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Sdrhcon2011 dangerfield

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  • 1. Jim DangerfieldJennifer O’ConnorIan de la Roche DISASTER RELIEF: EXPLORING DISASTER RELIEF: THE REBUILDING CHALLENGEOctober 2011 Opportunities and Issues for the Wood Products Industry
  • 2. Presentation Outline Issue: Housing losses due to disasters Possible Solution: North American housing Case Study: Indonesia Delivery Model: Canadian partnership Concluding Remarks
  • 3. Global Disasters Are Devastating Taiwan 1999
  • 4. Global Disasters Are Devastating Pakistan 2005
  • 5. Global Disasters Are Devastating Sichuan2008
  • 6. Global Disasters Are Devastating Italy 2009
  • 7. Global Disasters Are Devastating Haiti 2010
  • 8. Global Disasters Are Devastating Chile 2010
  • 9. Global Disasters Are Devastating New Zealand 2011
  • 10. Global Disasters Are Devastating USA 2005
  • 11. Global Disasters Are Devastating Japan 2011
  • 12. Global Disasters Are Devastating Turkey 1999 Java 2006 Sichuan 2008 45,000 killed 5,800 killed 68,000 killed 0.6 million homeless 1.5 million homeless 5 million homeless GREGORY BULL / AP Indian Ocean 2004 Pakistan 2005 Haiti 2010 230,000 killed 80,000 killed 200,000 killed 1.7 million homeless 3.3 million homeless 2 million homeless
  • 13. Disasters 1974-2003 6,367 Disasters 2 Million deaths 183 Million made homeless Average of 1 million homes needed annually Impact of damage ranges from $1.3 to $131 billion Source: Brussels Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters
  • 14. Presentation Outline Issue: Housing losses due to disasters Possible Solution: North American housing Case Study: Indonesia Delivery Model: Canadian partnership Concluding Remarks
  • 15. The North American Experience Light frame wood construction was invented in North America in the 1830s. We have nearly 200 years of experience with it. The North American system is recognized worldwide for quality, comfort, safety and economy.
  • 16. Settling Western Canada
  • 17. Pre-fab Housing: A Long History Ready-to- assemble pre-cut packages were available in catalogues from several suppliers. Catalogue pages from 1915
  • 18. A Canadian Experience 1945
  • 19. An Evolving System
  • 20. Presentation Outline Issue: Housing losses due to disasters Possible Solution: North American housing Case Study: Indonesia Delivery Model: Canadian partnership Concluding Remarks
  • 21. Pre-fab Case Study Canada’s factory- built housing sector explored a post-tsunami response in Indonesia, 2005. First, a 10-house demonstration was funded by BC Forestry Innovation Investment.
  • 22. Pre-fab Case Study Then, Canadian company (and demonstration participant) Britco Structures secured a contract from Save the Children USA. A total of 448 houses were supplied from BC to several villages in Aceh province, Sumatra, Indonesia.
  • 23. The Britco Experience Save the Children was very concerned about performance after some failures in their first housing efforts. Save the Children chose pre-fab to address sustainability, durability and quality concerns. Indonesian architect (and head of Indonesian reconstruction agency BRR) helped in the design. Careful wood treatment for termites and decay. Imperfect client/supplier relationship – lessons learned.
  • 24. The Britco House
  • 25. Britco Houses, Four Years LaterWe sent a team of experts to examine durability,acceptance and adaptation of the housessupplied to Aceh from BC, and other examplesbuilt by other NGOs.
  • 26. Key Lesson:Outstanding Performance in Aceh Four years later, the Britco houses show superior performance and acceptance.
  • 27. Presentation Outline Issue: Housing losses due to disasters Possible Solution: North American housing Case Study: Indonesia Delivery Model: Canadian partnership Concluding Remarks
  • 28. What We Did Assessed supply-side: Looked at pre-fab industry capacity, willingness, business issues. Assessed demand-side: Learned about the customers (e.g. NGOs) and their needs. Assessed potential for a total Canadian solution including forest management, codes, training, etc. Proposed a logistical model for delivery and proposed next steps.
  • 29. How We Did It Interviews with Canadian humanitarian aid community, including government. Interviews with pre-fab housing industry. Literature review and expert assistance in humanitarian reconstruction. Expert assistance in future trends affecting affordable housing and pre-fab response. Field assessment of Canadian pre-fab in Indonesia. Carbon footprint for Canadian pre-fab vs. concrete.
  • 30. Potential Markets Disaster recovery: Transitional or permanent shelter. Affordable housing/urban slums. Geographic targets: wood-friendly, Canada- friendly, seismic zones, etc. Some NGOs are actually seeking better supply chains and are interested in closer relationship with industry. Their budgets are challenging.
  • 31. Supplier Links Are Critical Past experience has been small-scale only, no coordinated effort. Suppliers must be integrated into a recovery network. Good stories from Kobe, Indonesia, Sichuan – but minimal impact. Haiti maybe? FEMA model could work?
  • 32. Key Lesson:Disaster Recovery Is Complex Shelter solution - a plug-in to a big multi- stakeholder process. Recovery is not about the house – it’s about the NGO’s ability to put the right house in the right place. NGOs have a lot on their plate. NGO/Supplier relationship is important – may be best assisted with a go-between.
  • 33. A Multi-Stakeholder ProcessA shelterdeliverymodel needsto align withthe complexworld ofpost-disasteraid andaffordablehousing. Figure adapted from the Shelter Centre.
  • 34. Key Lesson:Canada CAN Supply The Product• Low-cost, high volume pre-fab required.• At least 35,000 housing units per year capacity.• Strong industry interest.• Provided their comfort zone is maintained.
  • 35. Presentation Outline Issue: Housing losses due to disasters Possible Solution: North American housing Case Study: Indonesia Delivery Model: Canadian partnership Concluding Remarks
  • 36. Recommendation:A Holistic Approach © Center For International Forestry Research/Manuel Boissiere – used with permission, sourced from Flickr Supply chain integration for a total solution
  • 37. Recommendation:A Holistic Approach In addition to shelter, we could probably offer:  Sustainable forest management expertise.  Help set up local wood manufacturing  Demonstration buildings.  Wood frame codes, standards, training  Home financing expertise
  • 38. Recommendation:A Canadian Shelter Cluster Canada Gov’t Private Funding Funding Other Funding Canadian Shelter Cluster Canadian NGOs Canadian Gov’t Depts Canadian Resources Shelter Coordinator Canadian Pre-Fab Manufacturers Canadian NGOs and/or 3rd Party Construction Management In-Country Resources In-Country Organizations
  • 39. Recommendation:Next StepsWork with suppliers: Establish a pre-fab disaster recovery network of suppliers. Align with international shelter guidelines. Prototype design and possible demonstration. Pricing and business model.Develop partnerships: Global: UN Habitat, Shelter Centre, World Bank, IFRC, etc. Canadian Red Cross BC disaster preparedness Related government and non-government groups; wood industryDevelop a marketing plan: Size of market and best targets; Competitor analysis. Canadian/international sales pitch. Image control/QA/CSA Branding.
  • 40. Thank You BC Builder Randy Plewes, in Aceh, Indonesia