CONCEPT OF STATE
AND GOVERNMENT
JUN DUMAUG
According to James Garner, the STATE
is a community of persons more or
less numerous occupying a definite
portion of terri...
STATE VS. NATIONJUN DUMAUG
FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF
STATE:1. People
2. Territory
3. Sovereignty
4. Government
JUN DUMAUG
Peoplerefer to the inhabitants
of the state. There is no strict
requirement on their number, but
they must be of sufficien...
Territory is a fixed portion on the
surface of the earth inhabited by
the people of the state.JUN DUMAUG
Sovereignty is the supreme and
uncontrollable power inherent in a State.JUN DUMAUG
2 KINDS OF SOVEREIGNTY
1. Legal- is the authority which has the power to issue final
commands;
2. 2. Political – is the po...
Government is the instrument
that provides mechanisms in
determining, formulating, and
implementing the policies of the
st...
TWO FUNCTIONS OF
GOVERNMENT
1. CONSTITUENT – Compulsory
function
2. MINISTRANT- Discretionary
function
JUN DUMAUG
ADMINISTRATION
Refers to the
group of
persons in
whose hands
the reins of the
government are
held for the
time being.
JUN ...
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
A. According to the
number of People
who rule
1. MONARCHY
2. OLIGARCHY
3. DEMOCRACY
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
FORMS OF
GOVERNMENT
B. According to
the
relationship
between the
National &
Local
1. FEDERAL
2. UNITARY
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
C. According to the status of
those who hold the rein of
Government
1. CIVIL
2. MILITARY
JUN DUMAUG
FORMS OF
GOVERNMENT
D. According to the
Relationship
between the
Executive &
Legislature
1. PARLIAMENTARY
2. PRESIDENTIAL
...
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
E. OTHER FORMS
1. DESPOTIC
2. TOTALITARIAN
3. REPUBLICAN
4. CONSTITUTIONAL
5. DE JURE
6. DE FACTO
7. R...
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
EXECUTE, IMPLEMENT,
ENFORCE
LAW-MAKING,
FORMULATION OF
POLICIES INTERPRET LAWS,
JUSTICE
PRESIDENT, GOVERNOR,
MAYOR, PUNONG...
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
National Government
Province
Highly Urbanized,
Chartered, Independent
City
Component City
Municipality
Barangay Barangay
J...
National Government
REGION
Province Highly Urbanized,
Chartered, Independent
City
Component City
Municipality
Barangay Bar...
1 President of the Republic of the Philippines
229 Congressional/Legislative Districts
17 Regions
81 Provinces
33 Highly U...
JUN DUMAUG
1.SEPARATION OF POWERS
2. SYSTEM OF CHECK AND BALANCE
3.BLENDING OF POWERS
PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE OPERATIONS
OF GOVERNME...
JUN DUMAUG
POLICE POWER is the
power of promoting
the general welfare
by restraining and
regulating the use
of liberty and
property. ...
EMINENT
DOMAIN
enables the
State to
acquire
private
property upon
payment of
just
compensation
for some
intended
public us...
TAXATION it means the
State is able to
demand from the
members of society
their proportionate
share or contribution
in the...
INHERENT IN THE STATE
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
JUN DUMAUG
SIMILARITIES OF THE 3
FUNDAMENTAL POWERS
 NOT ONLY NECESSARY BUT INDISPENSABLE
 METHODS TO INTERFERE PRIVATE RIGHTS
 PR...
