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Vocabulary and grammar presentation
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Vocabulary and grammar presentation



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  • 1. Vocabulary and Grammar Presentation pedagogía Psic. Julio Cabrales Nevárez Doff, Adrian (1993). Teach English. A training course for teachers. Trainer’s Handbook. Cambridge University Press. Great Britain.
  • 2. Objectives
    • To establish the importance of teaching the meaning of new vocabulary as well as the form, and showing how words are used in context.
    • To share techniques for showing the meaning of new words.
    • To share ways of showing the meaning of new structures as well as their form.
    • To help you think of your own situations and examples to present new structures.
  • 3. Techniques for teaching NEW WORDS
    • Say the word clearly and write it on the board.
    • Get the class to repeat the word in chorus.
    • Translate the word into the students’ own language.
    • Ask students to translate the new word
    • Draw a picture to show what the new word means.
    • Give an english example to show how the word is used.
    • Ask questions using the new words.
    Which are the most useful techniques? Can you think of any other techniques you could use?
  • 4. Showing the meaning of words
    • 1. Real objects
    • Pointing
    • Showing
    • 2. Picture
    • Drawing on board
    • Showing a visual
    • 3. Body
    • Miming actions
    • Facial expressions
    • Making sounds
    • Exaggerated actions
    • 4. Context
    • Making up situations
    • Presenting the word in a sentence or more
    • Synonyms
    • Antonyms
    • 5. A combination of different techniques
  • 5. Meaning in context
    • market
    • clothes
    • noisy
    • look for
    • visit
    • happiness
    • impossible
    • You can buy food at the market
    • In the morning we put on our clothes
    • Students are often very noisy
    • I’m look ing for my pen
    • Last weekend I visit ed my uncle
    • He was full of happiness
    • Your plan is quite impossible
    What other techniques could you use (pictures, mime, more sentences, etc) to make the meaning of each word clearer?
  • 6. Combining different techniques
    • Look at these words. Decide exactly how you would present each one. If possible think of a variety of techniques:
    • Laugh
    • Absent
    • Cheese
    • Cold
    • Apron
    • Wall
  • 7. Techniques for teaching STRUCTURES
    • Look at each sentence. Identify the structure. Think of two or three more examples for each structure.
    • Shall I open the window?
    • He seems to be rich
    • Is there any tea?
    • I used to live in the country
    • She’s writing a letter
    • The room was so dark that I couldn’t see anything
  • 8. Showing the meaning of a structure
    • When we present a structure, it is important to:
    • Show what the structure means and how it is used, by giving examples;
    • Show clearly how the structure is formed, so that students can use it to make sentences of their own.
    • How?
    • Create situations in class
    • Use situations from outside the class
  • 9. -er than not as... As...
    • Teacher A
    • I talked about two buildings in the town (The post office is bigger than the bank)
    • Teacher C
    • I called a tall and a short student to the front and compared them (Ana is taller than María)
    • Teacher B
    • I drew lines on the board (Line a is longer than b)
    • Teacher D
    • I drew pictures of two men on the board and compared them (Hani is taller than Abdou)
  • 10. Showing form and meaning
    • As well as making it clear how a structure is used and what it means, it is also important to show how it is formed. There are 2 basic ways of doing this.
    • How? Some ideas...
    • Pattern structures
    • Highlight main structure
    • Get dictation from students
    • Emphasize time expressions
    • Use known people or objects
    • Try to use all variations of verb form depending on pronoun use
  • 11. Written Structure presentation
    • Discuss in team how you would fix this written presentation to make it clearer. Rewrite the sentences.
    • Past progressive
    • I was wating
    • My mom was cooking
    • It was sleeping
    • My father was talking
    • My sister was playing