Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Japan
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Japan

7,285

Published on

Published in: Education, Travel, Business
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,285
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
717
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • The next couple of slides are a comparison of the countries that we will be visiting. Notice how small all are compared to China.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Junhel Dalanon, DDM, MAT
    • 2. Architecture
    • 3. Pagoda Characteristics
      • Japan is mostly volcanic rock, so most of the pagodas are wood.
      • Similar to Chinese temples, but more richly decorated.
      • Built to withstand both earthquakes and island storms.
      • Always feature curved roofs.
      • Built in 616 A.D. the Pagoda at Horyuji is the oldest wooden structure in the world.
    • 4. Temple Complex at Horyuji
    • 5. Story Scrolls
    • 6. Story Scrolls
      • The illustrations stressed realism and action.
      • The scenes are read, or unrolled, from right to left.
      • “ The Burning of the Sanjo Palace” is nearly 23 feet long.
      • It tells the story of a night attack on the palace in 1159 A.D. in which the emperor was taken prisoner.
    • 7. Burning of the Sanjo Palace
    • 8. Sculpture
    • 9. Sculpture
      • Japanese sculpture tend to highly “stylized”.
      • The subject shown in the artwork usually fits with its surroundings. A Zen Buddhist temple will feature statues of the Buddha, while a castle will be “protected” by statues of guard dogs, samurai and guardian deities.
    • 10.  
    • 11.  
    • 12.  
    • 13. Woodblock Prints
    • 14. Woodblock Prints
      • These are made by carving an illustration into a sheet or block of wood, inking the surface, and printing on paper.
      • A separate carving must be made for each color, but they must be perfectly identical so everything lines up precisely.
      • As a result, woodblock print illustrations tend to be far less complex than paintings and drawings.
    • 15. Great Wave at Kanagawa
    • 16. Utilitarian Art
    • 17. Utilitarian art
      • Utilitarian art is art that has a practical use. Anything in your home that has a specific use, but is decorated to be more attractive, is utilitarian.
      • Japanese screens are used to provide more privacy in the home.
      • Some are wood, others are made of silk or paper.
    • 18.  
    • 19.  
    • 20. Nippon – Land of the Rising Sun
    • 21. Japan’s Regions
    • 22. Japan’s Prefectures
    • 23. Japan’s Topography
    • 24. Sea of Japan Ishikari R. Korean Straits Pacific Ocean Inland Sea Tone R. Shinano R. Bodies of Water
    • 25. Kitani Mts. Kitakami Mts. Mikuni Mts. Chugoku Mts. Kyushu Mts. Mt. Fuji Mountains and Peaks
    • 26. Kanto Plain Nobi Plain Ishikari Plain Osaka Plain Plains
    • 27. Hokkaido Honshu Shikuku Kyushu Okinawa Islands
    • 28. Sapporo Hiroshima Kobe Tokyo Nagasaki Kyoto Yokohama Nagoya Osaka Cities
    • 29. Sea of Japan Ishikari R. Korean Straits Pacific Ocean Inland Sea Tone R. Shinano R. Kitani Mts. Kitakami Mts. Mikuni Mts. Chugoku Mts. Kyushu Mts. Mt. Fuji Kanto Plain Nobi Plain Osaka Plain Ishikari Plain Hokkaido Honshu Shikuku Kyushu Okinawa Russia China N. Korea S. Korea Sapporo Hiroshima Kobe Tokyo Nagasaki Kyoto Yokohama Nagoya Osaka
    • 30. Shinkansen : Bullet Train Bullet Train National Lines Travel
    • 31. Very Mountainous: Little Arable Land
    • 32. Hells Lake Pool in Beppu
    • 33. Mt. Fuji
    • 34. Swift-Moving Rivers: Hydroelectric Power
    • 35. Japan’s Land Area and Utilization
    • 36. Japan by Satellite
    • 37. Mt. Aso -- Active Volcano
    • 38. Shiranesan Caldera
    • 39. Global Tectonic Plates Japan -- On the “Fire Rim of the Pacific”
    • 40. Japan’s Sub-Oceanic Trenches
    • 41. Japanese Earthquakes: 1961-1994
    • 42. Ginza Ruins After The Great Kanto Earthquake -- Tokyo, 1923 Over 100,000 dead!
