Prehistoric art

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Prehistoric art

  1. 1. Prehistoric Art<br />Cave Conjecture<br />
  2. 2. Paleolithic Art<br />Paleo (Greek) = Old<br />Lithic (Greek) = Stone<br />Paleolithic = Old Stone Age <br />40,000 BCE – 8,000 BCE in Near East<br />40,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE in Europe<br />
  3. 3. Prehistoric Sculpture<br />All prehistoric sculpture is portable. Why?<br />
  4. 4. Shelter or Architecture?<br />
  5. 5. Young men gather around a vessel of bright pigment in preparation for body painting in this scene by artist Reeda Peel. In prehistoric times, ocher pigment had many uses, whether for body adornment, massive scenes on cave walls, or small painted pebbles—"portable art.“ Investigators found decorated stones and evidence of pigment production.<br />
  6. 6. Woman “Venus” of Willwndorf<br />c. 28,000 – 21, 000 BCE<br />limestone<br />Emphasized reproductive parts<br />4 3/8” Meant to be held<br />Deemphasized face, arms, legs<br />No feet<br />
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  9. 9. Prehistoric Painting<br />Characteristics<br />Images of animals dominate <br />with black outlines<br />realistically represented<br />Images Of humans<br />stick figures<br />little detail<br />Handprints<br />negative prints <br />left hand<br />
  10. 10. LascauxCaves<br />15,000-13,000 BCE, Dordogne, France<br />http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/#/fr/00.xml<br />
  11. 11. Lascaux Cave<br />Paint is made of natural products<br />Charcoal, iron ore, plants bound with animal fat<br />650 paintings<br />Cows, bulls, horses, and deer<br />Figures are overlapping<br />Negative handprints: signatures?<br />
  12. 12. Negative Handprints<br />
  13. 13. Cave Art<br />Caves were not dwellings<br />Prehistoric people lived migratory lives following herds of animals<br />Paintings placed deep inside the cave<br />
  14. 14. Cave Art Theories<br />Used to ensure a successful hunt?<br />Ancestral animal worship?<br />Shamanism<br />A religion based on the idea that forces of nature can be controlled by a highly regarded religious figure called a shaman<br />
  15. 15. Neolithic<br />Neo (Greek) = New<br />Lith (Greek) = Stone<br />Neolithic = New Stone Age<br />8,000 BCE – 3,000 BCE in the Near East<br />4,000 BCE – 2,000 BCE in Europe<br />
  16. 16. Neolithic People<br />Cultivated land<br />Raised livestock<br />Live in organized settlements<br />Created occupations = division of labor<br />Built the first homes<br />
  17. 17. Neolithic Architecture<br />Shelters were huts built with animal bones<br />Places of worship were built to last!<br />
  18. 18. Neolithic Architecture<br />Menhir = large individual stone placed on end alone or in rows<br />
  19. 19. Neolithic Architecture<br />Megalith = Menhirs cut into rectangles used for construction<br />by adam.holmquist<br />
  20. 20. Neolithic Architecture<br />Post-and-lintel architecture =<br /> the most basic<br />Post = two uprights<br />Lintel = horizontal on top<br />
  21. 21. Mortise and Tenon<br />
  22. 22. Neolithic Architecture<br />Cromlech = A circle of megaliths with lintels placed on top<br />Structures were aligned to important dates: solstices, equinoxes, and lunar.<br />The most well known cromlech?<br />
  23. 23. Neolithic Architecture<br />Stonehenge, c. 2100 BCE,<br />Wilshire, England <br />

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