Russell writenow ch15rev power point


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Russell writenow ch15rev power point

  1. 1. McGraw-Hill 15 Giving an Oral Presentation
  2. 2. 15-215-2 McGraw-Hill Learning Outcomes • Plan and develop the introduction, body, and conclusion of an oral presentation. • Choose and prepare visual aids for an oral presentation. • Deliver an oral presentation using an outline or note cards. • Plan and deliver an effective group presentation.
  3. 3. 15-315-3 McGraw-Hill Developing the Introduction (LO 15.1) Gain the audience’s attention. • Ask a thought-provoking question. • Reference a relevant quote. • Tell a brief story or description. • Share a shocking statistic, a surprising statement, or a comparison.
  4. 4. 15-415-4 McGraw-Hill Developing the Introduction (contd.) State the thesis. • Make sure your thesis covers your topic as well as your opinion. • Don’t be too wordy. • Memorize your thesis. • Look directly at the audience when stating your thesis.
  5. 5. 15-515-5 McGraw-Hill Developing the Introduction (contd.) Preview your main points • Provide your audience with an idea of what they should learn from your presentation. • Be clear about the main points in case the audience is taking notes.
  6. 6. 15-615-6 McGraw-Hill Developing the Introduction (contd.) Preview your main points (contd.) • If using a research paper as the basis of your presentation, select only the most interesting and relevant points. • You do not need to use every point from the paper.
  7. 7. 15-715-7 McGraw-Hill Developing the Body (LO 15.1)
  8. 8. 15-815-8 McGraw-Hill Developing the Body (contd.) Use or combine organization strategies: • Explaining causes and effects • Persuading • Evaluating • Solving a problem • Narrating • Describing • Explaining a process • Comparing and contrasting
  9. 9. 15-915-9 McGraw-Hill Developing the Body (contd.) Transition smoothly • Select signal words in advance. Cite sources • Mention any sources used in the presentation. • Always include citations of your sources. • Work on incorporating the citations without hindering the flow of the presentation.
  10. 10. 15-1015-10 McGraw-Hill Developing the Conclusion (LO 10.1) • Restate the thesis using slightly different words than those used in the introduction. • Summarize the main points, but do not restate each detail or example. • End with a statement, quote, or story that will leave a memorable impression on the audience.
  11. 11. 15-1115-11 McGraw-Hill Developing the Conclusion (contd.) • Thank the audience at the end of your presentation to signal its conclusion. • Answer questions. – Anticipate questions the audience may ask. – Be prepared by having notes handy. – Be honest if you do not know the answer.
  12. 12. 15-1215-12 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (LO 15.2) Objects or models • Make sure the visual aid is large enough for the every member of the audience to see. • Choose a model or object that is easy to bring to or set up for your presentation.
  13. 13. 15-1315-13 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (contd.) Posters • Use posters to display photographs, drawings, maps, charts, graphs, timelines, or small objects. • Make sure the poster is neat and professional. • Ensure that the entire audience can see it.
  14. 14. 15-1415-14 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (contd.) Flip charts or white boards • Use flip charts or white boards to record audience responses. • Write large enough for the audience to see. • Write only small amounts of information. • Face your listeners as much as possible.
  15. 15. 15-1515-15 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (contd.) Media Presentation • Write short sentences or phrases on each slide. • Elaborate on points during your presentation. • Avoid overusing color or styles. • Choose relevant artwork when appropriate. • Use added features such as sound clips and slide transitions conservatively.
  16. 16. 15-1615-16 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (contd.) Video clips • Use video clips that relate to your topic. • Make sure the clip is ready and can be shown on demand.
  17. 17. 15-1715-17 McGraw-Hill Choosing Visual Aids (contd.) Handouts • Use handouts as a backup if technical problems occur. • Distribute the papers at the end of your talk to avoid listener distraction. • Make sure the handout is professional and visually appealing. • Check for spelling or layout errors.
  18. 18. 15-1815-18 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (LO 15-3) Get psyched. • Stay positive. • Visualize yourself giving a great presentation. • Take a deep breath before beginning. • Look for smiling faces.
  19. 19. 15-1915-19 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Use an outline or note cards. • Do not write out your entire speech. • Use an outline or note cards to keep focused on your main points. • Include quotes, statistics, or sources that you want to mention. • Focus on your audience more than your notes.
  20. 20. 15-2015-20 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Speak clearly and enthusiastically. • Your audience will likely be excited if you demonstrate enthusiasm. • Vary your pitch and tone to emphasize important words. • Enunciate your words carefully. • Speak at an appropriate pace.
  21. 21. 15-2115-21 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Communicate nonverbally. • Your audience will watch your nonverbal cues. • Your facial expressions, posture, clothing, hand gestures, and eye contact impact your message. • Be professional and confident. • Do not apologize if you make a mistake or forget something – Just correct and keep going!
  22. 22. 15-2215-22 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Incorporate visual aids. • Decide in advance when and how you will use visual aids. • Display visual aids only as you reference them. • Hold visual aids up and away from your body. • Do not pass visual aids around the room during your presentation.
  23. 23. 15-2315-23 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Incorporate visual aids (contd.) • If using PowerPoint, don’t read directly from each slide—instead, use keywords to help remember main points. Have a backup plan • Have a plan in case something goes wrong. • Bring additional materials in case technology issues arise.
  24. 24. 15-2415-24 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Practice your presentation. • Practice giving your speech several times. • If possible, gather a small audience to listen as you practice. • Practice in front of a mirror if an audience is not available.
  25. 25. 15-2515-25 McGraw-Hill Delivering an Oral Presentation (contd.) Practice your presentation. • Try different methods for using your note cards and visual aids. • You may want to record your presentation. • Watch and critique the video recording. • Time yourself to make sure your presentation meets time requirements.
  26. 26. 15-2615-26 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (LO 15.4) Establish goals. • Make sure all group members understand and are willing to work toward the established goals. • Keep your overall purpose in mind. • Set reasonable goals. • Set benchmarks for establishing tasks.
  27. 27. 15-2715-27 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (contd.) Assign roles. • Assign a specific job to each group member. • Make sure all members are clear on their responsibilities. • Be aware that members may need to work outside of class time, away from the group.
  28. 28. 15-2815-28 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (contd.) Participate in group meetings. • Establish meeting times where everyone can participate. • Utilize e-mail or other forms of technology if face-to-face meetings are impossible. • All members need to cooperate and contribute ideas to the presentation.
  29. 29. 15-2915-29 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (contd.) Organize the group presentation. • Decide who will say what during the presentation. • If the group can’t agree on a specific point, then go with the majority rule. • Be willing to compromise to help the group accomplish the desired goals.
  30. 30. 15-3015-30 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (contd.) Practice the group presentation. • Practice in advance. • Have a dress rehearsal that includes the use of visual aids. • Make sure the presentation flows smoothly. • Make sure each group member knows his or her part.
  31. 31. 15-3115-31 McGraw-Hill Group Presentations (contd.) Deliver the group presentation. • If a group member is absent, assign his or her part to another member. • Members should show enthusiasm, communicate nonverbally, and incorporate visual aids smoothly. • Keep going, even if someone makes a mistake!