Innovation in Education


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This presentation discusses the state of art of Innovation in Education and goes beyond technical advances to include the changing students and educational paradigms. It encompasses a wide range of sources- please feel free to email me if you have any questions.

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  • An innovation can increase profits on the value side (customers value an innovation enough to pay more for it)… or the cost side (the company produces a product offering in a more efficient way).
  • A radical innovation will instead involve large technological advancements, rendering the existing products non-competitive and obsolete.The phone had 35 minutes of talk time and weighed about 2.2 pounds; four iterations later, Cooper’s team would reduce the phone’s weight by half, finally launching in 1983 with a list price of about $4,000. Some Motorola executives believed that the high costs of mobile telephony would mean that cell phones would never reach beyond business users. “It cost so much and took so long,” Mr Cooper told the Economist in 2009. “But my focus has always been on the long-term technology vision.”
  • The idea of “disruptive” innovation was first advanced by Harvard Business School Professor Clayton Christensen in his book The Innovator’s Dilemma.The first characteristic is that it initially provides inferior performance to existing products available. As a result, it is usually not of much interest to existing users or customers.The second characteristic is that it it serves a market segment that did not exist before. The third characteristic: a disruptive innovation has a steep improvement trajectory so that at a later stage it can meet the needs of the initial market as well. But, it appears that this criterion is not stressed so much now.
  • Stephen Heppell quoteFish:
  • (Open University Innovating Pedagogy 2012:7)
  • a Canadian philosopher of communication theory. His work is viewed as one of the cornerstones of the study of media theory, as well as having practical applications in the advertising and television industries.[1][2]McLuhan is known for coining the expressions the medium is the message and the global village, and for predicting the World Wide Web almost thirty years before it was invented.[3]
  • Students are increasingly disengaged – they are spending much of their free time on the Internet, learning and exchanging new information — often via their social networks (Johnson et al., 2013:8) 68%ofteenstexteveryday, 51% visit social networking sites daily, and 11% sendorreceivetweetsatleastonceeveryday. In fact, 34% ofteensvisittheirmain social networking site several times a day. 23% ofteensis a “heavy” social media user, meaningthey use atleasttwodifferenttypesof social media eachandeveryday
  • What has emerged from this technological revolution are this next generation… the digital natives. Digital natives are those whose world has been completely immersed in these technological advancements and as what most of us are called, we the “digital immigrants”, they do not remember the time of book encyclopedias, life before the internet, before Google, when computers were huge things inside universities. The digital natives can be considered those born after 1980, however, clearly this is completely dependant upon access… What is important though is to understand that many of this new generation belong to this group of digital natives… An article in Amsterdam discusses the digital birth… where 25% of children are actually appearing online before they are even born… in sonogram’s, tweeting pregnancy experiences, emails account, albums… all before the child is even born… today the average digital birth of children they estimate is about 6 months of age. In places like Canada, USA, UK, France, Italy, Germany and Spain…. 81% of children under the age of 2 have some kind of digital profile or footprint.
  • 91% of students used email to communicate with professors98% of students who own an ereader read etextbooks65% use digital devices to create presentations73% of college students said they can’t study without technology
  • Apple computers of students use keyboards to take notes (no more paper)
  • Trends that are happening in our society…There are a million statistics about how fast things are moving… most of us have seen the presentation “shift happens”…. Which makes us reflect about how quickly things are moving and it becomes overwhelming to try to keep up…Amongst all of these statistics… what I saw as some of the most prominent trends… is that TV internet radio… they are as popular as ever… there is a max of about a 6.5 hours per day that is aa point of saturation… thus the amount of TV, internet radio people are using is about the same… However… now they are using it on mobile devces … children no longer see the need for fixed tele[phone lines, they interact throughout the day…. As part of their day… While the hours per day may not have technically increased… there is an increase in the amount of media that is being consumed by children… through the increase in multi-tasking…. Using multiple devices at the same time…. Mash-ups are another trend… it is almost makes us adults tonto… but it is this concept of mixing 2 or more things together… movies, books… etc… to form new things… it takes multitasking to another dimension…. With original meaning, new meanings…I have chosen a video to show you to present this concept…Photo:
  • Photo:
  • Ryan ClearyandJake DavisLastyear, British teens Ryan Cleary, 20, andJake Davis, 19, madeheadlines for targetingthe CIA, thePentagon, NHS, Sony, Nintendo and The Sun. Mostnotably, thepair - known as "LulzSec" online - pranked The Sun byreplacing its homepage with a spoofof Rupert Murdoch'sobituary. Now, theyboth face jail time.Photoof henry jenkins
  • Source:
  • Fotocolorida:
  • Increased gap between educators with resources and the will to experiment and those who cannot or are not willing to… (Bozalek, Ng’ambi & Gachago, in press)
  • Stephen Heppell quoteFish:
  • – photo of drunk peopleThe newspaper Steve wheeler- 2012
  • The base of the triangle… information web 1.0… Bloom’s Taxonomy… INFORMATION… remembering…
  • – photo of drunk peopleThe newspaper Steve wheeler- 2012
  • The disruptor: new yorker: 2.0 connecting… the sharing of ideas…. Social networking… many are doing this by themselves….