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CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT_SUMMER CLASS

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CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT_SUMMER CLASS

  1. 1. CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT JUN DUMAUG
  2. 2. According to James Garner, the STATE is a community of persons more or less numerous occupying a definite portion of territory completely free of external control and possessing an organized government to which a great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience. JUN DUMAUG
  3. 3. STATE VS. NATIONJUN DUMAUG
  4. 4. FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF STATE:1. People 2. Territory 3. Sovereignty 4. Government JUN DUMAUG
  5. 5. Peoplerefer to the inhabitants of the state. There is no strict requirement on their number, but they must be of sufficient number to be self-sufficing.JUN DUMAUG
  6. 6. Territory is a fixed portion on the surface of the earth inhabited by the people of the state.JUN DUMAUG
  7. 7. Sovereignty is the supreme and uncontrollable power inherent in a State.JUN DUMAUG
  8. 8. 2 KINDS OF SOVEREIGNTY 1. Legal- is the authority which has the power to issue final commands; 2. 2. Political – is the power behind the legal sovereign, or the sum total of the influences that operate it. JUN DUMAUG
  9. 9. Government is the instrument that provides mechanisms in determining, formulating, and implementing the policies of the state. It is the essential instrument or machinery of the state that carries out its will, purposes and objectives. JUN DUMAUG
  10. 10. TWO FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT 1. CONSTITUENT – Compulsory function 2. MINISTRANT- Discretionary function JUN DUMAUG
  11. 11. ADMINISTRATION Refers to the group of persons in whose hands the reins of the government are held for the time being. JUN DUMAUG
  12. 12. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT A. According to the number of People who rule 1. MONARCHY 2. OLIGARCHY 3. DEMOCRACY JUN DUMAUG
  13. 13. JUN DUMAUG
  14. 14. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT B. According to the relationship between the National & Local 1. FEDERAL 2. UNITARY JUN DUMAUG
  15. 15. JUN DUMAUG
  16. 16. JUN DUMAUG
  17. 17. JUN DUMAUG
  18. 18. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT C. According to the status of those who hold the rein of Government 1. CIVIL 2. MILITARY JUN DUMAUG
  19. 19. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT D. According to the Relationship between the Executive & Legislature 1. PARLIAMENTARY 2. PRESIDENTIAL JUN DUMAUG
  20. 20. JUN DUMAUG
  21. 21. JUN DUMAUG
  22. 22. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT E. OTHER FORMS 1. DESPOTIC 2. TOTALITARIAN 3. REPUBLICAN 4. CONSTITUTIONAL 5. DE JURE 6. DE FACTO 7. REVOLUTIONARY JUN DUMAUG
  23. 23. JUN DUMAUG
  24. 24. JUN DUMAUG
  25. 25. JUN DUMAUG
  26. 26. JUN DUMAUG
  27. 27. JUN DUMAUG
  28. 28. EXECUTE, IMPLEMENT, ENFORCE LAW-MAKING, FORMULATION OF POLICIES INTERPRET LAWS, JUSTICE PRESIDENT, GOVERNOR, MAYOR, PUNONG BARANGAY, SK CHAIRMAN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SENATORS, BOARD MEMBERS, COUNCILORS INTERPRET LAWS, JUSTICE JUSTICES, JUDGES JUN DUMAUG
  29. 29. JUN DUMAUG
  30. 30. JUN DUMAUG
  31. 31. JUN DUMAUG
  32. 32. JUN DUMAUG
  33. 33. JUN DUMAUG
  34. 34. JUN DUMAUG
  35. 35. JUN DUMAUG
  36. 36. JUN DUMAUG
  37. 37. JUN DUMAUG
  38. 38. JUN DUMAUG
  39. 39. JUN DUMAUG
  40. 40. JUN DUMAUG
  41. 41. JUN DUMAUG
  42. 42. JUN DUMAUG
  43. 43. National Government Province Highly Urbanized, Chartered, Independent City Component City Municipality Barangay Barangay JUN DUMAUG
  44. 44. National Government REGION Province Highly Urbanized, Chartered, Independent City Component City Municipality Barangay Barangay Congressional District Congressional District JUN DUMAUG
  45. 45. 1 President of the Republic of the Philippines 229 Congressional/Legislative Districts 17 Regions 81 Provinces 33 Highly Urbanized Cities 5 Independent Component Cities 84 Component Cities 1,494 Municipalities 42,000 BarangaysJUN DUMAUG
  46. 46. JUN DUMAUG
  47. 47. 1.SEPARATION OF POWERS 2. SYSTEM OF CHECK AND BALANCE 3.BLENDING OF POWERS PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE OPERATIONS OF GOVERNMENTAL POWERS (3 BRANCHES) JUN DUMAUG
  48. 48. JUN DUMAUG
  49. 49. POLICE POWER is the power of promoting the general welfare by restraining and regulating the use of liberty and property. Basis is the latin maxim salus populi est suprema lex (the general welfare is the supreme law) JUN DUMAUG
  50. 50. EMINENT DOMAIN enables the State to acquire private property upon payment of just compensation for some intended public use. JUN DUMAUG
  51. 51. TAXATION it means the State is able to demand from the members of society their proportionate share or contribution in the maintenance of the government. JUN DUMAUG
  52. 52. INHERENT IN THE STATE JUN DUMAUG
  53. 53. JUN DUMAUG
  54. 54. JUN DUMAUG
  55. 55. JUN DUMAUG
  56. 56. JUN DUMAUG
  57. 57. SIMILARITIES OF THE 3 FUNDAMENTAL POWERS  NOT ONLY NECESSARY BUT INDISPENSABLE  METHODS TO INTERFERE PRIVATE RIGHTS  PRESUPPOSES AN EQUIVALENT COMPENSATION  EXERCISED BY LEGISLATURE JUN DUMAUG
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