Bridging the gap or
  growing apart?
    Successes and struggles
   of neighbourhood renewal
Cycles of disadvantage




      Source: Power and Mumford, 1999
‘Wicked issues’




1942: Beveridge’s Five Giants
1997 - Bringing Britain Together

 ‘Over the last generation, this has
 become a more divided country.
 While most areas h...
1998-2000 -
         Policy Action Team reports
          Skills                 Antisocial          Community
  Jobs     ...
2001 - National Strategy for
 Neighbourhood Renewal
2001 - National Strategy for
 Neighbourhood Renewal
‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the
wholesale decline of depr...
2001 - National Strategy for
 Neighbourhood Renewal
‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the
wholesale decline of depr...
2001 - National Strategy for
    Neighbourhood Renewal
  ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the
  wholesale decline ...
2001 - National Strategy for
   Neighbourhood Renewal
 ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the
 wholesale decline of ...
2001 - National Strategy for
   Neighbourhood Renewal
 ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the
 wholesale decline of ...
‘within 10 to 20 years,
    nobody should be
seriously disadvantaged
   by where they live’
2004 - The Sustainable
  Communities Plan
2008 - Working
Neighbourhoods Fund
2008 - Working
     Neighbourhoods Fund
• Floor targets abandoned
2008 - Working
     Neighbourhoods Fund
• Floor targets abandoned
• Focus on worklessness
2008 - Working
     Neighbourhoods Fund
• Floor targets abandoned
• Focus on worklessness
• ‘Economics first’ approach to
n...
Ten years of narrowing the gap:
      what was achieved?
Biggest successes:
• Education: key stage 2 and GCSE performance
...
Ten years of narrowing the gap:
      what was achieved?
Biggest failures:
• Low income households paying full council tax...
Ten years of neighbourhood
   renewal: the difficulty




      Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
Ten years of neighbourhood
 renewal: complex change




      Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
‘Wicked issues’
   • Individualism, consumerism and a decline of
   community
• Drugs and alcohol
• A decline of values
• ...
But...
There are striking local success stories...




Coin Street Neighbourhood Centre, London SE1
Against the odds? Changing deprived
          neighbourhoods




     Source: Guide Neighbourhoods Programme
A future for
neighbourhoods?
A future for
 neighbourhoods?
• Confident
A future for
 neighbourhoods?
• Confident

• Social
A future for
 neighbourhoods?
• Confident

• Social

• Productive
More from me at:



• New Start magazine:
  www.newstartmag.co.uk

• http://livingwithrats.blogspot.com
• www.twitter.com/...
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bridging the gap?

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Can national policy address the problems of deprived neighbourhoods? What have been the successes and failures? This presentation illustrates a few of the issues - for some context, see my post here: http://livingwithrats.blogspot.com/2010/04/not-as-broken-as-you-might-think.html

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  • bridging the gap?

    1. 1. Bridging the gap or growing apart? Successes and struggles of neighbourhood renewal
    2. 2. Cycles of disadvantage Source: Power and Mumford, 1999
    3. 3. ‘Wicked issues’ 1942: Beveridge’s Five Giants
    4. 4. 1997 - Bringing Britain Together ‘Over the last generation, this has become a more divided country. While most areas have benefited from rising living standards, the poorest neighbourhoods have tended to become more rundown, more prone to crime, and more cut off from the labour market.’
    5. 5. 1998-2000 - Policy Action Team reports Skills Antisocial Community Jobs Business behaviour self-help Young Neighbourhood Housing Schools people management management plus Shops Joining it up locally Arts and Neighbourhood sports Information wardens Unpopular technology housing Financial Learning services lessons
    6. 6. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal
    7. 7. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’
    8. 8. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’
    9. 9. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets
    10. 10. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund for 88 most deprived local authorities
    11. 11. 2001 - National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ‘We should be able to arrest and reverse the wholesale decline of deprived neighbourhoods, and prevent it from recurring.’ • Floor targets • Neighbourhood Renewal Fund for 88 most deprived local authorities • ‘Narrowing the gap’
    12. 12. ‘within 10 to 20 years, nobody should be seriously disadvantaged by where they live’
    13. 13. 2004 - The Sustainable Communities Plan
    14. 14. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund
    15. 15. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned
    16. 16. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned • Focus on worklessness
    17. 17. 2008 - Working Neighbourhoods Fund • Floor targets abandoned • Focus on worklessness • ‘Economics first’ approach to neighbourhoods
    18. 18. Ten years of narrowing the gap: what was achieved? Biggest successes: • Education: key stage 2 and GCSE performance • Infant death rate • Gap between low-paid women and male median earnings • Over-65 mortality rate • Single pensioners in low-income households • Low income households without a bank account • Non-decent homes • Adult victims of burglary or violent crime - Source: JRF, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2008
    19. 19. Ten years of narrowing the gap: what was achieved? Biggest failures: • Low income households paying full council tax • Value of out-of-work benefits for working age adults without children • Pay gap between high-paid men and women and male median earnings • Pensioners not taking up benefits • Over-75s helped by social services to live at home - Source: JRF, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2008
    20. 20. Ten years of neighbourhood renewal: the difficulty Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
    21. 21. Ten years of neighbourhood renewal: complex change Source: NSNR evaluation, CLG 2010
    22. 22. ‘Wicked issues’ • Individualism, consumerism and a decline of community • Drugs and alcohol • A decline of values • Families and young people • Inequality and poverty • Institutions, apathy and a democratic deficit • Violence and crime • Gender inequality • Religion • Social diversity, immigration and intolerance • Health and care • Environmental issues Joseph Rowntree Foundation survey, 2008
    23. 23. But... There are striking local success stories... Coin Street Neighbourhood Centre, London SE1
    24. 24. Against the odds? Changing deprived neighbourhoods Source: Guide Neighbourhoods Programme
    25. 25. Against the odds? Changing deprived neighbourhoods Source: Guide Neighbourhoods Programme
    26. 26. A future for neighbourhoods?
    27. 27. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident
    28. 28. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident • Social
    29. 29. A future for neighbourhoods? • Confident • Social • Productive
    30. 30. More from me at: • New Start magazine: www.newstartmag.co.uk • http://livingwithrats.blogspot.com • www.twitter.com/juliandobson • www.slideshare.net/juliandobson

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