The american revolution

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Unit 1. Liberal Revolutions and Nationalism.
4º ESO Secciones Europeas. Geografía e Historia

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The american revolution

  1. 1. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  2. 2. BEFORE THE REVOLUTION• 13 colonies: ▫ reasonable self-goverment ▫ no representation in London
  3. 3. SEVEN YEARS´ WAR (AKA The French and Indian War) 1756-1763It was a world war: - GB -FRANCE - PORTUGAL VS. - AUSTRIA - PRUSSIA - SPAIN - RUSSIA
  4. 4. TREATY OF PARIS 1763
  5. 5. CONSEQUENCES 7 YEARS´ WAR- Bristish debt increased colonist must pay: INCREASE IN TAXES: - Sugar Act (1764) - Stamp Act (1765)
  6. 6. BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773SURPLUS of tea in India TAX for the sale of american tea
  7. 7. INTOLERABLE ACTS or COERCIVE ACTS 1774• British troops could lodge in private homes.• The goverment of Massachusetts stayed under the british control.
  8. 8. AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR (1775-1783)
  9. 9. CONTINENTAL ARMY• COMMANDER IN CHIEF: George Washington• SUPPORTED BY:  France  Spain
  10. 10. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE July 4th, 1776 • Continental Congress in Philadelphia • Signed by represents of the 13 colonies
  11. 11. JOHN ADAMS (HBO SERIE S01E02. 1h 17´35´´)
  12. 12. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE• Colonies were no longer a part of GB.• Declaration of rights ▫ “all men are created equals” ▫ “they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are LIFE, LIBERTY and THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS”
  13. 13. END OF THE WAR: TREATY OF PARIS, 1785• British goverment recognized the Independence.
  14. 14. UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION 1787• It is the same constitution since then, with some changes (AMENDMENTS).We the People  of the United States, in Order to  form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,  insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the  common defence, promote the general Welfare,  and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves  and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this  Constitution for the United States of America.
  15. 15. SEPARATION OF POWERS• EXECUTIVE BRANCH• LEGISLATIVE BRANCH• JUDICIAL BRANCH
  16. 16. EXECUTIVE: PRESIDENT OF THE US Is the Commander in chief Makes treaties with other nations - Recommends legislation to Congress. - Approves laws passed by Congress. - "Take care that the laws be faithfully executed"
  17. 17. LEGISLATIVE: US CONGRESSBICAMERAL:- SENATE (upper house)- HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (lower house)
  18. 18. JUDICIAL• Headed by the Supreme Court

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