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CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS
CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS
CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS
CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS
CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS
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CLASS REPORTS: PLATO TO ST. TOMAS AQUINAS

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  • 1. PlatoThe RepublicDate of Submission of Powerpoint and Written Report: June 22, 2013Powerpoint: Not less than 8 and not more than 10 slidesWritten Report: Not less than 10 and not more than 15 pages, Short bond paper,Arial Narrow, 12 font size, 1.5 spacingSubmit it online to junpolsci@gmail.comDate of Group Report: June 25, 2013A. Introduce the report by briefly discussing Platos notions about democracyOn his "doctrine of the expert,"2. His premise that “Either the trained must rule, or the untrained must rule.”Expound to the Class Platos Forms of Government from The RepublicB. Discuss the following forms of Government: Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy (orPlutocracy), Democracy and Tyranny (or Despotism)End the Topic on Plato’s Forms of Government by sharing to the class your group’sunderstanding on the following quote:“...the truth being that the excessive increase of anything often causes a reaction in theopposite direction; and this is the case not only in the seasons and in vegetable andanimal life, but above all in forms of government.True.The excess of liberty, whether in States or individuals, seems only to pass into excess ofslavery.Yes, the natural order. And so tyranny naturally arises out of democracy, and the mostaggravated form of tyranny and slavery out of the most extreme form of liberty?As we might expect.”C. Close the Report by discuss Plato’s Theme of Justice guided by the following questionsand on how you are going to apply this theme to the current realities in the Philippines.Citing an example is enjoined.1. Is justice unconditionally speaking the truth and paying one’s debt?2. Is justice to give to each what is owed to him (Simonides)?3. Is justice the advantage of the stronger?4. Does an unjust person live better than a just one?5. Socrates’ position: “Injustice is never more profitable than justice.”6. Which of the two is virtue and wisdom: justice or injustice?7. Does injustice make a person powerful?8. Do just people live better and are they happier than unjust people?Sources of the Outline and Guide Questions: Various syllabus available on-line
  • 2. Aristotle’sPoliticsDate of Submission of Powerpoint and Written Report: June 24, 2013Powerpoint: Not less than 8 and not more than 10 slidesWritten Report: Not less than 10 and not more than 15 pages, Short bond paper,Arial Narrow, 12 font size, 1.5 spacingSubmit it online to junpolsci@gmail.comDate of Group Report: June 28, 2013I. Introduce the report by describing Aristotle’s stateA. The form of the state (constitution)B. The matter of the state (citizens)C. Good citizen v. good man: goodness of citizen relative to regimeD. Who is a citizen?II. Expound Aristotle’s Forms of government in the classA. True forms of government and their perversionsRule by the True Forms PerversionOne Monarchy/Kingship TyrannyFew Aristocracy OligarchyMany Polity/Constitutional Govt DemocracyB. Principles upon which each regime is based—how political powers are distributed?C. What is the best regime? (depends on composition of citizenry)D. Polity/constitutional governmentIII. Close the Report by presenting the Purpose of politics and its application in the Philippines.A. Managing conflict1. Class-based political conflict2. Distributive justice: competing claims about the distribution of goods and honor3. Aristotle’s proposal for managing conflicta. All regimes should draw on all relevant conceptions of justice, especially those of richand poor, to bring about stability and justiceb. Give all groups an interest in preserving the constitutionc. Laws aim at happiness and excellence of citizensd. Just regime is not necessarily a perfect or virtuous regimeSources of the Outline and Guide Questions: Syllabus available on-line
  • 3. St. Agustine of HippoCity of GodDate of Submission of Powerpoint and Written Report: June 28, 2013Powerpoint: Not less than 8 and not more than 10 slidesWritten Report: Not less than 10 and not more than 15 pages, Short bond paper,Arial Narrow, 12 font size, 1.5 spacingSubmit it online to junpolsci@gmail.comDate of Group Report: July 2, 2013A. Introduced the report by briefly discussing the “Two Cities” as one of the foundational political concepts ofAugustinian Political “Theory”.Briefly discuss the philosophy of St. Augustine on Divine vs. Human Justice and the origins of evil.B. Expound the thoughts of St. Augustine on “War and Peace” guided by the following topics.1. War Among Nations2. War and Human Nature3. The Just War4. Jus Ad Bellum and Jus In Bello5. Augustine’s conception of Peace. Explain his argument that the purpose of war is peace.6. Justice and StateC. Close the report by relating the idea of St. Agustine on just war to 2 contemporary issues in the Philippines.Whether or not war is necessary to resolve the issues? If war will erupt, will it be considered as a just war onthe part of the Philippines?It is suggested you may cite the encroachment of the Chinese in the West Philippine Sea and the incident inSabah involving the followers of the Sultan of SuluSources of the Outline and Guide Questions: Syllabus available online.
  • 4. St. Thomas AquinasSumma Theologica: JUST WAR THEORYDate of Submission of Powerpoint and Written Report: July 1, 2013Powerpoint: Not less than 8 and not more than 10 slidesWritten Report: Not less than 10 and not more than 15 pages, Short bond paper,Arial Narrow, 12 font size, 1.5 spacingSubmit it online to junpolsci@gmail.comDate of Group Report: July 5, 2013D. Introduce your report by presenting to the class the result of the survey. Ask your classmates of theirjustification about war. Tally the result and discuss it first in your group and then the result in the class. Givethe names in a piece of paper of those who participated in the survey. This is the question.Is there a justification for Acts of War?What do you think? Yes No in self defense to protect innocent life to protect human rights to overcome other forms of evil only if you will probably win only as a last resort, after all peaceful alternatives have been exhausted acts of war can never be satisfiedIn your group discussion and in presenting the result, you must encourage the class to explain theiranswers. Value the importance of listening to other perspective even when you or your group feels that hisanswer is wrong.E. Expound Aquinas’ objections to war with the following important guiding questions7. Aquinas stressed that the primary reasons why the Christians do not agree to war are based on thebelief that war is against God’s wishes and is always sinful.8. Discuss each of Aquinas’ requirements for just war.9. As an important area of interest to be discussed, share to the class Aquinas’ question ‘Whether it isalways sinful to wage war’ following the four points:a. Whether some kind of war is lawfulb. Whether it is lawful for clerics to fight?c. Whether it is lawful or belligerents to lay ambushes?d. Whether it is lawful to fight on holy days?
  • 5. F. Close the report by applying the idea of St. Thomas Aquinas on just war to 4 contemporary issues in thePhilippines. Whether or not war is necessary to resolve the issues? If war will erupt, will it be considered asa just war on the part of the Philippines?It is suggested you may cite the incident the recent attacks of the New People’s Army and the country’sconflict with Taiwan.Sources of the Outline and Guide Questions: Syllabus available online.

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