  • Photo of plagarism:
  • Difference between mashup and remixMashup may refer to:Mashup (music), the musical genre encompassing songs which consist entirely of parts of other songsMashup (video), a video that is edited from more than one source to appear as oneMashup (book), a book which combines a pre-existing text, often a classic work of fiction, with a certain popular genre such as vampire or zombie narrativesMashup (web application hybrid), a web application that combines data and/or functionality from more than one sourceMash-Up (Glee), a musical theater performance composed of integrated segments from other performances as popularized by the American television series Glee
  • The Sun…
  • 12 million college students currently take one or more classes onlineThis figure is expected to exceed 22 million in 5 years
  • million students will take classes in a physical classroom3.55 million will take ALL classes online18.65 will take some classes online
  • Horizon 2013 The workforce demands skills from college graduates that are more often acquired from informal learning experiences than in universities. Informal learning generally refers to any learning that takes place outside of a formal school setting, but a more practical definition may be learning that is self-directed and aligns with the student’s own personal learning goals. Employers have specific expectations for new hires, including communication and critical thinking skills — talents that are often acquired or enhanced through informal learning. Online or other modern environments are trying to leverage both formal and informal learning experiences by giving students traditional assignments, such as textbook readings and paper writing, in addition to allowing for more openended,unstructured
  • Massive open online courses are attempts to create open-access online courses that provide no constraints on class size. They run over a defined period of time and are open to all. The early instantiations followed a pattern of ‘let’s put on a course here, right now’. More recent offerings take the form of free courses based on existing university teaching materials freely available online, with computer marked assessment and certificates of completion. Some courses have engaged over one hundred thousand participants.Horizon 2013 ‘ Led by the successful early experiments of world-class institutions (like MIT and Stanford), MOOCs have captured the imaginationof senior administrators and trustees like few othereducational innovations have. High profile offerings are being assembled under the banner of institutional efforts like edX, and large-scale collaborations like Coursera and the Code Academy. As the ideas evolve, MOOCs are increasingly seen as a very intriguing alternative to credit-based instruction. The prospect of a single course achieving enrollments in the tens of thousands is bringing serious conversations on topics like micro-credit to the highest levels of institutional leadership’ .Students encouraged to create their own content, present it to their peers and defend it against criticism – developing critical thinking.ConteúdogratuitoQuestiona o uso da sala de aula paratransferência de conteúdoapenasIncorporamultimidiaparataltransferência e o respeitoaoritmo de aprendizagem individualOsprofessorespodemacompanhar o que o aluno fez learning environment
  • Innovation in Education

    1. 1. “Survival!” United Kingdom Dept. Trade and Industry
    2. 2. Innovation: It is a multistage process that transforms ideas into products, services or processes new and / or improved, in order to advance, compete and differentiate themselves successfully in the market. • Invention • Improvement • Innovation
    3. 3. 1 - Identify problems or trends 2 – Propose solutions 3 – Prepare a pilot / experiment 4 – Communicating the value of the invention 5 - Tests to enhance the invention 6 – Identify the successes 7 – Process and/or product improvement 8 – Implementation and market adoption.
    4. 4. Types Product Process Marketing Organizational Forms Incremental Radical Disruptive
    5. 5. Innovation • Large technological advances • Non-competitive, obsolete Martin Cooper Inventor of the first commercial cell phone
    6. 6. Innovation
    7. 7. Innovation • Whitening toothpaste
    8. 8. “Learning and innovation go hand in hand. The arrogance of success is to think that what you did yesterday will be sufficient for tomorrow.” -William Pollard English clergyman 1828-1893
    9. 9. Preparing students to participate in their world Lots of Problems What shapes the future and the world Solves a problems
    10. 10. Tendencies and Problems • Rapidly evolving world - technology - students - unknown future • Globalization • Financial limitations • Bauman’s Disease • Teachers
    11. 11. Source: Kelly Hodgkins
    12. 12. Cloud Computing
    13. 13. “We shape our tools then our tools shape us” Marshal McLuhan (1911-1980) Philosopher of communication theory Work is considered cornerstone of media theory Predicted the world wide web almost 30 years before it was invented
    14. 14. Students will spend: 68% 51% 34% 23% text Social network 3 hours a day online 2.5 hours a day listening to music Several times per day Heavy social media
    15. 15. 70 billion 80% Forbes, 2013
    16. 16. Digital Natives
    17. 17. 53% of mobile gamers are female
    18. 18. Future studies Key drivers of change • • • Technology Globalization Demographics Oslo Manual, 3rd Edition. (2005). Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data, 169, p.49.
