Globalisation and education (role and skills of 21st century teacher)
Education for Globalisation. (Role of Teacher) By: Harshpreet Kaur
Globalisation: Defined• Acc to T.Evans, “Globalisation is the ‘space-time compression’. In simple words it means shrinkage of space as well as time, which brings together nations, cultures and economies in mutual respect for one another.• Globalization is the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. Globalization refers to the integration of economics and societies all over the world. Globalization involves technological, economic, political, and cultural exchanges made possible largely by advances in communication, transportation, and infrastructure.
Globalisation and Education• People around the world are more connected with each other. There is need of Understanding of interaction of human society and environment all the more.• Education in global society has greater responsibility of Shaping preferred futures of the students.• Liberalisation and privatisation has changed the education scenario of today.• Exploration of change, interdependence, identity and diversity, rights and responsibilities, peace building, poverty and wealth, sustainability and global justice keys areas where education has to play vital role.• Developing skills of cooperation, shared responsibility, critical thinking, communication• Positive and responsible values and attitudes and orientation to active participation.
Globalisation and education• The quantity and quality of education determine whether and how the country can participate in the processes of globalisaton.
The aims of global education• Creating global citizens:• A Global Citizen is someone who:• is aware of the wider world and has a sense of his or her own role as a world citizen.• respects and values diversity.• has an understanding of how the world works.• is troubled by social injustice.• participates in the community at a range of levels, from the local to the global.• is willing to act to make the world a more equitable and sustainable place.• takes responsibility for her or his actions.• feels an ethical responsibility to others around the globe
The aims of global educationKnowledge and understanding• Interconnectedness and interdependence• Environmental sustainability(factors that contribute to quality of environment)• Economic development.• Diversity.• Human rights.• Change management.• Conflict resolution and peace building.
The aims of global educationValues and attitudes• Personal identity and self esteem• Care and compassion• Responsibility and cooperation• Social justice• Respecting diversity• Environmental sustainability
The aims of global educationSkills and processes• Framework of knowledge• Critical literacy.• Develop and express point of views• Identify unfairness and action to redress it• Empathy for others and environment• Cooperation
The aims of global educationAction and participation• Involvement• Identify and investigate opportunities• Consider consequences• Identify and overcome barriers• Cooperate and value participation of others• Reflect and evaluate action
Teaching with a global perspectiveLearning processes• An inclusive classroom• Participation for all• Student-centred learning• Experiential learning( providing them direct experience to learning)• Inquiry-based learning• Interactivity• Cooperative learning• Building self-esteem• Enabling critical literacy• Using current issues
Teaching with a global perspectiveDealing with controversial issues• Balance study and critical appraisal• Develop individual informed opinions• Skills to formulate arguments using evidence• Commitment to Human Rights
Teaching with a global perspectivePracticing active citizenship• Involvement in community activities and campaigns• Identify, investigate and evaluate alternative courses of action• Devise strategies to overcome barriers to active participation• Reflect and evaluate effectiveness of action
Skills of 21st century Educator• The risk taker : Teachers should not wait for others to take the initiative , they have to be the lead. Show your students that everything can be learnt through risk and initiative taking and sometimes surrender yourself to your students’ knowledge . The collaborator: The teacher should be able to collaborate the different tasks for the students. He should be able to collaborate the best technology in the teaching learning process. The model : Teachers job is not just instilling information in students minds though instilling is not a proper term to use, but they are also there to give the exampalary model of how the life long learner should be. Students are very much influenced by their teachers behaviors therefore the 21st century teachers need to model several characteristics. such as :•
Continue…• The leader : The teacher should be able to guide the students properly.• The visionary : Teachers must be imaginative . They need to foresee the potential of the emerging technologies, look into other areas of the curricula and across disciplines, make links that enhance and value learning in other fields to leverage this knowledge and reinforce their teaching and the learning of their students . The learner : This is a good way to teach others about what is special to you and to learn about other people at the same time. Learning is a continuous process , a life long commitment to knowledge , teachers should always seek knowledge everywhere using technology . The world is dynamic and the horizons and landscapes are changing so do the teachers’ needs and skills.
Continue………….• The communicator : the 21st century teacher should be fluent in the use of communication and information technologies ,know how to facilitate, stimulate, control, moderate and manage them. The adaptor : Different as they are the modes of learning , teachers should always make their teaching styles adaptive to :• The new curriculum requirements The emerging latest technologies The various age groups and abilities The new dynamic teaching experience.
Examples of activitiesExample 1:Students will:• observe a role play in which two friends are having a conflict• describe the problem and how the characters are feeling• identify the choices the characters have in the situationExample 2:• Classroomblogs can be createdExample 3:• Project be given to students where they work together to find a common solution.Example 5• Students taken to old age home to spend a day .• Students be made to write a letter to the newspaper editor• Students can be made to create their own blogs.Example 6• Students be encouraged to teach eachother a new game. This is a good way to teach others about what is special to you and to learn about other people at the same time.
Skills of 21st century educator Creativity and innovation Learning and Logical and critical Problem solving Innovation skills thinking Technological literacy Self motivator Skills for 21st Century Carrier and Information Educator Life skills ,media and technolgy skills adjustability Tolerance and Democratic attitudeInformation literacy Media literacy