PresFrom the Live DVD presentation by Cameron Shorter https://svn.osgeo.org/osgeo/livedvd/promo/trunk/en/presentation/
  50. 50. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
  51. 51. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
  52. 52. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
  53. 53. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN PresThis image is somewhat outdated: off course Geomajas has now been graduated.
  54. 54. http://2013.foss4g.org
  55. 55. From: http://www.slideshare.net/justb4/osgeonl-introductie-geo-freedom-day
  56. 56. OSGeoBolsena -Codesprint
  57. 57. From: http://arnulf.us/Publications#2011 GIN Pres
  58. 58. Mission“Stimuleren van het gebruiken de ontwikkeling van opensource software voor geo-informatie in hetNederlandse Taalgebied”
  59. 59. Slogan“Wegwijs in Open Geo-ICT”Like OSGeo.org we aim to be a compass, “wegwijzer”, within the land of Dutch-language Geo-ICT.
  60. 60. .nl = ISO Language Codehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ISO_639-1_codes
  61. 61. We Have More Common Interests
  62. 62. Voor Wie?Iedereen die “iets” metOpen Geo-ICTdoetwil doenof interesse heeft(en dit kan lezen)Uiteraard voor iedereen, we willen vooral niet een club ontwikkelaars worden, of een clubgebruikers. We willen er juist zijn voor een zo breed mogelijke schakering van mensen uit grofweg3 groepen: Users (end-users, integrators), Developers, Students (Universiteiten, (Hoge)scholen).
  63. 63. Voor Wie?DevelopersUsersStudentsUiteraard voor iedereen, we willen vooral niet een club ontwikkelaars worden, of een clubgebruikers. We willen er juist zijn voor een zo breed mogelijke schakering van mensen uit grofweg3 groepen: Users (end-users, integrators), Developers, Students (Universiteiten, (Hoge)scholen). Wewant to create a platform where these groups can meet, interact, exchange ideas etc. We want to beopen to those just seeking information, seeking software, wanting to do business or that want
  64. 64. ActivitiesEvents: OSGeo.nl Dag, GWFLocal initiatives “Stammtish”Space for SIGsDo-ocracy !
  65. 65. www.meetup.com/OSGeoNL/Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012
  66. 66. 68CoachThe DreamTeamKeynoteTechnical Business & ApplicationOSGeo Open Source Seminar - Geospatial World Forum - 25 April 2012 - AmsterdamMarketingCoach2012OSGeo/FOSSSeminar GWF
  67. 67. 69Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
  68. 68. 70Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
  69. 69. Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
  70. 70. 72Jun 2012OSGeo.nl Day
  71. 71. Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012But my role here today is as I call it trailblazer for OSGeo.nl the Dutch Chapter of OSGeo. I will tell you more about OSGeo andOSgeo.nl later.
  72. 72. Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012But my role here today is as I call it trailblazer for OSGeo.nl the Dutch Chapter of OSGeo. I will tell you more about OSGeo andOSgeo.nl later.
  73. 73. OSGeo.nl Stats op 100613• 111 subscribers op [Dutch] mailinglijst• 90 leden ingeschreven op OSGeo.org Wiki• 47 IRCs gehouden, notulen en chat-logs• Wiki + Website www.osgeo.nl operationeel• Social media:Twitter (geen FB en G+), Meetup• 5 key events gehouden (2xNJ Borrel, 2xGWF, OSGeo.nl Dag)• GeoStammtisches, o.a. 2x Wageningen• OSGeo.org Local Chapter status verkregen 22 maart 2012• Stichtings Akte passeren: 21 juni 2013Just van den Broecke - GeoFreedomDay 2012
  74. 74. Meedoen?Opgeven via www.osgeo.nl- registreer op OSGeo.org Wiki- voeg je naam toe aan “Dutch” leden- registreer op [Dutch] mailing lijst
  75. 75. For Discussion- what would you like to see from OSGeo.nl?- would you like an active role?- would you like to present at OSGeo.nl Day?OSGeo.nl : we like to be a do-ocracy. If you have an idea let us, via e.g. Dutch mailing list know.What activities would you like to see?
  76. 76. Concluding
  77. 77. Open .... Geospatial===Four ThingsWhat is Open Source (for Geospatial)?Bakc to the Three Pillars and the Four Things. Ok, but what, let’s count.
  78. 78. 1. Open Data2. Open Standards3. Open Source4. Open Communities
  79. 79. Open SourceGeospatialEcosystemsOSGeo - OGC - OSM
  80. 80. Doe Mee !
  81. 81. ThankYou!

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