    • 43. Kobe Earthquake -- January 17, 1995
      • 7.2 Richter scale
      • 5,500 deaths
    • 44. Kobe Earthquake -- January 17, 1995
    • 45. Tsunamis – Tidal Waves
    • 46. Vegetation
    • 47. Igawa Town on the Izumo Plain
    • 48. Rice Farmer’s Farmhouse: Okutsu Town, Okayama Prefecture
    • 49. Terrace Farming of Rice
    • 50. The Japanese Farm the Sea Tokyo Fish Market
    • 51. Raw Materials and Resources
    • 52. Natural Resources
    • 53. Raw Materials
    • 54. World Contributions to Global Warming
    • 55. Shinto Polytheism Ancestor Worship Hyper- Nationalism The World of the kami Minimize sin & guilt Great Creator
    • 56. Amaterasu : Sun Goddess
    • 57. Union of Izanami & Izanagi Wedded Rocks at Futami no Ura
    • 58. Tree kami surrounded by sacred boundaries
    • 59. Torii Gate, Miyajima Island
    • 60. Torii Gate in Winter
    • 61. Torii Gate
    • 62. A Tunnel of Torii Gates Inari Mt., Kyoto
    • 63. Torii Gong
    • 64. Shinto Temple – “worship hall”
    • 65. Shinto Priest
    • 66. Traditional Shinto Wedding Today
    • 67. Prayers, Thoughts, & Wishes at a Shinto Shrine
    • 68. Memorials for the Unborn
    • 69. Jizo Stones
    • 70. Shinto Subway Shrine
    • 71. Hot Sand Bath at Takegawara Onsen, Beppu Origins in the Nara Period (710-794)
    • 72. Japanese Baths Grandma & her grandson
    • 73. Shintoism in traditional japanese culture
    • 74. Noh Theater : 8-man chorus
    • 75. Noh Theater The Play Aoi no Ue
    • 76. Noh Theater Traditional Weeping Gesture Woman Heavenly-being Demonness   Old Man Warrior Demon God
    • 77. Kabuki Theater An interior of a Kabuki theater.
    • 78. Bunraku Puppets
    • 79. Bunraku Puppets
    • 80. Chanoyu : Tea Ceremony
    • 81. Tea Ceremony Equipment Green Tea
    • 82. A Japanese Tea Master
    • 83. A Japanese Tea House
    • 84. A Tea House Interior
    • 85. Origami : The Art of Japanese Paper Folding
    • 86. Origami : Modern Adaptations
    • 87. Calligraphy
    • 88. Calligraphy
    • 89. Haiku : 17-syllable poem Matsuo Basho , Master of Haiku Spring departs. Birds cry Fishes' eyes are filled with tears.
    • 90. Ikebana : The Art of Japanese Flower Arranging
      • Tallest  Heaven
      • Middle  Man
      • Smallest  Earth
    • 91. Bonzai : A Unique Method of Meditation
    • 92. Japanese Garden for Meditation
    • 93. Japanese Zen Garden
    • 94. Japanese Sand Garden
    • 95. Miniature Rock/Sand Garden
    • 96. Shinto in Modern Furniture
    • 97.  
    • 98. Yamato Period: 300-710 “ Great Kings” era Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: Confucianism. Language ( kanji characters). Buddhist sects. Chinese art & architecture. Government structure.
    • 99. Prince Shotoku: 573-621
      • Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
      • Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
      • Created a new government structure:
        • 17 Article Constitution in 604. 
    • 100. Heian Period: 794-1156
      • Characteristics :
      • Growth of large landed estates.
      • Arts & literature of China flourished.
      • Elaborate court life [highly refined]
        • ETIQUETTE. 
      • Personal diaries
        • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10c]
      • Great novel
        • The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu [1000 pgs.+] 
      • Moving away from Chinese models in religion, the arts, and government. 
    • 101. Heian Period: Cultural Borrowing
      • Chinese writing.
      • Chinese artistic styles.
      • Buddhism [in the form of ZEN].
      • BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! 
    • 102. Heian Court Dress
    • 103. The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon (diary)
    • 104. The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon (diary)
    • 105. Tale of Genji ( first novel)
    • 106. Tale of Genji Scroll (first novel)
    • 107. Lady Murasaki Shikibu She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana , while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji .
    • 108. Minamoto Yoritomo Founded the Kamakura Shogunate : 1185-1333
    • 109. Feudal Society The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
    • 110. Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan: Shogun Daimyo Daimyo Samurai Samurai Samurai Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant Land - Shoen Land - Shoen Protection Loyalty Loyalty Food
    • 111. Code of Bushido
      • Fidelity
      • Politeness
      • Virility
      • Simplicity
    • 112. Seppuku: Ritual Suicide Kaishaku – his “seconds” It is honorable to die in this way.
    • 113. Full Samurai Attire
    • 114. Samurai Sword
    • 115. Early Mounted Samurai Warriors
    • 116. Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self Defense A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the chest was the basic undergarment of a samurai’s costume A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO , or “armor robe,” was tied snugly at the waist with a special knot (lower right)
    • 117. BILLOWING PANTALOONS, worn over the armor robe, fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of movement STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were reinforced with strips of iron to give protection from the front AN EXQUISITE BROCADE , richly worked with a design of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials used in an armor robe that may have been made for a 14 th Century imperial prince
    • 118. Samurai Charging
    • 119. Modern-Day “Samurai Warriors”
    • 120. Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe: King Lord Lord Knight Knight Knight Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant Land - Fief Land - Fief Protection Loyalty Loyalty Food
    • 121. Code of Chivalry
      • Justice
      • Loyalty
      • Defense
      • Courage
      • Faith
      • Humility
      • Nobility
    • 122. European knight Samurai Warrior vs. Medieval Warriors
    • 123. Knight’s Armor Samurai Armor vs. Medieval Warriors
    • 124. Zen Buddhism A Japanese variation of the Mahayana form of Buddhism, which came from India through China. It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and self-discipline.
