Impact of the East Japan Earthquake and the Current Status of recovery October, 2011 Embassy of Japan in Canada
Support from Canada Government of Canada Canadians 25,000 thermal blankets ; $45 million donated through 5,075 dosimeters, 78 radiation survey the Canadian Red Cross meters Tens of thousands of 2 nuclear experts to paper cranes folded the International Atomic 8-year old Aleks from Halifax, Energy Agency (IAEA) for encouragement with his father who drove him to Ottawa to present paper cranes Visit by Ambassador Jonathan Fried to the affected region Businesses Parliament and Hope for Youth Project Provincial Legislatures Generous donations (Study in Canada project Solidarity and from Canada’s for youth affected by compassion the Great East Japan demonstrated by leading companies Earthquake and Tsunami) Parliament and provincial legislatures Provincial Visit by Minister Fast through the observance Governmentsto the affected region of a moment of silence(Natori City and Generous A motion of solidarityShiogama City, for the Japanese people donations from Miyagi Prefecture many provincialSeptember 30, 2011) adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec governments 1
Support from Canada: Messages of Solidarity“This (helping by Canadians) is precisely what the Japanese people would do for their many friends – the Canadians – in reverse circumstances.” (His Excellency The Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada, April 11, 2011) ■“Our thoughts and prayers are with you during this terrible period of loss and rebuilding. You can count on Canadians for any help required as you move toward a brighter day.” (The Right Honourable Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, March 23, 2011) Immediately after the earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011, many dignitaries phoned H.E. KaoruIshikawa, Ambassador of Japan to Canada, to offer condolences and support. To follow up on their andprompt and compassionate response, Ambassador Ishikawa paid a visit to each one of them to personally visitexpress his gratitude. Governor General David Johnston’s remark cited above is a response to such a visit Johnston’by the Ambassador. 2
Japan Faces an Unprecedented Challenge(Enormous Earthquake, Tsunamis and Nuclear Accident) The Great East Japan Earthquake Tsunamis 14 meters or higher Earthqakes Main Shock Magnitude: 9.0(March 11th) Kyodo News Aftershocks Magnitude 7 or greater: 6times Tokyo Magnitude 6 or greater: 96 times Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS Dai- Magnitude 5 or greater: 579 times (As of October 7th) Casualties Dead: over 15,800 Missing: over 3,700 Injured: over 5,900 (As of October 26th) 3
DamageKyodo News Source: NOAA/US Dept of CommerceKyodo News 4
Reconstruction and Recovery : (1) Expressways Japan repaired deep chasms in the Joban Expressway linking Tokyo and quake-damaged Fukushima in 6 days. The traffic restriction to the Tohoku Expressway, a transport and commercial artery in the region, was lifted on March 24 – two weeks after the disaster. Tohoku Expressway Joban Expressway 6 days later “the astonishing speed of reconstruction” (international media) 5
Reconstruction and Recovery : (2) Railroads The entire Tohoku Shinkansen resumed operation on April 29. Present status of operations as of April 29 Morioka to Shin Aomori Resumed operation on April 13 Ichinoseki to Morioka Resumed operation on April 23 Sendai to Ichinoseki Resumed operation on April 29 Fukushima to Sendai Resumed operation April 25 Nasushiobara to Fukushima Resumed operation on April 12 JR East 6
Reconstruction and Recovery : (3) Sea PortsQuays of all major ports in the quake-hit pacific coast from Aomori to Ibaraki becameuseable by March 24.The ports damaged by the tsunami are gradually recovering their function. Quays of all the major ports became useable on March Hachinohe 24 Kuji Miyako Kamaishi Ofunato Ishinomaki Sendai-Shiogama 1 month later Soma Onahama 7
Reconstruction and Recovery : (4) Airports The reconstruction of Sendai Airport showed surprisingly rapid progress thanks to the cooperation between foreign military forces and Japanese Self-Defense Forces. The entire runway was restored and became useable by March 28 . (Rescue planes were allowed to use the airport from March 16.) Passenger flights from Haneda-Sendai and Osaka (Itami)-Miyagi resumed on April 13, a month after the earthquake. Sendai Airport as of March 13 1 month later Kyodo A commercial airplane landed at Sendai Airport on April 13 for the first time since the disaster. 8
Speedy Recovery of Supply Chain Beyond Expectation 9
Auto output is expected to growdespite the effects of the earthquake 10
Disposal of DebrisJapan will have to dispose of 25 million tons of debris, which equals 23-year worthof regular waste produced in the affected region Sorting and recycling the debris is critical to ensure a safe and speedy cleanup Examples of Recycling Turn wood into chips for biomass fuel, construction material for temporary housing or pulp material Use debris to construct mounts to be used as breakwaters as well as evacuation sites 11
Basic Guidelines for Reconstructionin response to the Great East Japan Earthquake (decided on July 29, 2011) 12
With the resiliency of the Japanese people, Japan will Canada’s support and assistance recover and rebuild will further strengthen our bilateral relations “ARIGATO” His Majesty (Thank you) the Emperor “I wish to express my appreciation to people who have I come from overseasA group of engineers and techniciansknown as the Fukushima 50 have to engage in reliefvolunteered to stay behind at the activity round theFukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power clock, defying thePlant to stabilize the reactors. People affected by the danger of recurring disaster wrote on the shore aftershocks. “They are the nameless using pine trees to express brave men who are I wish to express my gratitude. working as the last line deepest gratitude of defense.” defense.” to them.” (March 16, 2011) (ABC News, March 16, 2011) 13
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