BIRTH november 1918KAISSER Wilhem abdicated in november 1918.
BIRTH november 1918The REPUBLIC was proclamed:- Democratic parlamentary Republic.- First President: FRIEDRICH EBERT.- Wrote in Weimar.
OPPOSITION from the leftThe success of Lenin in Russia boostedcommunist.SPARTACISTS rebelion: Led by Rosa LuxemburgKarl Liebknecht(later renamedGerman CommunistParty)wanted Germany to be run by soviets
OPPOSITION from the left
OPPOSITION from the leftEBERT asked for help to FREIKORPS(volunter military units)they defeated Spartacists
OPOSSITION from theright- Some people were furious with the WeimarRepublic for having surrendered in the FirstWorld War, and wanted to return to the daysof a German Empire being run by a Kaiser- March 1920: KAPP PUTSCH: failed copu d
ECONOMIC PROBLEMSTreaty of Versailles:- Germany had to pay reparations.- Germany lost territories.
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS1921 Germany paid 50 million pounds1922 nothing was paidFRANCE ocuppied the Ruhr (raw materials)
ECONOMIC PROBLEMSTo solve the problem of the debt:Goverment: Expansionary Monetary PolicyINFLATION (devaluation of themark)
ECONOMIC PROBLEMThe Goverment tried to solve the problem:1924- new Mark (burned the old one)- recieved American loans- negociated the reparation payments