Marginalization in Literature: "The House on Mango Street" & El Proceso de Socialización, Fertilization and Abortion & Statistical Graphs
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Marginalization in Literature: "The House on Mango Street" & El Proceso de Socialización, Fertilization and Abortion & Statistical Graphs

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Esta presentación es del Temario que hize en el Colegio Americano de Guatemala en el 2009, con la presentación pase el examen con honores.

Esta presentación es del Temario que hize en el Colegio Americano de Guatemala en el 2009, con la presentación pase el examen con honores.

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  • buena onda mano, ya vi la foto, jaja aver que pasa buena onda
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  • AH! y no pases esa foto de la penultima diapositiva en la de marginacion
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  • Q onda vos, mira pues, esas mierdas las explique juntas, o sease, que para ahorrar tiempo y de todos modos no termine. A mi opinión es la mejor manera de explicarlos, igual se integran mucho mejor. Cuando te toque exponer solo lleva tu libro y no copias ni hojas, porque te haces un churro y terminas hablando cosas que nada que ver. El mejor consejo es: 'improvisas', no es decir pajas, si no que no lleves planeado como va a ser porque de repente todo se te viene abajo y no sabes que hacer. Mantene ordenada la presentación y habla de acuerdo a ella y no al réves, o sea, que hablés y te saltes diapositivas. Pilas, cualquier pedo ya sabes. Orales
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  • soy william (caricatura)
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  • que onda mano, que deawebo esta tu presentacion.
    yo tengo la misma y lo hice diferente, pero me llega la integracion de tus primeros dos temas, tomaste los dos como uno y yo queria explicar primero socializacion y despues integrar con marginacion, que me aconsejas mano? porque te quedo calidad, y exitos en todo mano
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  • 1. Por: Julián Chamalé 12-5
  • 2. Índice  Argumento  Sandra Cisneros  Enfoque  El Proceso de Socialización  Agentes de la Socialización  Influencia de la Sociedad en el Individuo  Roles  Estatus  Marginación  ¿En qué consiste?  Tipos de Marginación  Influencia Sobre el Proceso de Socialización  Estrategias Para Superarse  ¿Cómo Facilita la Sociedad el Proceso de Socialización?  ¿Porqué “The House on Mango Street?
  • 3. “The House on Mango Street”: Argumento  Es una obra literaria que describe la historia de Esperanza Cordero. Su casa, sus sueños, su barrio, y principalmente, sus ambiciones para algún día vivir dignamente.
  • 4. Sandra Cisneros Nació el 20 de diciembre de 1954, en Chicago Illinois La única mujer de siete hermanos. La experiencia de los latinos en USA The House on Mango Street
  • 5. Enfoque de la Autora Estereotipos, normas y valores • “…Nobody went to public school unless you wanted to turn out bad.” (p.53)¹ Rol de la mujer • “…I think that this is a Chinese lie because the Chinese, like the Mexicans, don’t like their women strong.” (p.10)² Marginación • “Someday I will have a best friend all my own.” (p.9)³ Rol y Estatus • “Just because I’m a daughter…” (p.92)´ ¹ Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. New York: Vintage Books, 1991. ²Idem¹ ³Idem¹ ´Idem¹
