Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin
Customer Perceptions of Service
 Customer Perceptions
 Customer Satisfaction
 Service Quality
 Service Encounters: The...
Objectives for Chapter 4:
Consumer Perceptions of Service
 Provide a solid basis for understanding what influences custom...
The customer is . . .
Anyone who receives the company’s services,
including:
 external customers (outside the organizatio...
Customer Perceptions of Quality and Customer
Satisfaction
4-5
Factors Influencing Customer Satisfaction
 Product quality
 Service quality
 Price
 Specific product or service featur...
ASQI and Market Value Added
4-7
Outcomes of Customer Satisfaction
Increased customer loyalty
Positive word-of-mouth communications
Increased revenues
...
Relationship between Customer Satisfaction and
Loyalty in Competitive Industries
4-9
BOTTOM 3 BOXES
Neutral to Very Dissatisfied
(7%)
Overall Satisfaction
with XYZ
(% of customers)
=
=
=
TOP BOX
Very Satisfi...
What is Service Quality?
The Customer Gap
 Service quality is the customer’s judgment of overall excellence of the servic...
Service Quality
The customer’s judgment of overall excellence
of the service provided in relation to the quality
that was...
The Five Dimensions of Service Quality
Ability to perform the promised service dependably
and accurately.
Knowledge and co...
Geek Squad’s Focus on Responsiveness
4-14
How Customers Judge the Five Dimensions of
Service Quality
4-15
 Providing service as promised
 Dependability in handling customers’
service problems
 Performing services right the fi...
Exercise to Identify Service Attributes
In groups of five, choose a services industry and spend 10 minutes
brainstorming s...
The Service Encounter
 is the “moment of truth”
 occurs any time the customer interacts with the firm
 can potentially ...
A Service Encounter Cascade for a
Hotel Visit
4-19
Sales Call
Ordering Supplies
Billing
Delivery and Installation
Servicing
A Service Encounter Cascade for an Industrial
Pur...
Service Encounters: An Opportunity to Build
Satisfaction and Quality
4-21
Common Themes in Critical
Service Encounters Research
Recovery: Adaptability:
Spontaneity:Coping:
employee response
to ser...
Recovery
4-23
Adaptability
4-24
Spontaneity
4-25
Coping
4-26
Technology-Based Service Encounters
Themes for satisfying SSTs
 The technology solved an intensified need
 The technolo...
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167 634828750198032967 chapter_4

  1. 1. Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin
  2. 2. Customer Perceptions of Service  Customer Perceptions  Customer Satisfaction  Service Quality  Service Encounters: The Building Blocks for Customer Perceptions Chapter 4 4-2
  3. 3. Objectives for Chapter 4: Consumer Perceptions of Service  Provide a solid basis for understanding what influences customer perceptions of service and the relationships among customer satisfaction, service quality, and individual service encounters.  Demonstrate the importance of customer satisfaction—what it is, the factors that influence it, and the significant outcomes resulting from it.  Develop critical knowledge of service quality and its five key dimensions: reliability, responsiveness, empathy, assurance, and tangibles.  Show that service encounters, or the “moments of truth” are the essential building blocks from which customers form their perceptions. 4-3
  4. 4. The customer is . . . Anyone who receives the company’s services, including:  external customers (outside the organization, business customers, suppliers, partners, end consumers)  internal customers (inside the organization, e.g., other departments, fellow employees) 4-4
  5. 5. Customer Perceptions of Quality and Customer Satisfaction 4-5
  6. 6. Factors Influencing Customer Satisfaction  Product quality  Service quality  Price  Specific product or service features  Consumer emotions  Attributions for service success or failure  Perceptions of equity or fairness  Other consumers, family members, and coworkers  Personal factors  Situational factors 4-6
  7. 7. ASQI and Market Value Added 4-7
  8. 8. Outcomes of Customer Satisfaction Increased customer loyalty Positive word-of-mouth communications Increased revenues Increased return to shareholders 4-8
  9. 9. Relationship between Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty in Competitive Industries 4-9
