• In most public and private schools, education is divi-ded into three levels: o ELEMENTARY SCHOOL o MIDDLE SCHOOL (sometimes called Junior H. school) o HIGH SCHOOL (sometimes referred to as Se- condary education).• The country has a reading literacy rate at 99% of thepopulation over age 15.• Children are divided by age groups into grades,ranging from kindergarten (followed by first grade)for the youngest children in elementary school, up totwelfth grade, the final year of high school.• Post-secondary education, better known as “college”in the United States, is generally governed separatelyfrom the elementary and high school system.• The American educational system comprises 12grades of study over 12 calendar years of primary andsecondary education before graduating.
• After pre-kindergarten and kindergarten, there arefive years in primary school (normally known as ele-mentary school). After completing five grades, thestudent will enter junior high or middle school andthen high school to get the high school diploma.• The U.S. uses ordinal numbers (e.g., first grade) foridentifying grades , for example: elementary school(k-5), middle school (6-8), and high school (9-12).• Students completing high school may choose to a-ttend a college or university. Undergraduate degreesmay be either associate’s degrees or bachelor’s de-grees (baccalaureate)• Most public institutions are state universities, whichare sponsored by state governments and typically re-ceive funding through some combination of taxpayerfunds, tuition, private donations, federal grants, andproceeds from endowments.• Typically those with a bachelor’s degree, may choseto continue on to graduate or professional school.Graduate degrees may be either master’s degrees ordoctorates. Academia-focused graduate school typi-cally includes some combination of coursework andresearch (often requiring a thesis or dissertation),while professional school (e.g., medical, law, business)grants a first professional degree and aims to preparestudents to enter a learned profession.
• Child education is compulsory. Educational stan-dards and standardized testing decisions are usuallymade by state governments.• It begins from ages five to eight and ends from agesfourteen to eighteen.• Most children enter the public education systemaround ages five or six. The American school year tra-ditionally begins at the end of August or the day afterLabor Day in September, after the traditional summerrecess. Children are assigned into year groups knownas grades, beginning with preschool, followed bykindergarten and culminating in twelfth grade, uponreaching the end of each school year in late May orearly June.• Teachers worked from about 35 to 46 hours a week.• Elementary schools start at 7:30, middle schools/ju-nior high school start at 8:15 and senior high schoolsat 9:00. While elementary schools start earlier, theyalso finish earlier, at 2:25, middle schools at 3:10 andsenior high schools at 3:55. All school districts esta-blish their own times and means of transportationwithin guidelines set by their own state.
• Elementary School Schedule / 8 am-3 pm• Cafeteria service / $64 (semester) E.g: -Breakfast and Lunch: Egg & Cheese Omlet / Toast / Fruit Juice / Mandarin Chicken / Brown Rice / Stir Fry Veggies Apples (all day)• Children don´t wear uniforms (with the exception ofPrivate schools)• Lockers service (Junior High School) / $5 (semester)
• “Middle school” usually includes sixth, seventh andeighth grade; “Junior high” typically includes seventh,eighth, and ninth grades.• At this time, students are given more independence,moving to different classrooms for different subjects,and being allowed to choose some of their classsubjects (electives). Usually, starting in ninth grade,grades become part of a student’s official transcript.• High school usually runs either from 9th through12th, or 10th through 12th grade. The students inthese grades are commonly referred to as freshmen(grade 9), sophomores (grade 10), juniors (grade 11)and seniors (grade 12).• The following minimum courses of study in man-datory subjects are required in nearly all U.S. highschools: o Science (usually three years minimum, normally biology, chemistry and physics) o Mathematics (usually four years minimum, nor- mally including algebra, geometry, pre-calculus, statistics, and even calculus) o English (usually four years minimum, including literature, humanities, composition, oral lan- guages, etc.)
o Social sciences (usually three years minimum, including various history, government and eco- nomics courses) o Physical education (at least two years) o Foreign language and some form of art education are also a mandatory part of the curriculum in some schools.ElectivesCommon types of electives include:o Computers (programming, graphic design)o Athletics (football, baseball, basketball, track &field, swimming, tennis, gymnastics, water polo, soc-cer, softball, wrestling, cheerleading, volleyball, fieldhockey, ice hockey, crew, boxing, snowboarding, golf,mountain biking, marching band)o Career and Technical Education (Agriculture/Agri-science, Business/Marketing, Family and ConsumerScience, Health Occupations, and Technology Educa-tion, including Publishing (journalism/student news-paper, yearbook/annual, literary magazine))o Performing Arts/Visual Arts, (choir, band, orchestra,drama, art, ceramics, photography, and dance)o Foreign languages (Spanish and French are common;Chinese, Latin, Ancient Greek, German, Italian, Arabic,and Japanese are less common)
Private Schools• Private schools in the United States include paro-chial schools (affiliated with religious denominations),non-profit independent schools, and for-profit privateschools.College and University.• Post-secondary education in the United States isknown as “college” or “university” and commonly con-sists of four years of study at an institution of higherlearning.• Most colleges also consider more subjective factorssuch as a commitment to extracurricular activities, apersonal essay, and an interview.• The difference between a college and a universityis that a college just offers a collection of degrees inone specific area while a university is a collection ofcolleges. When you go to a university you are goingto be graduating from one of their colleges, such asthe business college. As to which is better, it dependson what you want. Single colleges tend to be smallerwhile universities are bigger, but universities are be-tter known.
• Once admitted, students engage in undergraduatestudy, which consists of satisfying university and classrequirements to achieve a bachelor’s degree in a fieldof concentration known as a major.• Graduate study, conducted after obtaining an initialdegree and sometimes after several years of profe-ssional work, leads to a more advanced degree suchas a master’s degree, which could be a Master of Arts(MA), Master of Science (MS), Master of BusinessAdministration (MBA), or other less common mas-ter’s degrees such as Master of Education (MEd), andMaster of Fine Arts (MFA). Some students pursue agraduate degree that is in between a master’s degreeand a doctoral degree called a Specialist in Education(Ed.S.).• After additional years of study and sometimes inconjunction with the completion of a master’s degreeand/or Ed.S. degree, students may earn a Doctor ofPhilosophy (Ph.D.)Costs o Public University (4 years): $27,967 (per year) o Private University (4 years): $40,476 (per year)Total, four year schooling: o Public University: $111,868 o Private University: $161,904