  • 6. El Proceso de Socialización Proceso Ejemplo Ref.⁵ Interrelacionarse “You want a friend, she says (…) I´ll be your friend.” p. 13 Conocimiento de la “Your abuelito is dead, Papa says early (…) está p. 56 Cultura muerto, and then (…) my brave Papa cries.” Adquisición de “One of the boys invented the rules (…) You can´t get p. 96 Aptitudes y the keys back unless you kiss us…” Normas Interiorización de “…It was just a kiss, that´s all (…) she said.” p. 97 las Normas Desempeño en la “…When you leave you must remember always to p. 105 sociedad come back (…) You can´t forget who you are (…) For the ones who cannot leave as easily as you…” µIdem¹
  • 7. Agentes de la Socialización Agente Ejemplo Ref.⁶ La Familia “And I think if my own Papa died what would you I do. I hold p. 57 my Papa in my arms…” Otro “No, Alicia says. Like it or not you are Mango Street, and one p.107 Significante day you’ll come back too.” Grupo de “But I like them. Their clothes are crooked and old…” p.14 Referencia Grupos “She lets me read her poems. I let her read mine…” p.84 Múltiples Grupos Pares “Down, down Mango Street we go. Rachel, Lucy, me. Our new p.16 bicycle. Laughing the crooked ride back.” La Escuela “The Catholic high school cost a lot, and Papa said nobody p.53 went to public school unless you wanted to turn out bad.” Medios de “And inside it would have real stairs, not hallway stairs, but p.14 Comunicación stairs inside like the houses on T.V…” ¶Idem¹
  • 8. Influencia de la Sociedad en el Individuo Interre- laciones Estatus Normas Sociedad- Individuo Perso- Roles nalidad
  • 9. Roles  Roles Adscritos: “…I don’t want to inherit her place by the window.” (p.11)· Mujer Hija  Roles Adquiridos: “…I find an easy job…” (p.53)¸ Estudiante Asalariada Amiga Esperanza ·Idem¹ ¸Idem¹
  • 10. Estatus  Adscritos: “I thought I would because he was so old…” (p.55)¹ Mujer Hispana* Adolescente  Adquiridos:”Don’t talk to them, says Cathy.” (p.14)¹⁰ Clase Baja Estudiante Asalariada ¹Idem¹ ¹⁰Idem¹
  • 11. Marginación “…Two girls raggedy as rats live across the street. You don´t want to know them…” (p.12) ¹¹ ¹¹Idem¹
  • 12. ¿En qué consiste?  Proceso resultante.  Estructura social, política y económica.  Sector o sectores.  Condiciones marcadas.  Debajo del promedio.  Exclusión.
  • 13. Tipos de Marginación Tipos: Ejemplo: Ref. ¹² Alternativa “I would like to baptize myself under a new name, a name p.11 more like the real me *…+ Something like Zeze the X will do.” Evasiva “Marin lights a cigarette and it doesn´t matter if it´s cold out p.27 *…+ What´s matter, Marin says…” Natural de “Hard to imagine her legs once strong, the bones hard and p.59 Exclusión parting water, clean sharp strokes, not bent and wrinkled like a baby…” Artificial de “…When my mother’s in a good mood (…) I’m going to ask to p.82 Exclusión by the nylons too.” Cultural “Look at that house, I said, it looks like Mexico […] Before p.18 they can let out a laugh…” ¹²Idem¹
  • 14. Influencia de la Marginación en el Proceso de Socialización “Someday I will have a best friend all my own. One I can tell my secrets to. One who will understand my jokes without my having to explain them. Until then I am a red balloon, a balloon tied to an anchor.” (p.9)¹³ ¹³Idem¹
  • 15. Estrategias Para Superarse • “…She doesn’t want to spend her whole Estudiar life in a factory…” (p.32)¹´ • “One day I will say goodbye to Mango.” Luchar (p.110)¹µ Administrar • “I needed money.” (p.53)¹¶ el dinero • “They will not know I have gone away Identidad to come back. For the ones I left behind…” (p.110)¹· ¹´Idem¹ ¹µIdem¹ ¹¶Idem¹ ¹·Idem¹
  • 16. ¿Cómo Facilita la Sociedad el Proceso de Socialización?  Tratando de asimilar las culturas.  Imponiendo la meritocracia por capacitación.  La búsqueda de la equidad de género.  Estados representativos e incluyentes.  La libertad de expresión.
  • 17. ¿Porqué “The House on Mango Street”?  Una belleza de la literatura contemporánea.  Irónica.  Simbolista.  Universal.  Realista.  Sencilla.
