CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
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CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT

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CONCEPT OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CONCEPT OF STATEAND GOVERNMENT
  • 2. According to James Garner, the STATEis a community of persons more orless numerous occupying a definiteportion of territory completely freeof external control and possessingan organized government to which agreat body of inhabitants renderhabitual obedience.
  • 3. STATE VS. NATION
  • 4. FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OFSTATE:1. People2. Territory3. Sovereignty4. Government
  • 5. Peoplerefer to the inhabitantsof the state. There is no strictrequirement on their number, butthey must be of sufficient numberto be self-sufficing.
  • 6. Territory is a fixed portion on thesurface of the earth inhabited bythe people of the state.
  • 7. Sovereignty is the supreme anduncontrollable power inherent in a State.
  • 8. 2 KINDS OF SOVEREIGNTY1. Legal- is the authority which has the power to issue finalcommands;2. 2. Political – is the power behind the legal sovereign, or the sumtotal of the influences that operate it.
  • 9. Government is the instrumentthat provides mechanisms indetermining, formulating, andimplementing the policies of thestate. It is the essential instrumentor machinery of the state thatcarries out its will, purposes andobjectives.
  • 10. TWO FUNCTIONS OFGOVERNMENT1. CONSTITUENT – Compulsoryfunction2. MINISTRANT- Discretionaryfunction
  • 11. ADMINISTRATIONRefers to thegroup ofpersons inwhose handsthe reins of thegovernment areheld for thetime being.
  • 12. FORMS OF GOVERNMENTA. According to thenumber of Peoplewho rule1. MONARCHY2. OLIGARCHY3. DEMOCRACY
  • 13. FORMS OFGOVERNMENTB. According totherelationshipbetween theNational &Local1. FEDERAL2. UNITARY
  • 14. FORMS OF GOVERNMENTC. According to the status ofthose who hold the rein ofGovernment1. CIVIL2. MILITARY
  • 15. FORMS OFGOVERNMENTD. According to theRelationshipbetween theExecutive &Legislature1. PARLIAMENTARY2. PRESIDENTIAL
  • 16. FORMS OF GOVERNMENTE. OTHER FORMS1. DESPOTIC2. TOTALITARIAN3. REPUBLICAN4. CONSTITUTIONAL5. DE JURE6. DE FACTO7. REVOLUTIONARY
  • 17. EXECUTE, IMPLEMENT,ENFORCELAW-MAKING,FORMULATION OFPOLICIES INTERPRET LAWS,JUSTICEPRESIDENT, GOVERNOR,MAYOR, PUNONGBARANGAY, SKCHAIRMANMEMBERS OF THEHOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVES,SENATORS, BOARDMEMBERS, COUNCILORSINTERPRET LAWS,JUSTICEJUSTICES, JUDGES
  • 18. 1.SEPARATION OF POWERS2. SYSTEM OF CHECK AND BALANCE3.BLENDING OF POWERSPRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE OPERATIONSOF GOVERNMENTAL POWERS(3 BRANCHES)
  • 19. POLICE POWER is thepower of promotingthe general welfareby restraining andregulating the useof liberty andproperty. Basis isthe latin maximsalus populi estsuprema lex (thegeneral welfare isthe supreme law)
  • 20. EMINENTDOMAINenables theState toacquireprivateproperty uponpayment ofjustcompensationfor someintendedpublic use.
  • 21. TAXATION it means theState is able todemand from themembers of societytheir proportionateshare or contributionin the maintenanceof the government.
  • 22. INHERENT IN THE STATE
  • 23. SIMILARITIES OF THE 3FUNDAMENTAL POWERS NOT ONLY NECESSARY BUT INDISPENSABLE METHODS TO INTERFERE PRIVATE RIGHTS PRESUPPOSES AN EQUIVALENTCOMPENSATION EXERCISED BY LEGISLATURE