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  • 1. GLOSARY<br />JULIANA ARISTIZABAL ORTIZ<br />I.E. COLEGIO LOYOLA PARA LA CIENCIA Y LA INNOVACIÓN<br />ENGLISH<br />MEDELLIN<br />2011<br />GLOSARY<br />JULIANA ARISTIZABAL ORTIZ<br />WORD OF ENGLISH<br />Joel Muriel<br />TEACHER<br />I.E. COLEGIO LOYOLA PARA LA CIENCIA Y LA INNOVACIÓN<br />ENGLISH/ 9-2<br />MEDELLIN<br />2011<br />1038225-267335GlosaryGlosary<br />A ·gain [ə gén]<br />Adverb <br />1. at another time: at another time or on another occasion, repeating what has happened or been done before<br />I hope to come here again someday.<br /> 2. as before: to the place, person, or state where somebody or something was earlier<br />Will I ever be able to walk again?<br /> 3. Differently: on the other hand<br />You may be right, but again you may be wrong.<br /> 4. In addition: in addition to a previously mentioned quantity<br />You'll need all that and half as much again.<br /> 5. Moreover: similarly and in addition<br />Again, that is something that the court must take into account.<br /> 6. Caribbean these days: nowadays or any longer<br />He doesn't live here again.<br /> 7. Caribbean after all: used to indicate that what has happened or been done represents a change of plan or is contrary to expectations<br />What happen, you not doing accounting again?<br /> 8. Caribbean more: in addition<br />How long again do you have to go?<br /> [Old English ongēan "in a direct line with, facing" or "back to a starting point" < Germanic]<br />Again and again repeatedly<br />An- swer [ánssər]<br />Noun (plural an- swers) <br />1. Response to question: the information requested by a spoken or written question <br />2. way of solving something: the solution to a problem<br />Trying to find an answer to our ecological problems<br /> 3. Response to action: a reaction intended to deal with something that somebody says or does<br />She had no answer to her opponent's lethal backhand.<br /> 4. Response to call: a response to a summons, e.g. a ringing telephone, a doorbell, or somebody calling your name<br />I tried phoning him, but there was no answer.<br /> 5. Corresponding thing: something designed to match or correspond to something else<br />The Space Needle is Seattle's answer to the Eiffel Tower.<br />6. Law plea in court: a defendant's plea in response to a charge, lawsuit, or summons <br />Verb (past and past participle an• swered, present participle an• swer• ing, 3rd person present singular an• swers) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb reply to something: to reply to something written or spoken<br />Answered with a stinging rebuttal<br /> 2. Do something in reaction: to do something as a reaction to something that somebody says or does <br />3. Transitive and intransitive verb respond to call: to respond to a summons such as a ringing telephone, a doorbell, or somebody calling your name <br />4. Transitive and intransitive verb correspond to something: to match or correspond to something<br />Nobody who answers to that description<br /> 5. Transitive and intransitive verb meet need: to fulfill a need or wish<br />Her arrival answered our need for an experienced radiologist.<br /> 6. Intransitive verb serve purpose: to be adequate in serving a purpose<br />An upturned box that answers for a seat<br /> 7. Transitive verb law respond to charge in court: to offer a plea in response to a charge, lawsuit, or summons<br />The defendant will now answer the charges.<br /> [Old English andswaru < Germanic, "swear against"]<br />-an• swer• er, noun<br />Know or have all the answers to be admirably knowledgeable about a subject<br />Word Key: Synonyms<br />Answer, reply, response, retort, riposte, rejoinder, <br />CORE MEANING: something said, written, or done in acknowledgment of a question or remark, or in reaction to a situation<br />Answer the information requested by a spoken or written question; <br />He wasn't sure he had given the right answer to Question 3a.<br />She searched for an appropriate answer to Jason's question about job prospects. Reply a reaction, usually written or spoken, to a question, letter, or situation; <br />A written reply to our letter<br />"How do you know that?" she asked, but her friend only giggled in reply. Response a spoken or written answer or a reaction to a situation; <br />Could I have your response by Wednesday?<br />His comments sparked an angry response in the press.<br />A steady improvement in ambulance response timesretort a sharp spoken reply, often to criticism; <br />Polly managed to suppress a cutting retort. Riposte a quick or witty reply, usually spoken; <br />You can never manage to deliver a witty riposte at the time, but always think of one later. Rejoinder (formal) a sharp, critical, angry, or clever reply, usually spoken; <br />"Of course the school is to blame," came the parents' angry rejoinder.