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Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
Ancient Mexico
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Ancient Mexico


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  • 1. Ancient Mexico Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations By: Mrs. Meredith Sanders
  • 2. Teotihuacan
    • 4 well-known buildings in this ancient city:
    Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Moon Temple of Quetzalcoatl Temple of the Jaguars
  • 3. Olmecs
    • They were the first major Indian Tribe.
    • Olmec means “rubber people.”
    • Two major cities were San Lorenzo and La Venta.
    • They used a form of picture writing; had a number system and calendar.
  • 4. “ Rubber people”
    • The Aztec Indians gave the tribe this name because the Olmecs supplied them with sap from rubber trees.
  • 5. Mayas
    • Appearance: Short in height, straight black hair, painted their bodies, had tattoos, valued crossed-eyes and flat foreheads
    • Three eras: pre-classic, classic, and post-classic
    • Mayans used glyphs in their writing.
  • 6. Glyphs
    • Their glyph writing (picture) expanded largely using about 800 different glyphs.
  • 7. Mayan Religion
    • Worshipped many different gods
    • Each day, month, city, and occupation had its special god or goddess
    • Had a variety of religious festivals and celebrations
    • Most ceremonies includes human sacrifices
    • In many ceremonies, the priests cut themselves to get blood to present to the gods
    • Their religion taught that there were 13 layers of heaven above the earth & 9 underworlds below
    • Worshipped the dead
  • 8. Human Sacrifices
    • The Mayas had 3 methods of giving the human sacrifices:
    • The priests took the victim to the altar at the temple and cut the heart out of the living victim and presented it to the god.
    • The priests tied the victim to a wooden pole and threw spears and arrows at the victim’s chest in the area of the heart.
    • They threw the victim into a sacred well. If they survived the fall and did not drown, the priests pulled them back out of the well; believing that the god spared that victim.
  • 9. Worshipping the Dead
    • They believed the dead became one with the gods.
    • They worshipped their ancestors at many religious ceremonies.
    • They also built pyramids over the sacred remains of their dead rulers.
  • 10. Aztecs
    • This ancient tribe wandered for many years
    • Founded their greatest city, Tenochtitlan (this is the site of modern Mexico City)
    • They belonged to a large family group called calpolli , meaning “big house” or clan.
  • 11. Calpolli
    • Each calpolli elected its own officials to run its business. They were a true democracy and voted on decisions.
    • Women did not have a vote.
    • Calpolli expected all of its able-bodied men to fight any wars. The men considered it an honor to fight for their clan.
    • The family arranged for all marriages. A young person could only marry someone outside the clan.
    • A woman who married now joined her husband’s clan.
  • 12. The End