CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT_SUMMER CLASS

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CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT_SUMMER CLASS

  1. 1. CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT JUN DUMAUG
  2. 2. According to James Garner, the STATE is a community of persons more or less numerous occupying a definite portion of territory completely free of external control and possessing an organized government to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience. JUN DUMAUG
  3. 3. STATE VS. NATIONJUN DUMAUG
  4. 4. FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF STATE:1. People 2. Territory 3. Sovereignty 4. Government JUN DUMAUG
  5. 5. Peoplerefer to the inhabitants of the state. There is no strict requirement on their number, but they must be of sufficient number to be self-sufficing.JUN DUMAUG
  6. 6. Territory is a fixed portion on the surface of the earth inhabited by the people of the state.JUN DUMAUG
  7. 7. Sovereignty is the supreme and uncontrollable power inherent in a State.JUN DUMAUG
  8. 8. 2 KINDS OF SOVEREIGNTY 1. Legal- is the authority which has the power to issue final commands; 2. 2. Political – is the power behind the legal sovereign, or the sum total of the influences that operate it. JUN DUMAUG
  9. 9. Government is the instrument that provides mechanisms in determining, formulating, and implementing the policies of the state. It is the essential instrument or machinery of the state that carries out its will, purposes and objectives. JUN DUMAUG
  10. 10. TWO FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT 1. CONSTITUENT – Compulsory function 2. MINISTRANT- Discretionary function JUN DUMAUG
  11. 11. ADMINISTRATION Refers to the group of persons in whose hands the reins of the government are held for the time being. JUN DUMAUG
  12. 12. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT A. According to the number of People who rule 1. MONARCHY 2. OLIGARCHY 3. DEMOCRACY JUN DUMAUG
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  14. 14. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT B. According to the relationship between the National & Local 1. FEDERAL 2. UNITARY JUN DUMAUG
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  18. 18. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT C. According to the status of those who hold the rein of Government 1. CIVIL 2. MILITARY JUN DUMAUG
  19. 19. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT D. According to the Relationship between the Executive & Legislature 1. PARLIAMENTARY 2. PRESIDENTIAL JUN DUMAUG
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  22. 22. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT E. OTHER FORMS 1. DESPOTIC 2. TOTALITARIAN 3. REPUBLICAN 4. CONSTITUTIONAL 5. DE JURE 6. DE FACTO 7. REVOLUTIONARY JUN DUMAUG
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  28. 28. EXECUTE, IMPLEMENT, ENFORCE LAW-MAKING, FORMULATION OF POLICIES INTERPRET LAWS, JUSTICE PRESIDENT, GOVERNOR, MAYOR, PUNONG BARANGAY, SK CHAIRMAN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SENATORS, BOARD MEMBERS, COUNCILORS INTERPRET LAWS, JUSTICE JUSTICES, JUDGES JUN DUMAUG
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  43. 43. National Government Province Highly Urbanized, Chartered, Independent City Component City Municipality Barangay Barangay JUN DUMAUG
  44. 44. National Government REGION Province Highly Urbanized, Chartered, Independent City Component City Municipality Barangay Barangay Congressional District Congressional District JUN DUMAUG
  45. 45. 1 President of the Republic of the Philippines 229 Congressional/Legislative Districts 17 Regions 81 Provinces 33 Highly Urbanized Cities 5 Independent Component Cities 84 Component Cities 1,494 Municipalities 42,000 BarangaysJUN DUMAUG
  46. 46. JUN DUMAUG
  47. 47. 1.SEPARATION OF POWERS 2. SYSTEM OF CHECK AND BALANCE 3.BLENDING OF POWERS PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE OPERATIONS OF GOVERNMENTAL POWERS (3 BRANCHES) JUN DUMAUG
  48. 48. JUN DUMAUG
  49. 49. POLICE POWER is the power of promoting the general welfare by restraining and regulating the use of liberty and property. Basis is the latin maxim salus populi est suprema lex (the general welfare is the supreme law) JUN DUMAUG
  50. 50. EMINENT DOMAIN enables the State to acquire private property upon payment of just compensation for some intended public use. JUN DUMAUG
  51. 51. TAXATION it means the State is able to demand from the members of society their proportionate share or contribution in the maintenance of the government. JUN DUMAUG
  52. 52. INHERENT IN THE STATE JUN DUMAUG
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  56. 56. JUN DUMAUG
  57. 57. SIMILARITIES OF THE 3 FUNDAMENTAL POWERS  NOT ONLY NECESSARY BUT INDISPENSABLE  METHODS TO INTERFERE PRIVATE RIGHTS  PRESUPPOSES AN EQUIVALENT COMPENSATION  EXERCISED BY LEGISLATURE JUN DUMAUG

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