bridging the gap?

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Can national policy address the problems of deprived neighbourhoods? What have been the successes and failures? This presentation illustrates a few of the issues - for some context, see my post here: …

Can national policy address the problems of deprived neighbourhoods? What have been the successes and failures? This presentation illustrates a few of the issues - for some context, see my post here: http://livingwithrats.blogspot.com/2010/04/not-as-broken-as-you-might-think.html

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  • 1. Bridging the gap or growing apart? Successes and struggles of neighbourhood renewal
  • 2. Cycles of disadvantage Source: Power and Mumford, 1999
  • 3. ‘Wicked issues’ 1942: Beveridge’s Five Giants
  • 4. 1997 - Bringing Britain Together ‘Over the last generation, this has become a more divided country. While most areas have benefited from rising living standards, the poorest neighbourhoods have tended to become more rundown, more prone to crime, and more cut off from the labour market.’
  • 5. 1998-2000 - Policy Action Team reports Skills Antisocial Community Jobs Business behaviour self-help Young Neighbourhood Housing Schools people management management plus Shops Joining it up locally Arts and Neighbourhood sports Information wardens Unpopular technology housing Financial Learning services lessons
  • 6. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal
  • 7. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’
  • 8. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’
  • 9. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets
  • 10. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund for 88 most deprived local authorities
  • 11. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund for 88 most deprived local authorities • ‘Narrowing the gap’
  • 12. ‘within 10 to 20 years, nobody should be seriously disadvantaged by where they live’
  • 13. 2004 - The Sustainable Communities Plan
  • 14. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund
  • 15. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned
  • 16. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned • Focus on worklessness
  • 17. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned • Focus on worklessness • ‘Economics first’ approach to neighbourhoods
  • 18. Ten years of narrowing the gap: what was achieved? Biggest successes: • Education: key stage 2 and GCSE performance • Infant death rate • Gap between low-paid women and male median earnings • Over-65 mortality rate • Single pensioners in low-income households • Low income households without a bank account • Non-decent homes • Adult victims of burglary or violent crime - Source: JRF, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2008
  • 19. Ten years of narrowing the gap: what was achieved? Biggest failures: • Low income households paying full council tax • Value of out-of-work benefits for working age adults without children • Pay gap between high-paid men and women and male median earnings • Pensioners not taking up benefits • Over-75s helped by social services to live at home - Source: JRF, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2008
  • 20. Ten years of neighbourhood renewal: the difficulty Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
  • 21. Ten years of neighbourhood renewal: complex change Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
  • 22. ‘Wicked issues’ • Individualism, consumerism and a decline of community • Drugs and alcohol • A decline of values • Families and young people • Inequality and poverty • Institutions, apathy and a democratic deficit • Violence and crime • Gender inequality • Religion • Social diversity, immigration and intolerance • Health and care • Environmental issues Joseph Rowntree Foundation survey, 2008
  • 23. But... There are striking local success stories... Coin Street Neighbourhood Centre, London SE1
  • 24. Against the odds? Changing deprived neighbourhoods Source: Guide Neighbourhoods Programme
  • 25. Against the odds? Changing deprived neighbourhoods Source: Guide Neighbourhoods Programme
  • 26. A future for neighbourhoods?
  • 27. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident
  • 28. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident • Social
  • 29. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident • Social • Productive
  • 30. More from me at: • New Start magazine: www.newstartmag.co.uk • http://livingwithrats.blogspot.com • www.twitter.com/juliandobson • www.slideshare.net/juliandobson