Common broadcast terms

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Common broadcast terms

  1. 1. Common Broadcast Terms (Radio & TV)
  2. 2. Station ID  Station Identification  To identify the station  Contains the Call Sign and Station Handle  Uses the official jingle of the station as its background
  3. 3. Time Check  Live announcement of the exact clock time.  All stations are mandated to announce the official time from PAG-ASA.
  4. 4. SPIEL  Fast short narration of a program’s body or content.  It might be:  program intro/extro  segment intro/extro  Sign on/sign off spiel  Standup
  5. 5. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff
  6. 6. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491)
  7. 7. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491) DyAB of the ABS- CBN Corp.
  8. 8. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491) DyAB of the ABS- CBN Corp. 1512Khz in the AM band
  9. 9. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491) DyAB of the ABS- CBN Corp. 1512Khz in the AM band 10,000 watts
  10. 10. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491) DyAB of the ABS- CBN Corp. 1512Khz in the AM band 10,000 watts License number & duration as issued by NTC
  11. 11. Sign ON  Official introduction of the station and it is played before the station starts its daily broadcast. It is required by law.  It contains the following:  National Anthem  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines (RA 8491) DyAB of the ABS- CBN Corp. 1512Khz in the AM band 10,000 watts License number & duration as issued by NTC Names of the technicians with their NTC license
  12. 12. Sign OFF  Official statement to end the day’s broadcast. It has the same contents as the Sign On spiel but the National Anthem is played at the end of the spiel.  It contains the following:  Name of the station/company, its Operator Category & Address  Frequency Assignment  Operating Power  License Details  Technical Staff  National Anthem
  13. 13. OBB  Opening Billboard.  It introduces a program or segment
  14. 14. OBB  Opening Billboard.  It introduces a program or segment  Program OBB/Intro
  15. 15. OBB  Opening Billboard.  It introduces a program or segment  Program OBB/Intro  Commercial OBB  Tells the sponsors of the program or segment  “This portion is brought to you by… “
  16. 16. CBB  Closing Billboard.  It closes a program or segment
  17. 17. CBB  Closing Billboard.  It closes a program or segment  Program CBB/Extro  Commercial CBB  Tells the sponsors of the program or segment  “This portion WAS brought to you by… “
  18. 18. Commercial Spots  Paid advertisements by a known sponsors with a specific duration:  5-seconds  15-seconds  30-seconds  60-seconds
  19. 19. PLUG  Non-paid message either a program advisory or info-development information. It is either produced by the station or by other outfit organization.
  20. 20. Commercial Break  Time alloted for airing commercials,program plugs and info-development plugs.
  21. 21. Commercial Break  Time alloted for airing commercials,program plugs and info-development plugs.  Types of Commercial Break:  Commercial Gap - time for commercial within a program  Break Spot - time between after the end of a program and the next program.
  22. 22. Commercial Break  Time alloted for airing commercials,program plugs and info-development plugs.  Types of Commercial Break:  Commercial Gap - time for commercial within a program  Break Spot - time between after the end of a program and the next program.  Duration of comgap:  Metro Manila - 18 mins/hour  Provinces - 20 mins/hour
  23. 23. Bumpers  The very brief, yet visually complex, program material separating a show from a commercial gap or other program segments.
  24. 24. AOB  Announcement-On-Board - live mention of an announcement or sponsorship.
  25. 25. Live Credits  Live mention of an acknowledgment, especially minor sponsors (make-up artists, etc.)
  26. 26. Closing Credits  Found at the end of the program (TV) which details the production staff, sponsors, and other people/groups behind the success of a production.
  27. 27. Dead Air  Refers to a period-- three or more seconds of “unnecessary” silence.
  28. 28. Ad Lib  ad libitum - speech or action that has not been scripted or specifically rehearsed.
  29. 29. Stingers  Music or sound effects -- used to stress a statement  Voice  Laughter  Applause  Etc…
  30. 30. Music Bed  Influences our moods and experiences.
  31. 31. Sound Effects  helps “complete” the pictures that we create in our minds.
  32. 32. TOA  Taped-On-Air – it’s the recording of the program’s episodes. The National Telecommunications Commission requires all broadcast stations to preserve the recordings for 10 days.
  33. 33. Program Grid  It is the schedule of programs.
  34. 34. Program Grid
  35. 35. Program Grid
  36. 36. Program Grid
  37. 37. Program Plan  It is prepared by the program producer with details of the contents of the days program.  It should be prepared per episode basis.  Acts as the guide of the program handlers and producers.  Sample
  38. 38. Sequence Guide  It shows the sequence of the segments/portions of the program that guides the announcers and technicians for the smooth flow of the program.  Sample

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