Gardner’s Life• Howard Earl Gardner was born July 11, 1943 in Scranton, PA• His older brother was killed in a sledding accident• A good student• A pianist and thought it could be a professional career• Married to Ellen Winner• Has four childrens• Enjoys travelling
Gardner’s Education• Attended preparatory school in Kingston Pennsylvania• Attended Harvard college- Studied history preparing for a law career• 1965 - Graduate Gardner received his B.A. summa cum laude in Social Relations from Harvard College• 1971 - Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology from Harvard University
Gardner’s Career• 1972 - Boston V.A. Hospital, research psychologist• 1973- Harvard University, Co-director of Project Zero (a research group that studies human cognition and focuses mainly on the arts)• 1979 - Professor of Medicine Boston Univ. School of Medicine• 1986 - Professor of Education at Harvard Graduate School of Education• 1984 – Professor of Neurology at Boston University School of Medicine
Some of Gardner’s Publications• The Arts and Human Development (1973)• Art, Mind, and Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity (1982)• Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence (1983)• The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach (1991)• Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice (1993)• Changing the World: A Framework for the Study of Creativity(1994)• Who Owns Intelligence? (1999)
A Definition of Multiple Intelligences• A psychological theory about the mind.• Human beings learn in various levels of intelligences• Eight different human intelligences.• Humans learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways and have all of these intelligences• Most intelligence tests only identify general intelligence (language/logic)• Genetics, environment, and experiences influence one’s level of intelligences• All humans possess these intelligences, but each person owns their unique learning style combination
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences• Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences This theory is based on Gardner’s belief that “students have very different minds and they learn, remember, perform, and understand in various ways.” ( The Distance Learning Technology Resource Guide," by Carla……Lane )• Visual/Spatial• Bodily-kinesthetic• Musical-Rhythmic• Logical- Mathematical• Interpersonal• Intrapersonal• Linguistic- Verbal• Naturalistic
Visual/Spatial Characteristics of learner:• Aware of their environments or their physical space• Like drawing, puzzles, mazes, and even daydreaming• Can be taught through drawings, verbal, and physical imagery• Think in images and pictures• Might like to build with Lego Teaching tools might include:• Models• Charts• Photographs and drawings• 3-D modeling Video and videoconferencing• Multimedia• Texts with pictures/charts/graphs.
Bodily/Kinesthetic Characteristics of learner:• Process knowledge through the senses• Use the body effectively – (athletes, dancers)• Awareness of body position in space and timing Like movement, making things, and touching• Use body language to communicate.• Learn best by acting things out or with hands-on experiences Teaching tools might include:• Physical activities• Hands-on learning• Acting out,• role playing• Tools include equipment and real objects (computers, athletic equipment, microscopes, maps, clay, puppets)
Musical/Rhythmic Characteristics of learner• Learns through songs and music• Quiet• Aware of sounds around them• Good listeners and can discriminate sounds, sensitive to rhythm and sound• Tap or drum constantly• Study better with music in the background Teaching tools might include• Musical activities• Singing, rapping, put words into lyrics• Tools include musical or computer equipment (multimedia software, musical instruments, radios, CDs, mp3.
Interpersonal Characteristics of learner• Leaders• Good communicators• Understand others and their feelings• Learn through interactions with others• Has many friends Teaching tools might include• Cooperative group activities• Constructivist approach• Dialogues and seminars• Tools include computers and internet, telephones, Email, video and computer conferencing
Intrapersonal Characteristics of learner• Shy• Independent• Know their inner feelings• Strong willed, confident, and self-motivated• Has strong opinions Teaching tools might include• Independent learning situations• Independent projects and activities• Provide alone or quiet time for learner• Various writing exercises where personal opinions are offered• Books, journals, diaries.
Logical/Mathematical Characteristics of learner• Demonstrates logical intelligence• Like patterns, measuring, categorizing, and analyzing concepts• Enjoys strategic games and experimentation• Critical thinkers over analyze• Good problem solvers• Usually like Science and Math• Love sports statistics Teaching tools used might include• Problem solving activities• Hands-on science experimentation• Strategic, logical, mathematical games• Exploration of patterns• Read and solve mysteries
Linguistic/Verbal Characteristics of learner• Demonstrates highly developed auditory skills• Demonstrates a mastery of native language and can quickly acquire other languages• Likes to express himself in written stories, poems, rhymes, and puns• Enjoys playing word games like crossword puzzles• Reads and sees words Uses language to remember concepts Teaching tools might include• Speaking activities - presentations, debates• Writing activities - short stories, poems essays, reports• Original self- expression• Computers, books, tape recorders, videos, multimedia software• Desktop publishing, and word processing software• Lectures
Naturalistic Characteristics learner• Demonstrates an interest in the environment• Recognizes and classifies various features in their environment » Can describe details about things in their environment• Enjoys being in the outdoors and interacting with the living and nonliving features• Are usually florists, botanists, farmers, hunters, archeologists, gardeners, or environmentalists Teaching tools might include• Outdoor Education - field trips• Bring environment into the classroom - experimentation• Classification activities Videos, computer software based on environmental issues• Environmental Education activities and experiments
“If a child is not learning the way you areteaching, then you must teach in the way thechild learns."