<br />Be ·fore [bi fáwr]<br />CORE MEANING: a grammatical word indicating that a point in time, event, or situation precedes another in a sequence<br />Prep we try all of the products before deciding to stock them.<br />Conjunction we lost a lot of manufacturing jobs in the 12 years before I became president.<br />Conjunction she died at the hospital before her parents could reach her side.<br />Adverb they had left the subway terminal perhaps twenty minutes before.<br />Adverb He has had this nightmare before.1. Prep, conjunction, adverb <br />Earlier: earlier than a date, time, or event <br />2. Prep, conjunction <br />Indicates sequence: used to indicate a sequence of actions, one preceding the other and closely connected with it <br />3. Prep <br />In presence of: in the presence of a person or body of people<br />Spoke before a huge crowd<br /> 4. Prep <br />With more importance than: indicating that one thing is preferable to or more important than another<br />Their needs come before yours.<br /> 5. Prep <br />Indicates location: located close to something but just ahead of it <br />6. Prep <br />Ahead of: stretching ahead of somebody <br />7. Adverb <br />Previously: on a previous occasion <br />8. Conjunction <br />Rather than: used to indicate that somebody would prefer to do one thing rather than what he or she considers to be a worse thing<br />I'll die before I'll tell you anything about it.<br /> [Old English beforan < Germanic]<br />Be ·lieve [bi lv]<br />(Past and past participle be· lieved, present participle be· liev· ing, 3rd person present singular be· lieves) <br />Verb <br />1. Transitive verb accept something as true: to accept that something is true or real<br />I don't know which story to believe.<br /> 2. Transitive verb accept somebody as truthful: to accept that somebody is telling the truth<br />Nobody will believe you!<br />I don't believe him.<br /> 3. Transitive verb credit somebody with something: to accept that somebody or something has a particular quality or ability<br />No one believed her capable of such a malicious remark.<br /> 4. Intransitive verb think that something exists: to be of the opinion that something exists or is a reality, especially when there is no absolute proof of its existence or reality<br />Believe in reincarnation<br /> 5. Intransitive verb have trust: to be confident that somebody or something is worthwhile or effective<br />We all believe in you.<br /> 6. Intransitive verb think something is good: to be of the opinion that something is right or beneficial and, usually, to act in accordance with that belief<br />Believed strongly in freedom of expression<br /> 7. Intransitive verb have religious faith: to have a belief in God or in a religion's gods <br />[Old English belyfan, alteration of gelēfan < Germanic, "to love, trust"]<br />-be· liev· er, noun<br />Make believe to pretend, especially in play<br />Bring [bring]<br />(Past and past participle brought [brawt], present participle bring· ing, 3rd person present singular brings) <br />Verb <br />1. Transitive verb accompany or carry somebody or something: to come from one place to another with somebody or something<br />Please bring me a glass of water.<br /> 2. Transitive verb attract something: to draw something to yourself or another person<br />This charm is supposed to bring luck.<br /> 3. Transitive verb make something happen: to cause something to take place<br />The heavy rain brought flooding.<br />4. Transitive verb put something in particular state: to force somebody or something to arrive at a particular situation or condition<br />The chairperson brought the meeting to a close.<br /> 5. Transitive verb cause something to enter mind: to cause something to enter somebody's mind<br />Seeing you brings memories of good times.<br /> 6. Reflexive verb make yourself do something: to persuade or force yourself to do something (usually with negatives or in questions) <br />She still can't bring herself to think about the tragedy.<br /> 7. Transitive verb sell for particular price: to be sold for a particular price <br />8. Transitive verb law begin action: to begin a legal action <br />9. Transitive verb present evidence: to present evidence before a court <br />10. Transitive verb Malaysia Singapore U.K. regional takes somebody or something: to take somebody or something somewhere<br />I brought my friend to the airport when she left.