BIRTH november 1918KAISSER Wilhem abdicated in november 1918.
BIRTH november 1918The REPUBLIC was proclamed:- Democratic parlamentary Republic.- First President: FRIEDRICH EBERT.- Wrote in Weimar.
OPPOSITION from the leftThe success of Lenin in Russia boostedcommunist.SPARTACISTS rebelion: Led by Rosa LuxemburgKarl Liebknecht(later renamedGerman CommunistParty)wanted Germany to be run by soviets
OPPOSITION from the leftEBERT asked for help to FREIKORPS(volunter military units)they defeated Spartacists
OPOSSITION from theright- Some people were furious with the WeimarRepublic for having surrendered in the FirstWorld War, and wanted to return to the daysof a German Empire being run by a Kaiser- March 1920: KAPP PUTSCH: failed copu d
ECONOMIC PROBLEMSTreaty of Versailles:- Germany had to pay reparations.- Germany lost territories.
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS1921 Germany paid 50 million pounds1922 nothing was paidFRANCE ocuppied the Ruhr (raw materials)
ECONOMIC PROBLEMSTo solve the problem of the debt:Goverment: Expansionary Monetary PolicyINFLATION (devaluation of themark)