Gulf Coast Green 2012 Frederic SchwartzPresentation Transcript
ReTHINKing Green Housing:from the Gulf Coast to the East Coast(1) NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse(s), New Orleans, LA(2) KALAHARI mixed income housing New York, NY Frederic Schwartz, FAIA Frederic SCHWARZ Architects New York, New York www.schwartzarch.com firstname.lastname@example.org
NOLA Neighborhood Centerssite locations
Project: NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse(s)Location: Holy Cross, New Orleans, LAOwner/Client: Global Green CompetitionProject Team: Frederic SCHWARTZ ArchitectsLandscape Architect: DIRT StudioConsultants: Wayne Troyer Architects Full Spectrum Atelier Ten EHDD Architecture“Most Sustainable Design” in Global Green’sInternational Housing Competition, the design hasbeen further developed for other regions..• American Institute of Architects Louisiana Chapter Project Award• American Institute of Architects New York Chapter Project Award
GLOBAL GREEN HOUSING PROTOTYPE Affordable Sustainable HousingHoly Cross Neighborhood, New Orleans, LA (NOLA)
SITE: Holy Cross, New Orleans
New Orleans Shotgun: the only true African housing typologyShotgun Shotgun Raised Shotgun Raised ShotgunSingle Wide Single Wide Plus Double Wide Double WideTraditional Traditional Traditional NEW TypologyTypology Typology Typology NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse
Building Area (sqft): 12,000 sf (12) multi-family 9,000 sf total (6) houses Cost per Square Foot: $100.00PROGRAM & SITE PLAN:12-unit multi-family housing units (1, 2, 3 bedroom) withground level neighborhood center plus 3 single-wide single-family homes &3 double twin-family homes on corner lot in Holy Cross facing the Mississippi.
NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse(s) along the riverfront
NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse(s) and community gardens
100% 21% 30% 9% 22% 18%
Passive Sustainable Design Strategies
Active Sustainable Design Strategies
NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse(s) and community gardens
NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse mutil-family loft space interior
Aerial view of “green” roof and PV panels
Trees shade balconies on New Orleans streets
Roof PlanTYPICAL FLOOR PLAN: NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse
Roof PlanROOF PLAN: NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse
south facing Mississippi River elevationFront and Rear Elevations
NOLA LoftHouse: Kit of parts and pre-fabricated standardized modules
Single family NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse shaded by street trees
NOLA Shotgun LOFThouse interior of living/dining room
DESIGN MODEL 57% Annual Regulated Energy Energy Consumption57% SAVINGS in Annual Regulated Savings over Base Case
38% more EFFICIENT Annual HVAC Energy ConsumptionDESIGN MODEL 38% more efficient: Annual HVAC Energy Consumption
DESIGN MODEL 83% Annualin Annual Energy Consumption 83% SAVINGS Energy Cost Savings (Natural Gas & Electricity)
DESIGN MODEL 93% Total Energy Consumption Savings (PV payback)
83% Annual Energy Cost Savings for Multi-Family and 211% for Single Family
Design Excellence and Sustainable design are synonymous
KalahariHarlem, New York, New YorkUrban Sustainable Designfor dense mixed-use developmentSize: 450,000 sf + parkingUnit: 250 units (50% market + 50% affordable)Cost: $100 million USDSales: 100% sold-out @ 2008 market-lowWinner NYC METRO architect/developer competitionULI Workforce Housing Design Award
Located in the heart of Harlem, the nation’s largestAfrican American community, the building proudlycelebrates its African culture. The brick patternsand colors were inspired by the Kalahari Africantribal patterns painted on desert homes
The sustainable affordable and market-rate development creates workforcehousing with generous amenities and green technologies for families ofdiverse backgrounds and income levels.