<br /> [Old English bringan < Indo-European]<br />-bring· er, noun<br /> But· ler [búttlər]<br />(Plural but· lers) <br />Noun <br /> Chief servant: the male head servant in a large or important household, with responsibilities that include overseeing the other staff, taking care of the wine and silverware, and sometimes receiving guests <br />[13th century. < Anglo-Norman buteler, Old French boteillier "cup-bearer" < boteille (see bottle)]<br />Can· not [ká nòt, kə nót]<br />Contraction <br /> The usual way of writing "can- not" <br />See help. <br />Choice [choyss]<br />Noun (plural choices) <br />1. Act of choosing something or somebody: a decision to choose one thing, person, or course of action in preference to others<br />Think very carefully before you make a choice.<br /> 2. Power to choose: the chance or ability to choose between different things<br />They gave us no choice.<br /> 3. Selection of things: a variety of things, people, or possibilities from which to choose<br />A wide choice of styles and colors<br /> 4. Chosen object: a person, thing, or course of action chosen by somebody from among a range of possibilities<br />Red would not have been my choice.<br /> 5. Best part: the best or most desirable part <br />Adjective (comparative choic· er, superlative choic· est) <br />1. high-quality: of particularly good quality <br />2. Rude or emphatic: carefully chosen for effectiveness and usually expressing displeasure or dislike in a sufficiently emphatic way (used euphemistically) <br />A few choice words<br /> [13th century. < Old French chois < choisir "choose" < Germanic]<br />-choice· ness, noun<br />Of choice chosen from among several as being the best or most appropriate<br />The newspaper of choice<br />Cou· ple [kúpp'l]<br />Noun (plural cou· ples) <br />1. Two similar things: two things of the same kind that are together or are considered as a pair<br />Found a couple of mugs in the cupboard<br /> 2. Several: a few things of the same kind<br />There are a couple of questions I'm not sure about.<br />3. Two people sharing lives: two people who are married, are living together, or have an intimate relationship <br />4. Two people doing something together: two people, especially a man and a woman, who are sitting, walking, dancing, or working together<br />There were only a few couples on the dance floor.<br /> 5. Something that joins: something that links or joins two similar things <br />6. Mechanical engineering system of opposing forces: in mechanics, a system of two equal forces that are parallel and operate in opposite directions <br />7. Hunting pair of dogs: a pair of hunting dogs attached to each other by a leash, or the double collar and leash on which they are held <br />8. Physics electricity electrical contact: a connection of two dissimilar metals that develops an electric current in the presence of an electrical conductor electrolyte <br />Verb (past and past participle cou· pled, present participle cou ·pling, 3rd person present singular cou· ples) <br />1. Transitive verb associate two things: to associate or combine one person or thing with another<br />High prices coupled with poor living conditions made their lives difficult.<br />2. Transitive verb join two things: to join or link two things or people<br />To couple freight cars<br />3. Intransitive verb have sex: to have sexual intercourse (formal) <br />Adjective <br /> A few: two or a few (informal) <br />A couple of days ago<br /> [13th century. Via French < Latin copula "link"<br />-cou· ple· Dom, noun<br />When couple refers to two partners or married people, it may be treated as singular or plural, depending on whether the couple acts as a single unit or as two separate people within the relationship: The couple wants to be married before the end of the year. The couple have not reconciled, and continue to live apart. However, if a pronoun refers to couple, it is almost always plural (they, them, their), and so the verb should be plural as well: The couple have [not has] repeatedly asked that their privacy be respected. In other uses, couple is often followed by of and a plural noun, in which case it is treated as plural: A couple of books were on the table. In informal uses the strict sense of "two" may be expanded to "several." The use of couple without off in such contexts (I bought a couple CDs.) is increasingly heard but should be avoided in formal writing. <br />Daugh ·ter [dáwtər]<br />Noun (plural daugh· ters) <br />1. Female child: somebody's female child <br />2. Woman or girl connected with place: a woman or girl considered as a product of a place or institution (formal) <br />Daughter of the church<br /> 3. Product of something: something produced by or issuing from something else (literary) <br />Truth is the daughter of time.