Self disclosure

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Self disclosure

  1. 1. Self-Disclosure
  2. 2. What is Self-Disclosure <ul><li>Transferring information from the hidden self to the open self </li></ul><ul><li>Can be consciously or unconsciously done </li></ul><ul><li>Includes disclosing information about others which will impact oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Irreversible </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. Who We Are – our personality ex. introverted/extroverted, confidence - the more social a person is, the more likely they will self-disclose </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>2. Culture – different cultures have different views on self-disclosure, and the topics you disclose about </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. masculine versus feminine cultures </li></ul><ul><li>(the showing of emotions) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>3. Gender – the male and female psyche are inherently different ex. women tend to disclose more than men </li></ul><ul><li>4. The Listener – the no. of listeners (generally, the more listeners, the less willing to self-disclose) </li></ul><ul><li>- the relationship with the listener/listeners </li></ul><ul><li>- liking those with whom you self-disclose </li></ul><ul><li>- the dyadic effect </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>5. Topic – certain topics are more “taboo” than others </li></ul><ul><li>6. Channel of Communication </li></ul><ul><li>– actually affects our willingness to </li></ul><ul><li>self-disclose </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Online versus face-to-face </li></ul>
  7. 7. Risks <ul><li>a. Revealing too much </li></ul><ul><li>-“knowledge is power” </li></ul><ul><li>-people can use information </li></ul><ul><li>for other purposes </li></ul><ul><li>b. Rejection/Loss of Self-Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>- people might not support or like what you disclose about yourself </li></ul>
  8. 8. Risks <ul><li>c. Material Loss </li></ul><ul><li>- sensitive information, if revealed, can cause a person to lose his job, status, ranking, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rewards <ul><li>1. Self-Knowledge/Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>- gain insight and a new perspective on oneself </li></ul><ul><li>2. Coping with Problems </li></ul><ul><li>- lighten the “burden” of a problem </li></ul><ul><li>- support/advice coming from others helps </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rewards <ul><li>3. Improving Communication with Others </li></ul><ul><li>- the more we understand the other person, the better we can communicate with them </li></ul><ul><li>4. Establish Meaningful Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>- self-disclosing shows trust to that person, while listening to the other shows respect and care </li></ul>
  11. 11. Guidelines for Self-Disclosing <ul><li>1. Making Self-Disclosures </li></ul><ul><li>2. Responding to Disclosures </li></ul><ul><li>3. Resisting Pressure to Self-Disclose </li></ul>
  12. 12. Making Disclosures <ul><li>RAB-OP </li></ul><ul><li>Reason – examine own motivations </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriateness – is the context, relationship, time and place appropriate? </li></ul><ul><li>Burdens – consider the burdens the disclosure might cause you or the listener </li></ul><ul><li>Other Person - give others a chance to reciprocate with their own disclosures </li></ul>
  13. 13. Responding to Disclosures <ul><li>HELBR </li></ul><ul><li>Hush – keep disclosures confidential </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage – express support for the person </li></ul><ul><li>Listen – listen actively, with empathy and with an open mind </li></ul><ul><li>(don’t) Blackmail – don’t use disclosure against the other </li></ul><ul><li>Respond – reciprocate by also disclosing </li></ul>
  14. 14. Resisting Pressure to Self-Disclose <ul><li>RIA </li></ul><ul><li>Resist – don’t get pushed into saying something you don’t want to </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect – change the topic and avoid questions that prompt you to self-disclose </li></ul><ul><li>Assert Position – directly but respectfully refuse </li></ul>

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