KALAHARI: Concept Design presented to the Harlem Community Board
KALAHARI: model presented to the Harlem Community Board
nPROMOTE MINORITY-OWNED &COMMUNITY BASED DEVELOPMENT• First African American Film Center• Street Squash After School Program• Minority Contracting Program• Rainbow Coalition of Occupants• Community Board Approval Process• Community Based Conceptual DesignENERGY EFFICIANCY• 35% less energy than NYS Energy Code• 70% less energy than typ. NYC housing
PASSIVE SYSTEMS• Exterior Wall: DOE 2 modeling• High R values• Low air infiltration• Windows: AW 70, minimize air infiltration• Glazing: low – E, Min. 75% VT, U .30 (less solar heat gain)• Roof: R30 min, planted roofing system• Local Resources: 500 mile radius• Materials Selection: recycled (steel and concrete), post- industrial and rapid renewable (bamboo flooring)• Low VOC Materials (carpet & paint)• Improved Indoor Air Quality
ACTIVE SYSTEMS• Heating and Cooling: open loop standing column geothermal exchange (design concept: 20 wells, 700 tons)• Photovoltaics: 25-30 KW• Heat Recover• IAQ: Fresh air filtered & conditioned (3x normal air exchange)• High Efficiency: Energy Star Fixtures, Heat Pumps, Condensing Boilers• Motion Detector Light Fixtures• Digital Sub-metering: programmable thermostats
BUILDING ENVELOPE DESIGN• Reduced thermal bridging in walls• Cardinal Low-E2-170 glass with U-0.29 (center of glass), shading coefficient 0.43 .37 solar heat gain coefficient• 70% visible transmittance or glass with equivalent properties in terms of U-factor & shading coefficient• Airtight wall construction & airtight windows (documented field tests).• Planted roofSTRUCTURAL SYSTEM• Steel: 95% recycled content, local• CMU: recycled content, massive (high STC), local• Pre-cast Concrete Plank: recycled content, fast installation, local
The financing was designed to protect the interests of long-term Harlemstakeholders by making 50% of the units affordable and 50% market rate (the firsttime in New York City) with a 50% preference for existing Harlem residents.
The undulating massing is a creative interpretation of the NewYork City zoning code to provide alternating rhythm of tower andwall along the building’s 300-foot football-field length.
116TH STREET ENTRANCE ADINKRA SYMBOLHarlem’s new, green 249-unit mixed-use, mixed-income condominium reflects therichness and variety of Harlems vibrant urban African-American cultural fabric.The design was unanimously approved on the first vote by Harlem’s localcommunity board #10 and the New York City Planning Commission.
Shared public green roofs, day-lighted elevator lobbies, high-performance buildingenvelope and air filtration, heat recovery, motion-sensitive lighting and photovoltaicpanels reduced the building’s energy consumption by 30% below the norm.
Afro-American Retail Film Center Street SquashGround Floor Plan
50% affordable and 50% market-rate units throughout the entire buildingboth in plan and section – a truly mixed income environment..
116th Street115th Street
PHOTOVOLTAIC PHOTOVOLTAIC AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL MARKET RATE MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE HALL RESIDENTIAL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL MARKET RATE MARKET RATE MARKET RATE MARKET RATE HALL RESIDENTIAL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE MARKET RATE MARKET RATE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE HALL RESIDENTIAL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE AFFORDABLE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE RESIDENTIAL HALL RESIDENTIAL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE AFFORDABLE HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL AFFORDABLE MARKET RATE MEETING ROOM HALL HALL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL REST- COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FACILITY ROOM LOBBY LOBBY REST- COMMUNITY ROOM COMMUNITY FACILITY FIRE BiCYCLE PARKING PARKING REFUSE ROOM HALL STORAGE ELEC. RM PUMP STORAGEThe 450,000 sf project is divided into two separate 12-story mid-risebuildings joined by a connecting lobby with 40,000 sf of community andcommercial space on the street level.
2 BEDROOM3 BEDROOMTYPICAL UNITSAlmost zero circulation planning and abundance ofwindows increases efficiency and daylight in units. 1 BEDROOMMore space for less money with less construction cost.
Interiors feature high performance windows and lighting fixtures, bambooflooring and cabinets manufactured with sustainable materials.
3D BRICK PATTERN STUDY TYPICAL CAVITY WALL DETAILNew York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) provided a grant for themodeling, testing and performance of the energy saving cavity wall that performs better that anysimilar wall construction in the New York City. The building uses recycled steel and recycledconcrete and achieves USGBC LEED Gold Standards.
OPTION 1: NYS DOE funded thermal analysis of brick wall design
OPTION 2: NYS DOE funded thermal analysis of brick wall design
OPTION 4: NYS DOE funded thermal analysis of brick wall design
OPTION 3: NYS DOE funded thermal analysis of brick wall design