  10. 10. BOTTOM 3 BOXES Neutral to Very Dissatisfied (7%) Overall Satisfaction with XYZ (% of customers) = = = TOP BOX Very Satisfied (64%) SECOND BOX Somewhat Satisfied (29%) Definitely Will Repurchase from XYZ 96% 52% 7% All Customers Top Box Scores – A Higher Standard 44-point drop = = = Definitely Would Recommend XYZ 91% 36% 4% 55-point drop Source: Technical Assistance Research Bureau (TARP), 2007. 4-10
  11. 11. What is Service Quality? The Customer Gap  Service quality is the customer’s judgment of overall excellence of the service provided in relation to the quality that was expected. Expected Service Perceived Service Customer gap 4-11
  12. 12. Service Quality The customer’s judgment of overall excellence of the service provided in relation to the quality that was expected. Service quality assessments are formed on judgments of:  outcome quality  interaction quality  physical environment quality 4-12
  13. 13. The Five Dimensions of Service Quality Ability to perform the promised service dependably and accurately. Knowledge and courtesy of employees and their ability to inspire trust and confidence. Physical facilities, equipment, and appearance of personnel. Caring, individualized attention the firm provides its customers. Willingness to help customers and provide prompt service. Tangibles Reliability Responsiveness Assurance Empathy 4-13
  14. 14. Geek Squad’s Focus on Responsiveness 4-14
  15. 15. How Customers Judge the Five Dimensions of Service Quality 4-15
  16. 16.  Providing service as promised  Dependability in handling customers’ service problems  Performing services right the first time  Providing services at the promised time  Maintaining error-free records  Keeping customers informed as to when services will be performed  Prompt service to customers  Willingness to help customers  Readiness to respond to customers’ requests RELIABILITY RESPONSIVENESS  Employees who instill confidence in customers  Making customers feel safe in their transactions  Employees who are consistently courteous  Employees who have the knowledge to answer customer questions ASSURANCE  Giving customers individual attention  Employees who deal with customers in a caring fashion  Having the customer’s best interest at heart  Employees who understand the needs of their customers  Convenient business hours EMPATHY  Modern equipment  Visually appealing facilities  Employees who have a neat, professional appearance  Visually appealing materials associated with the service TANGIBLES SERVQUAL Attributes 4-16
  17. 17. Exercise to Identify Service Attributes In groups of five, choose a services industry and spend 10 minutes brainstorming specific requirements of customers in each of the five service quality dimensions. Be certain the requirements reflect the customer’s point of view. Reliability: Assurance: Tangibles: Empathy: Responsiveness: 4-17
  18. 18. The Service Encounter  is the “moment of truth”  occurs any time the customer interacts with the firm  can potentially be critical in determining customer satisfaction and loyalty  types of encounters:  remote encounters, phone encounters, face-to-face encounters  is an opportunity to:  build trust  reinforce quality  build brand identity  increase loyalty 4-18
  19. 19. A Service Encounter Cascade for a Hotel Visit 4-19
  20. 20. Sales Call Ordering Supplies Billing Delivery and Installation Servicing A Service Encounter Cascade for an Industrial Purchase 4-20
  21. 21. Service Encounters: An Opportunity to Build Satisfaction and Quality 4-21
  22. 22. Common Themes in Critical Service Encounters Research Recovery: Adaptability: Spontaneity:Coping: employee response to service delivery system failure employee response to customer needs and requests employee response to problem customers unprompted and unsolicited employee actions and attitudes 4-22
  23. 23. Recovery 4-23
  24. 24. Adaptability 4-24
  25. 25. Spontaneity 4-25
  26. 26. Coping 4-26
  27. 27. Technology-Based Service Encounters Themes for satisfying SSTs  The technology solved an intensified need  The technology was better than the alternative  The technology did its job Themes for dissatisfying SSTs  The technology itself failed  The process failed  The technology was poorly designed  The customer did not use the technology properly 4-27

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