  • 18. Julián Chamalé
  • 19. Index  Kind of Fertilization  Embryonic Stage  Length of Time of the Embryonic Stage  Human Development  Second Stage: Fetus’s Growth  Fertility Rates  Guatemala  Contraceptives  Abortion  Why Carry Out an Abortion?  Abortion Rates in the World  Most Frequent Types of Abortion  Abortion in Latin America  Legal Abortion Rates in the World  Guatemala’s Abortion Rate  Ethics of Abortion  My Opinion
  • 20. Kinds of Fertilization Natural Man- Take an egg Woman and a sperm Sperm travel Fertilizing to egg the egg in a tube
  • 21. Embryonic Stage Zygote • Sperm penetrate egg. • DNA unique structure, 46 chromosomes. Twins. Morula • Cleveage. • 4th or 5th day. • 10 - 30 cells. Blastocyst • Fluid cavity. • It hatches out of its shell • Blastocyst implantation into the lining of the uterus can then begin. Gastrulation • Primary germ layers. • Origin of organs
  • 22. Length of Time of the Embryonic Stage 60 50 Zygote Morula 40 Blastocyst Gastrula Days 30 Embryo 20 10 0 Embryonic Stage Source: www.religioustolerance.org
  • 23. Human Development
  • 24. Second Stage: Fetus’ Growth Fetus’ Growth from 12th Week to 40th Week 12
  • 25. Total Length of Time of the Pregnancy by Stages 9 8 7 6 Embryo Months 5 Fetus 4 3 2 1 0 Pregnancy Source: www.religioustolerance.org
  • 26. Fertility Rates Guatemala World 4 3.59 3 2.61 2 1 0 Country Vs. World Source: “The World Factbook”. <www.cia.gov>
  • 27. Guatemala Difference between the number of women’s wanted children and the number of children that women’s really have. The rate in indigenous areas is higher than national rate . Children per Woman National Indigenous Rural Areas Wanted Fecundity Rate Real Fecundity Rate Source: www.guttmacher.org
  • 28. Contraceptives Barrier Methods. Hormonal and Chemical Methods. Combined Methods. Intrauterine Device (IUD). Simple Methods. Compound Methods. Permanent Or Irreversible Methods.
  • 29. Abortion  An abortion is the premature termination of pregnancy resulting in the death of the carried embryo or fetus.
  • 30. Why Carry Out an Abortion?
  • 31. Abortion Rates in the World Rest of Europe 1% East Europe 11% Africa 31% Latin American and the Caribbean 36% Rest of Asia 21% Source: www.nzdl.sadl.uleth.ca
  • 32. Most Frequent Types of Abortions Vacuum Aspiration (MVA and D&C): • Emptying the uterus with suction. Medical Abortion: • Take medicaments to expel the pregnancy. Surgical Abortion (D&E and D&X): • The fetus is removed from the uterus with surgical instruments.
  • 33. Abortion in Latin America
  • 34. Legal Abortion Rates in the World 0 15 30 45 60 Source: www.johnstonarchive.com
  • 35. World’s Abortion Rate Source: IPF (Institutes for Familiar Policies)
  • 36. Ethics of Abortion  PRO-LIFE and PRO-CHOICE.  PRO-LIFE solution is to have the child and basically live with it.  PRO-CHOICE solution is abortion if they feel the reasons are appropriate.
  • 37. My Opinion  I agree with PRO-CHOICE.  Some cases like rape, abuse, kidnapping or unwanted pregnancy.  Women have the right to decide over their own body.
  • 38. Types of Diagrams Diagram Interpretation & Drawing Advantages Bar Diagram •Qualitative categories. •It is visually easy to •Highest and Smallest understand. Segmented Bars •One total, various categories. •Stages or divisions. •How a date is compound for. Grouped Bars •Two qualitative data, different •Compare two different situations. situations in different years/time. Pie-Charts •Compare how a total is •Showing the compound for. component parts of a •Part/Total*360 degrees. quantity. Ogive •Quantitative data. •Growing. •Where data is growing. •Concentration. Histogram and •Bars always touch. •Concentration of data. Frequency •Quantitative data. •Shape of data set. Polygon