    • 125. Mongol “Invasions” of Japan 4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.
    • 126. Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573
      • Shoguns fought for power.
      • Laws are unclear.
      • Less efficient than the Kamakura.
      • Armies of samurai protected the country. 
    • 127. C A S T L E S
    • 128. Osaka Castle
    • 129. Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle
    • 130. Caernorfon Castle, Wales
    • 131. Warwick Castle, England
    • 132. R O E N S
    • 133. The Age of the Warring States: ( 1467 - 1568) Castles built on hills in different provinces. Power shifts from above to below. Europeans arrive in Japan  bringing firearms & Christianity. Christianity & foreign trade flourish.
    • 134. Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582) Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun. Unifies a large part of Japan.
    • 135. Catholic Jesuits in Japan St. Francis Xavier [First Catholic Missionaries in Asia]
    • 136. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions. Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan.  Tries to invade Korea, but fails.
    • 137. First Christian Martyrs (1597): Shrine in Nagasaki Today
    • 138. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
      • Appointed shogun by the Emperor.
      • Four-class system laid down with marriage restricted to members of the same class! 
          • Warriors.
          • Farmers.
          • Artisans.
          • Merchants.
    • 139. Tokugawa Shogunate Period
      • Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese]. 
          • The Dutch were restricted to a small island in Nagasaki harbor.
      • Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
      • The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.
      • Domestic trade flourishes.
      • Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
      • Merchant class becomes rich! 
      • New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki theater.
    • 140. Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: 1868 - 1912 Commodore Matthew Perry
    • 141. 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry “Opens Up” Japan to Western Trade!
    • 142. What Did the U. S. Want??
      • Coaling stations.
      • More trading partners.
      • A haven for ship-wrecked sailors.
    • 143. Perry’s “Black Ships”
    • 144. The Treaty of Kanagawa - 1854
    • 145. Japan Learns a Lesson! I n 1862, just before the start of the Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and scholars to China to study the situation there. A Japanese recorded in his diary from Shanghai… The Chinese have become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.
    • 146. China’s “Unequal Treaties”
      • After the Opium War of 1839-1842, Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West.
    • 147. The Shi-shi (“Men of High Purpose”)
      • Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan.
      • They believed that:
          • Japan was sacred ground.
          • The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God.
      • Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperor’s consent.
      • Their slogan  Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!
    • 148. The Meiji Revolt - 1868
      • A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun.
      • Sakamoto Ryoma , the hero.
      • He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state.
    • 149. The Shogunate Is Overthrown!
      • The last Shogun.
      • Tokugawa Yoshinobu.
    • 150. The Emperor Is “Restored” to Power MEIJI  “Enlightened Rule”
    • 151. Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s? Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened
    • 152. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing”
      • Popular board game.
      • Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals.
      • End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.
    • 153. European Goods
      • Europe began to “loom large” in the thinking of many Japanese.
      • New slogan : Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!
    • 154. The Japanese Became Obsessed with Western Styles Civilization and Enlightenment!
    • 155. Everything Western Was Fashionable!
    • 156. Everything Western Was Fashionable! Japanese soldiers with their wives.
    • 157. The Rulers Set the Tone with Western Dress Emperor Meiji Empress Haruko (1868- 1912)
    • 158. Changing Women’s Fashions 1900 Styles The First “Miss Japan” (1908)
    • 159. Meiji Reforms Abolition of the feudal system Land Redistribution Human Rights & Religious Freedom Build a Modern Navy (British) Westernize the School System (Fr. & Ger.) Modernize the Army (Prussian) Emperor Worship Intensified Written Constitution (Germans) Modern Banking System
    • 160. A Constitutional Government Copied from the Germans Satsuma & Choshu Families The Emperor of Japan The Diet (Legislative Body) House of Representatives House of Peers 1889 Constitution of Japan
    • 161. Expansionism & the Rise of Military Power New players on the block?
    • 162. Sino-Japanese War: 1894-1895 The Meiji Emperor was in Hiroshima during the Sino-Japanese War
    • 163. Soldiers on the Battlefield During the Sino-Japanese War The Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the war.
    • 164. Today—Tensions Between China & Japan EEZ -Exclusive Economic Zone.
      • Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan.
      • Tension over disputed gas field on the rise, exacerbating mutual mistrust dating back to the Sino-Japanese War.
    • 165. The Russo-Japanese War: 1904-1905 The Battle of Tsushima : The results startled the world!
    • 166. President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the Peace The Treaty of Portsmouth , NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.
    • 167. Japan Annexes Korea
    • 168. Japan Is a Player in China
    • 169. Competition from Another “Pacific” Power Is on the Horizon
    • 170. The U. S. “Great White Fleet”
    • 171. But, Japanese Power Would Grow . . .

    ×