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Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki
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Reimer 2012 Journalism and the GuttenPlag-Wiki

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Presentation on the GuttenPlag-Wiki, its contributors and their relationship as bearers of secondary performance roles in the journalism system to traditional journalists (primary performance roles) …

Presentation on the GuttenPlag-Wiki, its contributors and their relationship as bearers of secondary performance roles in the journalism system to traditional journalists (primary performance roles) at HBI-/CCI-Workshop in Hamburg on July 26th, 2012.

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  • 1. The GuttenPlag-Wikiand Its Contributors Julius Reimer, M.A. Hamburg, July 26th 2012
  • 2. Agenda•  The GuttenPlag-Wiki: A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal•  The GuttenPlag-Activists, part 1: Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey•  The GuttenPlag-Activists, part 2: Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism 2
  • 3. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg,former German minister of defence (2009-2011) 3
  • 4. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg, zu Guttenberg (2009):former German minister of defence „Constitution and Constitutional (2009-2011) Treaty: Constitutional Developments in the US and EU“ 4
  • 5. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal Karl Theodor (...) zu Guttenberg, ??? zu Guttenberg (2009):former German minister of defence „Constitution and Constitutional (2009-2011) Treaty: Constitutional Developments in the US and EU“ 5
  • 6. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 6
  • 7. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others startProf. of law GuttenPlag- The GuttenPlag- wikiAndreas crowd has identifiedFischer- GuttenPlag- ~180 wiki countsLescano finds > 230,000 UV plagiarisms on the 435 zu Guttenberg resignsfirst plagiarism and ~ 2 mio. PI pagesin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuth takes away zudissertation Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 7
  • 8. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 8
  • 9. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- crowd has wiki identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 9
  • 10. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV zu Guttenberg on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 10
  • 11. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has GuttenPlag- identifiedProf. of law wiki counts ~180Andreas plagiarismsFischer- > 230,000 UV on the 435 zu Guttenberg resignsLescano findsfirst plagiarism and pagesin zu ~ 2 mio. PI Univ. ofGuttenberg’sdissertation (Quantcast.com) Bayreuth takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 11
  • 12. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and The others start GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag-Andreas wiki counts ~180Fischer- > 230,000 UV zu GuttenbergLescano finds and plagiarisms resignsfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PI on the 435in zu (Quantcast.com)Guttenberg’s pages Univ. of Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 12
  • 13. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag- ~180Andreas wiki counts plagiarisms zu GuttenbergFischer- > 230,000 UV Univ. of on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PI Bayreuthin zuGuttenberg’s (Quantcast.com) takes away zudissertation Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 13
  • 14. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “PlagDoc” and others start The GuttenPlag- GuttenPlag- wiki crowd has identifiedProf. of law GuttenPlag-Andreas wiki counts ~180 plagiarisms zu GuttenbergFischer- > 230,000 UV on the 435 resignsLescano finds and pagesfirst plagiarism ~ 2 mio. PIin zu (Quantcast.com) Univ. ofGuttenberg’s Bayreuthdissertation takes away zu Guttenberg’s doctorate in law (...) (...) (...) (...) 14
  • 15. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal 15
  • 16. A Social Web Phenomenon Fuelling a Scandal “This develops a great power, a ‘wham’; we cannot keep up with this.” (Interv. with Hauke Janssen (Der Spiegel), Mar 3rd 2011; transl.: JR) 16
  • 17. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Key results•  Questionnaire online for 48h (Feb 20th-22nd, 2011)•  1,034 respondents•  Average age of respondents: 38.1 yrs.•  Only 17.6 % female•  “Educated swarm”: 63.6 % have university degree•  18.8 % even have a doctor’s degree•  Core group of 143 active users (15.3 %) who searched for plagiarisms, classified them and organised work (735≤n≤932) 17
  • 18. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Motivations•  62.1 %: Concern about the reputation of (German) science and the “worth” of a PhD title•  45.8 %: Aversion to zu Guttenberg himself or his reaction to the accusations (n=227) 18
  • 19. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Political orientation Active “core group”: 121≤n≤123 Passive recipients: 659≤n≤672 (Source: Ruppert/Reimer 2011: 78) 19
  • 20. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Attention•  “How did you hear about the wiki?” via traditional mass 9,6% media 26,3% 18,8% via a traditional mass mediums website 13,4% via "new media", e.g. 31,9% blog, social network via mail, phone, face-to- face etc. no comment (n=849) 20
  • 21. Results of a Spontaneous Online Survey Attention economics•  Traditional journalism played an important role: 1.  Founders of the wiki heard about the plagiarism accusations via traditional mass media. 2.  Most of the other wiki-users heard about the platform via traditional mass media. 21
  • 22. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism(Primary) Audienceperformance roles:roles: ReceivingEffecting the the system‘ssystem’s performanceperformance 22
  • 23. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism(Primary) “Secondary performance Audienceperformance roles are a kind of roles:roles: activist alternative to a ReceivingEffecting the mere audience status.” the system‘ssystem’s (Stichweh 2005: 35; transl.: JR) performanceperformance SPRs imitate PPRs‘ practices. (Cf. Stichweh 2005: 37; Burzan et al. 2005, 2008; Volkmann 2010) 23
