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Birds and Butterflies of the Alpine Pipits, Arctics, and Fritillaries on Mount Washington
VCE Mountain Research <ul><li>Bicknell’s Thrush </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain Birdwatch </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury bioaccumula...
Why Mountains? <ul><li>Unique  </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clima...
American Pipit   ( Anthus rubescens )
<ul><li>Mt Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Katahdin </li></ul><ul><li>Chic-chocs </li></ul>American Pipit
Our Questions <ul><li>Is it feasible to conduct long-term studies of the Mt Washington population? </li></ul><ul><li>Is th...
 
 
 
2 nests 13 chicks 4 adults July 10-11 2 Nests 4 Adults 13 Chicks Banded Morphometrics Feathers Blood
Deuterium: Genetic Isolation Auk 2001
 
Blood Mercury Ecotoxicology 2005 Wolf Spider
Next Steps <ul><li>Analyze feathers for deuterium </li></ul><ul><li>Determine main food items </li></ul><ul><li>Determine ...
Alpine Butterflies
Arctic Fritillary  ( Boloria titania )  Melissa Arctic ( Oeneis melissa )  Two Unique Subspecies Kaufman 2006
White Mountain Arctic  ( Oenis melissa semidea ) Allison Bell State Threatened
Two-year Life Cycle Host Plant: Bigelow’s Sedge ( Carex bigelowii )
Lek site Sedge lawn
 
Sunny, Calm Flying Time is Limited <ul><li>Completely sunny days: one in June, one in July, three in August </li></ul><ul>...
White Mountain Fritillary  ( Boloria titania montinus) State Endangered
<ul><li>Fritillary Habitat:  </li></ul><ul><li>snowbank </li></ul><ul><li>cushion-tussock </li></ul><ul><li>alpine streams...
Important Nectar Sources   <ul><li>Alpine Goldenrod </li></ul><ul><li>Purple-stemmed Aster </li></ul><ul><li>Meadowsweet <...
<ul><li>Eastern Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf Willows </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine Smartweed </li></ul><ul><li>Violets </li>...
Flight Periods WM Arctic WM Fritillary % Butterflies Observed Week 14 June 23 July 15 September
Recommendations <ul><li>Monitoring protocol for Arctic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- lek sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- tran...
Large format poster on display at Appalachian Mountain Club and Randolph Mountain Club huts in the Presidential Range Educ...
Logistic and Financial Support: The Waterman Fund White Mountain National Forest Mount Washington Auto Road Appalachian Mo...
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Birds and Butterflies of the Alpine: Pipits, Arctics, and Fritillaries on Mount Washington

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Presented 29 May 2009 at the 6th Northeast Alpine Stewardship Gathering in Lake Placid, NY. Showcases Vermont Center for Ecostudies' research on American Pipits, White Mountain Arctic, and White Mountain Fritillary on the Presidentials Range in New Hampshire.

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  • Transcript of "Birds and Butterflies of the Alpine: Pipits, Arctics, and Fritillaries on Mount Washington"

    1. 1. Birds and Butterflies of the Alpine Pipits, Arctics, and Fritillaries on Mount Washington
    2. 2. VCE Mountain Research <ul><li>Bicknell’s Thrush </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain Birdwatch </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury bioaccumulation </li></ul><ul><li>Climate modeling </li></ul><ul><li>American Pipits </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine Butterflies </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why Mountains? <ul><li>Unique </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. American Pipit ( Anthus rubescens )
    5. 5. <ul><li>Mt Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Katahdin </li></ul><ul><li>Chic-chocs </li></ul>American Pipit
    6. 6. Our Questions <ul><li>Is it feasible to conduct long-term studies of the Mt Washington population? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there gene flow between populations? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they exposed to high levels of mercury? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they warrant conservation status? </li></ul>
    7. 10. 2 nests 13 chicks 4 adults July 10-11 2 Nests 4 Adults 13 Chicks Banded Morphometrics Feathers Blood
    8. 11. Deuterium: Genetic Isolation Auk 2001
    9. 13. Blood Mercury Ecotoxicology 2005 Wolf Spider
    10. 14. Next Steps <ul><li>Analyze feathers for deuterium </li></ul><ul><li>Determine main food items </li></ul><ul><li>Determine mercury content of prey </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate population size </li></ul>
    11. 15. Alpine Butterflies
    12. 16. Arctic Fritillary ( Boloria titania ) Melissa Arctic ( Oeneis melissa ) Two Unique Subspecies Kaufman 2006
    13. 17. White Mountain Arctic ( Oenis melissa semidea ) Allison Bell State Threatened
    14. 18. Two-year Life Cycle Host Plant: Bigelow’s Sedge ( Carex bigelowii )
    15. 19. Lek site Sedge lawn
    16. 21. Sunny, Calm Flying Time is Limited <ul><li>Completely sunny days: one in June, one in July, three in August </li></ul><ul><li>Percent of minutes sunny: 21% June, 30% July, 28% August </li></ul><ul><li>Days more than half sunny: 18 of 92 </li></ul><ul><li>June had five days more than half sunny, but three of those had an average wind speed of more than 30mph </li></ul>
    17. 22. White Mountain Fritillary ( Boloria titania montinus) State Endangered
    18. 23. <ul><li>Fritillary Habitat: </li></ul><ul><li>snowbank </li></ul><ul><li>cushion-tussock </li></ul><ul><li>alpine streamside plant communities </li></ul>
    19. 24. Important Nectar Sources <ul><li>Alpine Goldenrod </li></ul><ul><li>Purple-stemmed Aster </li></ul><ul><li>Meadowsweet </li></ul>
    20. 25. <ul><li>Eastern Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf Willows </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine Smartweed </li></ul><ul><li>Violets </li></ul><ul><li>Western Populations: </li></ul><ul><li>Willows </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberry </li></ul><ul><li>Blueberry </li></ul><ul><li>Cranberry </li></ul>Potential Host Plants
    21. 26. Flight Periods WM Arctic WM Fritillary % Butterflies Observed Week 14 June 23 July 15 September
    22. 27. Recommendations <ul><li>Monitoring protocol for Arctic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- lek sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- transects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitoring protocol for Fritillary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- transects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine survivorship and detectability </li></ul><ul><li>Determine host plant of Fritillary </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate shifts in timing of flight periods </li></ul><ul><li>Continue education efforts </li></ul>
    23. 28. Large format poster on display at Appalachian Mountain Club and Randolph Mountain Club huts in the Presidential Range Education
    24. 29. Logistic and Financial Support: The Waterman Fund White Mountain National Forest Mount Washington Auto Road Appalachian Mountain Club
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