Dealing with culture shock and moving from the ethnocentric stage to ethnorelativism.
WHAT TYPE OF CULTURE ARE WE TALKING ABOUT? OBJECTIVE CULTURE: Behaviors of a culture that has become routinized into a particular form. SUBJECTIVE CULTURE: The learned and shared patterns of beliefs, behaviors, and values of groups of interacting people.
Levels of Culture
HIGH LEVEL OF ABSTRACTION
EXAMPLE: Japanese culture vs. USA culture
LOWER LEVEL OF ABSTRACTION
EXAMPLE: Ethnicities and Diversity
The feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes.
Culture shock = disease?
Intercultural Psychologists believe culture shock is a process - not something that can be caught and cured.
Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity DENIAL DEFENSE MINIMIZATION ACCEPTANCE ADAPTATION INTEGRATION ETHNOCENTRIC STAGES ETHNORELATIVE STAGES EXPERIENCE OF DIFFERENCE
Using one’s own set of standards and customs to judge all people, often unconsciously.
DENIAL DEFENSE MINIMIZATION
People at the denial stage are unable to construe cultural difference in complex ways.
People at the defense stage have more ability to construe cultural difference, but they attach negative evaluations to it.
People at the minimization stage try to bury cultural differences within already familiar categories.
Being comfortable with many standards and customs and having an ability to adapt behavior and to a variety of interpersonal settings
ACCEPTANCE ADAPTATION INTEGRATION
People at the acceptance stage enjoy recognizing and exploring cultural differences.
People at the adaptation stage use knowledge about their own and other’s cultures to intentionally shift into a different cultural frame of reference.
People at the integration stage achieve an identity which allows them to see themselves as “multiculturalists” in addition to their national and ethnic backgrounds.
Things to keep in mind
you can skip steps
You can backpedal
you can be at different stages for various elements of subjective culture