SOME IMPORTANT POINTS • Definition and misconceptions • Implications to the learning process
MISCONCEPTIONS• AUTONOMY IS NOT • Working without supervision process • Feeling free to do anything • Just teaching strategies • Just outside the classroom • Individualism
SOME DEFINITIONSBergen Definition «Learning autonomy is characterized by a readiness to take charge of one’s own learning in the service of one’s needs and purposes»Holec «The ability to take charge of one’s own learning» • Determining the objectives • Defining contents and progressions • Selecting methods and techniques • Monitoring procedure of acquisition • Evaluating what has been acquired
ASPECTS OF LEARNER AUTONOMY • Construct of capacity • Responsibility of the learning process • Degrees of autonomy: unstable and variable • Awareness of the learning process • Constant reflection • Decision making • Social and individual dimensionTaken from: Sinclair, B., Mcgrath, I. and Lamb, T.(eds)(2000). Learner AutonomyTeacher Autonomy: Future Directions. Essex: Longman - British Council.
IMPLICATIONS IN THE LEARNING PROCESS Enable control over: • Discipline • Metacognitive techniques (Technical autonomy) • Responsibility with the learning process (Psychological autonomy) • The learning process and contents (Political autonomy)