Adverbs of manner
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  • 1. Adverbs of manner The –ly ending CAL EOI El Puerto ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 2. Adverbs of manner• Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Most adverbs of manner are closely related to corresponding adjectives.• Although some words can be used as either adjectives or adverbs, in most cases, adverbs of manner are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives.• In most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example: • Adjective • Adverb of Manner • bad • badly • complete • completely • normal • normally • surprising • surprisingly ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 3. Adjectives ending in icHowever, when the adjective ends in ic, the syllable al isusually added before the ly ending. For example:• Adjective • Adverb of Manner• dramatic • dramatically• scientific • scientifically• specific • specifically• basic • basically ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 4. When the adjective ends in le preceded by a vowel, in mostAdjectives ending in le cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example:When the adjective ends inle preceded by a consonant, Adjective Adverb of Mannerthe final e is usually changed agile agilelyto y, to form the ly ending. sole solelyFor example: However, in the case of theAdjective Adverb of adjective whole, the final e is Manner removed before the ending ly isfavorable added:humble favorably Adjective Adverb of Mannersimple humbly whole wholly simply ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 5. Adjectives ending in llWhen the adjective ends in ll, only y is added. For example:Adjective Adverb of Mannerdull dullyfull fullyshrill shrillyAdjectives ending in ueWhen the adjective ends in ue, the final e is usually omittedbefore the ending ly is added. For example:Adjective Adverb of Mannerdue dulytrue truly ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 6. Adjectives ending in yWhen the adjective ends in y However, in the case of thepreceded by a consonant, the y adjectives shy and sly, ly isis usually changed to i before simply added to the positivethe ending ly is added. For form of the adjective:example: shy shylybusy busily sly slylyeasy easilyhappy happily When the adjective ends in y preceded by a vowel, in mostHowever, in the case of the cases, ly is simply added to theadjective gay, y is changed to i positive form of the adjective.before the ending ly is added: For example:gay gaily coy coyly grey greyly ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 7. Adverbs of frequency• It should be noted that while most adverbs which end in ly are adverbs of manner, other types of adverb may also end in ly. For instance, consequently and subsequently are connecting adverbs. The following are adverbs of frequency which are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives.Adjective Adverb of Frequencyfrequent frequentlyrare rarelyusual usually ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 8. The following tables give examples of adverbs of manner,location, time and frequency which do not end in -ly.Adjective Adverb of Manner Adjective Adverb of Locationgood well far farfast fast high highhard hard low lowlittle little near nearloud loud or loudly wide widemuch muchstraight straight Adjective Adverb of FrequencyAdjective Adverb of Time daily dailyearly early monthly monthlyfirst first weekly weeklylate late yearly yearlylong long ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 9. It should also be noted that there are severaladjectives ending in ly which have nocorresponding adverbs:• friendly • When it is desired to use one of these• likely words to modify a verb, an adverb• lively phrase of manner may be used.• lonely • In the following examples, the adverb phrases are underlined.• silly• ugly • e.g. He behaved in a friendly manner. They acted in a silly way. ©Rafael Moreno Esteban
  • 10. Adverbs With and Without ly EndingsAdverb Meaninghard with efforthigh opposite of lowlate opposite of earlynear opposite of farwide opposite of narrowAdverb Meaninghardly scarcelyhighly very; very welllately recentlynearly almostwidely commonly ©Rafael Moreno Esteban