DAJ Resolution Info

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  • 1. Resolution Writing Seminar Presented By: Democrats Abroad Japan
  • 2. Agenda:
      • What are resolutions?
      • How do resolutions move through Democrats Abroad Japan and International
      • Writing a resolution
      • Resolution writing workshop
  • 3. What is A Resolution?    
    • The official expression of the opinion or will of a legislative body
    • Merely asserts an opinion that lawmakers wish to emphasize
    • A resolution expresses the general will of the room; it is a formal expression of recommendations by a legislative body. A resolution can recommend action or simply register an opinion. 
    • Basis for Discussion
    • Typically used when passage of a law is unnecessary or unfeasible
  • 4. Resolution vs. Law: What's the difference?
    • Resolution:
    • limited to a specific issue or event. They are neither intended to be permanent nor to be enforceable, nor do they carry the weight of court opinions. They resemble the opinions expressed by a newspaper on its editorial page, but they are nonetheless indicative of the ideas and values of elected representatives and, as such, commonly mirror the outlook of voters.
    • Law:
    • intended to permanently direct and control matters applying to persons or issues in general; moreover, they are enforceable.
  • 5. Resolution Passage Process
  • 6. Resolution Creation and Writing:
    • Resolution should be:
      • Clear 
      • Concise
      • Relevant to the topic
      • Within the jurisdiction of the committee (DA)
      • Within the bounds of realistic action
      • Mindful of explicitly detailing certain aspects of action(Ex. funding should only be included if it is a natural part of the solution to the problem)
      • Avoid creating extraneous panels, committees, or special agencies to examine topics
      • Properly formatted
  • 7. General Structure of a Resolution:
    • Heading:
      • Administrative and organizational portion of a resolution
        • Names
        • Topic(s) discussed
    • Body:
      • written as a long sentence
      • Starts with the name of the resolution followed by a comma
      • Remainder is divided into the preambulatory clauses and operative clauses
  • 8. Preambulatory:
      • Similar to an overview of the problem and past actions taken - may stress particular aspects of a problem
      • typically historic justifications and terms which frame the issue (Ex. "Noting article I of the United States Constitution...")
      • These clauses are substantive and cannot be amended - should be chosen carefully
      • Each clause starts with a one or two word preambulatory phrase, which is underlined, followed by the remainder of the clause, and a comma.
  • 9. Common Preambulatory phrases:
    • Acknowledging
    • Affirming
    • Alarmed by
    • Approving
    • Aware of 
    • Believing
    • Bearing in mind
    • Cognizant of 
    • Confident
    • COntemplating
    • Declaring
    • Deeply concerned
    • Deeply conscious
    • Expecting
    • Expressing its satifaction
    • Fulfilling
    • Fully alarmed
    • Fully aware
    • Further deploring
    • Further declaring
    • Having adopted
    • Having heard
    • Having studied
    • Hoping
    • Keeping in mind
    • Noting with deep concern
  • 10. Operative Clauses:
      • Are amendable and contain the real content and action of a resolution
      • meant to achieve the main policy goals
      • organized by logical progression
      • Each clause has only one idea, and sub-clauses are used to further detail the main action of the operatives
      • Begin with operative phrase which is a verb, and is underlined, and followed by the remainder of the clause which is terminated with a semicolon, except for the last operative, which is terminated with a period
      • Each clause is numbered and indented, and may include lettered sub-clauses
  • 11. Common Operative Clauses:
    • Accepts
    • Affirms
    • Approves
    • Authorizes
    • Calls
    • Calls upon
    • Condemns
    • Congratulates
    • Considers
    • Deplores
    • Designates
    • Draws attention
    • Emphasizes
    • Endorses
    • Expresses its appreciation
    • Further invites
    • Notes
    • Proclaims
    • Recommends
    • Reminds
    • Resolves
    • Solemnly affirms
    • Supports 
    • Takes note of 
    • Trusts
    • Urges
  • 12. Sample Resolution:
    • Passed by Democrats Abroad on April 25, 2009 at the global meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia
    • Proposed by Mike Stensrud Vice-Chairman of Democrats Abroad Japan
  • 13. Sample Resolution:
    • WHEREAS,
    • The Obama Administration has wisely stopped Federal prosecution of marijuana sold for medical purposes in a manner compliant with state regulation, thus alleviating the suffering of cancer patients and others who would benefit from medical marijuana.
    • Only thirteen states regulate the sale of marijuana for medical purposes.
    • Criminalization of non-medical uses of marijuana continues to contribute needlessly to organized crime at home and abroad, illicit drug trade, overburdening of the criminal justice system, and diverts valuable criminal justice resources away from more serious crimes.
    • The Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy heavily criticized U.S. drug policy and called on the U.S. to decriminalize marijuana in a report coinciding with increased drug-trade violence in Mexico;
    • The dominant argument against liberalized marijuana regulation, the gateway theory, has been consistently disproven, most recently by a RAND Corporation study commissioned by the British Parliament;
    • According to a World Health Organization survey conducted in 2008, the United States of America has the highest rates of marijuana use in the world.
    • In the Netherlands, where adult possession and purchase of small amounts of marijuana are allowed under a regulated system, the rate of marijuana use by both teenagers and adults is lower than in the U.S.
    • 55% of Americans believe possession of small amounts of marijuana should not be a criminal offense, according to a 2005 Gallup poll.
    • In the U.S., almost 90% of more than 9.5 million marijuana-related arrests since 1995 were for simple possession – not manufacture or distribution.
    • We praise the Obama administration for its bold step to make marijuana available for medical purposes,
    • We call upon states that do not yet provide the reasonable regulation of medical marijuana to do so as soon as possible, to alleviate suffering wherever possible.
    • We recommend replacing the current policy of marijuana prohibition with a taxed and regulated system modeled on how alcohol is treated in the U.S.