    19. 19. Constantly evolving… “…this small though statistically important gain was not sustained into the second year of implementation.” Balankskat, A. et al 2006, p27
    20. 20. TRENDS… • TV, Internet, Radio • More mobile • 29% Multi-tasking • Mash-ups - Mix of two or more
    21. 21. They are: - more self-directed - better at capturing information - more reliant on feedback from peers - more inclined to collaborate - inclined to be their own nodes of production
    22. 22. “In a hunting culture, kids play with bows and arrows. In an information society, they play with information.” Henry Jenkins Convergence Culture, pg. 134
    23. 23. “We’re moving out of an ‘Information Age’ and into a ‘Conceptual Age’… …a time where people who design, people who create, people who see the big picture and can synthesize vast amounts of input are who will lead us forward.” -Dan Pink American author about business, work and management
    24. 24. So who is leading the way?
    25. 25. “Globalization doesn't have to be a bad thing as long as the government provides us all with the tools to cope in a changing world.” John B. Larson U.S. Congressman
    26. 26. Global competition
    27. 27. “Brazil spends the equivalent of 105% of GDP per capita on each tertiary student; however, tertiary students represent only 4% of students enrolled in all levels of education combined”
    28. 28. With the increase in the economy, more money has been invested into education, however a lower percentage of the total public expenditures.
    29. 29. William J. Baumol American Economist Professor at Princeton and NYU One of the most influential economists in the world according to IDEAS/RePec
    30. 30. “ He who innovates will have for his enemies those who are well off under the existing order of things, and only lukewarm supporters in those who might be better off under the new” Niccolo Machiaveli, The prince
    31. 31. “Any teacher who can be replaced by a computer, should be.” B.F. Skinner
    32. 32. “Web2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflect and reimagine what they do as scholars.” -Greenhow, Robelia & Hughes, 2009
    33. 33. “The problem is never how to get new, innovative thoughts into your mind, but how to get old ones out.” - Dee Hock Founder of Visa International
    34. 34. “More change will happen in education in the next ten years than in the past one hundred.” Stephen Heppell (2011)
    35. 35. Educational Paradigms
    36. 36. “The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think -rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the memory with the thoughts of other men.” John Dewey (1859 –1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
    37. 37. New learners: -Constantly evolving Unknown future -Digital Literacy Filtering and Selecting Organizing – Reusing / Repurposing Collaboration - Social networking Creating content Self-presenting Managing identity/ e-safety -Mash-ups
    38. 38. Tools Web 2.0
    39. 39. Publications are connecting the use of these tools with these new paradigms… Wiki and blogs: Create Evaluate Analyze Apply Understand Remenber
    40. 40. Degree of information connectivity Intelligent Agents Knowledge Bases Personal Assistants Knowledge Management Taxonomy Group minds “The relationship Web” Semantic Web [3.0] Connects Knowledge 2010-2020 Metaweb [4.0] Connects intelligence 2020-2030 Ontologies Semantic Web Enterprise Portals Web[1.0] Connects information 1990-2000 Web sites File Servers Semantic weblogs Social Networks Groupware P2p Smart Marketplace Enterprise Minds Decentralized Communities Artificial Intelligence Databases Content Portals The global brain Knowledge Networks Search Engines E-mail RSS Wikis Social Software [2.0] Connects people 2000-2010 USENET Blogs Community Portals Degree of social connectivity Conferencing
    41. 41. “Getting information off the internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant.” Mitchell Kapor Founder of Lotus Development Corp and first chair of Mozilla
    42. 42. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison (1847-1931)
    43. 43. “People who think outside the box often talk to people who play in a different box to get new ideas” Clayton Christensen Innovator Guru – Professor at Harvard University – author of ‘The Innovator’s Dilemma’ – cofounder of Innosight, consulting firm for innovation
    44. 44. Como citar
    45. 45. Mash-ups “Every act of creation is first of all an act of destruction.” -Picasso
    46. 46. Design-thinking 58
    47. 47. 5.14 In a physical classroom 3.55 ALL classes online 18.65 some class online Rapidly evolving world
    48. 48. Disruptive Innovation “the innovations are not independent, but fit together into a new and disruptive form of education that transcends boundaries between formal and informal settings, institutional and selfdirected learning, and traditional education providers and commercial organizations” (Open University Innovating Pedagogy 2012:6)
    49. 49. Learning Management System (LMS) Personal Learning Environment (PLE)
    50. 50. Flipped Classroom home school
    51. 51. Formal Education Distance Learning Open University Inflation of credentials Traditional professions MOOCs Blended Learning flipped PLE LMS CSCL Informal Education MOOCs Bearpit Pedagogy Folksonomies Informatics
    52. 52. Thank you in Chinese