  • 24. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7plagiarisms %Classify 35.7plagiarisms %Comment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 24
  • 25. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checkingClassify 35.7plagiarisms %Comment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 25
  • 26. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checking Aggregation,Classify 35.7 Classification,plagiarisms % OrientationComment 57.3on posts % 0% 50% 100% 26
  • 27. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism GuttenPlag JournalismSearch for 79.7 Research,plagiarisms % fact-checking Aggregation,Classify 35.7 Classification,plagiarisms % OrientationComment 57.3 Commenting,on posts % Interpretations 0% 50% 100% = journalistic selection- and presentation-programmes (cf. Blöbaum 1994, 2000) 27
  • 28. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience no role 28
  • 29. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicalityAutonomyPublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 29
  • 30. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔AutonomyPublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 30
  • 31. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔PublicityWide range of topicsPeriodicity 31
  • 32. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topicsPeriodicity 32
  • 33. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topics –Periodicity 33
  • 34. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlagTopicality ✔Autonomy ✔Publicity ✔Wide range of topics –Periodicity – 34
  • 35. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Identity indicators of journalism (Neuberger 2009: 62) Journalism GuttenPlag Topicality ✔ Autonomy ✔ Publicity ✔ Wide range of topics – Periodicity –Periodicity and a wide range of topics can only be achieved within the framework of a journalistic organisation. (Cf. also Luhmann 2005) 35
  • 36. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience no role Member of a journalistic no yes organisation 36
  • 37. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Processing journalisticprogrammes Secondary Primary yes performance performance role role Audience Journalist- no role recipient Member of a journalistic no yes organisation 37
  • 38. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Organisation (performance roles) Bearer of audience roles Environment (audience roles) Bearer of performance roles 38
  • 39. Secondary Performance Roles in Journalism Organisation (performance roles) Secondary performance roles Bearer of audience roles Environment (audience roles) Bearer of performance roles 39
  • 40. AdvertisementReimer, J./Ruppert, M. (forthcoming): GuttenPlag-Wiki und Journalismus: dasVerhältnis eines neuen Medienakteurs im Social Web zu den traditionellenMassenmedien [GuttenPlag-Wiki and Journalism: the Relationship of a NewMedia Actor in the Social Web to Traditional Mass Media]. In: Dolata, U./Schrape, J.-F. (Eds.): Das Internet und der Wandel von Medienwelten [TheInternet and the Change of Media Worlds]. Berlin: Edition Sigma 40
  • 41. Thank you for your attention. References•  Blöbaum, B. 1994: Journalismus als soziales System. Geschichte, Ausdifferenzierung und Verselbständigung. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag•  Blöbaum, B. 2000: Organisationen, Programme und Rollen. Die Struktur des Journalismus. In: Löffelholz, M. (Ed.): Theorien des Journalismus. Ein diskursives Handbuch. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, S. 169–183•  Burzan, N./Lökenhoff, B. /Schimank, U. /Schöneck, N. M. 2005: Inklusionsprofile. Eine differenzierungstheoretische Sozialstrukturanalyse Deutschlands. Hagen: FernUniversität Hagen•  Burzan, N./Lökenhoff, B./Schimank, U./Schöneck, N. M. 2008: Das Publikum der Gesellschaft. Inklusionsverhältnisse und Inklusionsprofile in Deutschland. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag•  Luhmann, N. 2005: Interaktion, Organisation, Gesellschaft. Anwendungen der Systemtheorie. In: Ders.: Soziologische Aufklärung 2. Aufsätze zur Theorie der Gesellschaft. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 9–24•  Neuberger, C. 2009: Internet, Journalismus und Öffentlichkeit. Analyse des Medienumbruchs. In: Neuberger, C./Nuernbergk, C./Rischke, M. (Eds.): Journalismus im Internet. Profession – Partizipation – Technisierung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 19–105•  Ruppert, M./Reimer, J. 2011: Im Schwarm. In: Journalist, Jg. 62, H. 4, S. 76–80•  Stichweh, R. 2005: Inklusion und Exklusion. Studien zur Gesellschaftstheorie. Bielefeld: Transcript•  Volkmann, U. 2010: Sekundäre Leistungsrolle. Eine differenzierungstheoretische Einordnung des Prosumenten am Beispiel des ‚Leser-Reporters‘. In: Blättel-Mink, B./Hellmann, K. (Eds.): Prosumer Revisited. Zur Aktualität einer Debatte. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, S. 206–220 41
  • 42. Thank you for your attention. Picture credits•  Plagiarism barcode: URL: http://de.guttenplag.wikia.com/ (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Photo of zu Guttenberg: Peter Weis, URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/ Karl-Theodor_Freiherr_von_und_zu_Guttenberg.jpg (accessed Jul 25th 2011)•  Dissertation cover: URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/ Cover_KT_Diss_Print.png (accessed Jul 25th 2011)•  Article on Sueddeutsch.de: URL: http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/plagiatsvorwurf-gegen- verteidigungsminister-guttenberg-soll-bei-doktorarbeit-abgeschrieben-haben-1.1060774 (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Plagiarism in the opening of the dissertation: URL: http://de.guttenplag.wikia.com/wiki/Seite_015 (accessed Jul 25th 2011; screenshot: JR)•  Figure “Political orientation”: Ruppert/Reimer 2011: 78 Other sources•  Interview with Hauke Janssen (Der Spiegel), Mar 3rd, 2011•  Quantcast.com 42
  • 43. Thank you for your attention. Julius Reimer, M.A. Hans-Bredow-Institut Warburgstraße 8-10 20354 Hamburgj.reimer@hans-bredow-institut.de @jpub20team @julius_reimer 43

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