<br /> 4. Descendant: a woman or girl descendant (literary) <br />A daughter of Eve<br /> 5. Nuclear physics nuclide formed by radioactive decay: a nuclide formed from an element by radioactive decay <br />Adjective <br />1. Formed from something else: formed by or from a similar thing, usually retaining close links with it and sometimes remaining subordinate to it <br />2. Being offspring: produced by a process of reproduction, replication, or division <br />[Old English dohtor < Indo-European]<br />-Daugh· ter· less, adjective <br />Eat [eet]<br />(Past ate [ayt], past participle eat· en [t'n], present participle eat· ing, 3rd person present singular eats) <br />Verb <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb consume as sustenance: to take something into the mouth as food and swallow it<br />They hadn't eaten for three days.<br /> 2. Intransitive verb dine: to have a meal<br />Are you ready to eat?<br /> 3. Transitive verb consume something usually: to include something as a usual or fundamental part of a diet<br />Do dogs eat fish?<br /> 4. Transitive and intransitive verb penetrate: to penetrate the surface of something by corrosive or mechanical action<br />Rust had eaten into the chrome.<br /> 5. Transitive verb bother somebody: to bother or annoy somebody (slang) <br />What's eating her?<br /> 6. Transitive verb use large quantity of something: to use or consume something in large quantities (slang) <br />A big car that eats gas<br /> 7. Transitive verb U.S. absorbs cost of something: to absorb the cost of something (slang) <br />You're going to have to eat that traffic fine.<br /> 8. Transitive verb taboo term: a highly offensive term meaning to perform oral sex on somebody (taboo) <br />9. Transitive verb U.S. vanquish: to attack and subdue a person or group, e.g. in a competition (slang) <br />Ate us in the second half<br /> [Old English etan < Indo-European]<br />-eat· er, noun <br />E· vil [v'l]<br />Adjective <br />1. Morally bad: profoundly immoral or wrong <br />2. Harmful: deliberately causing great harm, pain, or upset<br />This evil act is clearly the work of terrorists.<br /> 3. Causing misfortune: characterized by, bringing, or signifying bad luck<br />An evil omen<br /> 4. Malicious: characterized by a desire to cause hurt or harm<br />An evil mood<br /> 5. Devilish: connected with the devil or other powerful destructive forces<br />Evil spirits<br /> 6. Disagreeable: very unpleasant<br />What an evil smell!<br /> Noun (plural e· vils) <br />1. Wickedness: the quality of being profoundly immoral or wrong <br />2. E· vilforce causing harmful effects: the force believed to bring about harmful, painful, or unpleasant events<br />A struggle between good and evil<br /> 3. Something evil: a situation or thing that is very unpleasant, harmful, or morally wrong<br />The social evil of alcoholism<br /> [Old English yfel < Indo-European, "exceeding due limits"]<br />-e· vil· ly, adverb<br />-e· vil· ness, noun<br />Fol· low [fóllō]<br />Verb (past and past participle fol· lowed, present participle fol ·low· ing, 3rd person present singular fol· lows) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb come after somebody or something: to come after somebody or something in position, time, or sequence<br />The main course followed by dessert<br /> 2. Transitive verb add to something already done: to add to something already done by doing something else, usually a related thing<br />She'll follow her lecture with a demonstration.<br /> 3. Transitive and intransitive verb go after somebody or something: to take the same route behind another person, e.g. by walking down the street or driving along the same road, deliberately or by chance<br />Followed them home<br /> 4. Transitive verb keep somebody under surveillance: to have somebody's movements under constant surveillance<br />Ordering the suspect to be followed<br /> 5. Transitive verb watch somebody or something closely: to watch, observe, or pay close attention to somebody or something<br />Eyes seemed to follow me around the room<br /> 6. Transitive verb go along route: to go along something such as a road or path<br />Following the path<br /> 7. Transitive verb take same direction as something: to take the same course or go in the same direction as something else<br />The road follows the river along the valley.<br /> 8. Transitive verb go as directed by something: to go in the direction indicated by something such as a signpost<br />Follow that sign ahead.<br /> 9. Transitive verb obey something: to act in accordance with something, especially with instructions or directions given by somebody else<br />Only if you follow my instructions<br /> 10. Transitive verb develop in accordance with something: to be or develop in accordance with something, usually something already known about or established<br />Following the same pattern of behavior<br /> 11. Transitive and intransitive verb do same as somebody or something: to imitate or do the same as somebody or something<br />She followed her father into medicine.<br /> 12. Transitive and intransitive verb understand something: to understand something such as an explanation or narrative<br />Can’t follow her explanation<br /> 13. Transitive verb engage in activity: to engage in or practice something such as a career, occupation, or lifestyle<br />I decided to follow a career in law.<br />14. Transitive verb keep abreast of something: to keep informed about or up to date with the progress of something<br />Are you following the television series about twins?<br /> 15. Transitive verb be about something: to be about somebody or something, especially to describe or depict what happens to somebody or something over a period of time<br />The story follows a typical American family.<br /> 16. Intransitive verb result from something: to happen after and as a result of something else<br />Issue too many instructions and confusion invariably follows.<br /> 17. Transitive and intransitive verb be logical result: to be a logical consequence of something<br />Follows from their loss of sponsorship<br /> 18. Transitive verb read words or music: to read the words or music of something while listening to it <br />19. Transitive verb Malaysia accompanies somebody: to go with somebody<br />Can I follow you to the market?<br /> Noun (plural fol· lows) <br /> Cue games same as follow shot (sense 1) <br />[Old English folgian, fylgan, origin?]<br />-fol ·low ·a· ble, adjective<br />As follows as listed or described next<br />Word Key: Synonyms<br />Follow, chase, pursue, tail, shadow, stalk, trail, <br />CORE MEANING: to go after or behind<br />Follow to take the same route behind another person, for example, by walking down the street or driving along the same road, deliberately or by chance, and not necessarily with the intention of closing the gap; <br />"Will you please follow me," she said.<br />He's usually closely followed by two bodyguards. Chase to follow somebody quickly in order to catch him or her <br />Once a pack of reporters had chased him to his car Pursue to follow somebody, sometimes for a long time, in order to catch or capture him or her; <br />The group was pursued from the theater by hordes of female fans. Tail (informal) to follow somebody secretly in order to keep watch on him or her; <br />The report claimed officers tailed him, tapped his phones, and screened his mail. Shadow to go everywhere that somebody else goes, especially secretly, in order to watch what he or she is doing; <br />Until he saw the photographs, he had had no idea he was being shadowed. Stalk to follow or try to get close to a person or hunted animal unobtrusively, or harass a person criminally by following or contacting them obsessively; <br />Watched their cat patiently stalking a bird<br />an abusive man who stalked his former partnertrail to follow tracks or traces left by a person or animal that is no longer in sight; <br />The police trailed the missing couple all over Europe by their hotel registrations and bank withdrawals.<br />We could smell the pungent scent of fox as we trailed dog-like paw marks.<br />Go ·ing [gṓ ing]<br />Noun (plural go· ings) <br />1. Act of leaving: an act of leaving somewhere <br />2. Conditions for progress: conditions for making progress<br />The going gets tough when you reach the rocky terrain.<br /> 3. Conditions under foot: the state of the ground as it affects ease and speed of movement, especially for horses in a race<br />The going is good on the track.<br /> Adjective <br />1. Successful: currently operating successfully<br />A going business<br /> 2. Accepted as standard: currently accepted as standard or valid<br />The going rate for platinum<br /> 3. Existing: currently in existence or available<br />The best thing going <br />Hide [hīd]<br />Verb (past hid, past participle hid· den [hídd'n] or hid [hid], present participle hid· ing, 3rd person present singular hides) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb move out of sight: to conceal yourself, or something or somebody else, from view <br />2. Transitive verb keep something secret: to prevent something from becoming known <br />3. transitive verb block view of something: to obscure something by passing, or passing something, in front of it, or by being temporarily or permanently in front of it<br />The clouds hid the sun for a while.<br /> 4. Transitive verb turn face away: to turn away or cover the face or eyes with the hands, e.g. so that the expression cannot be seen or in order to avoid seeing something <br />Noun (plural hides) <br /> U.K. Australia New Zealand Same as blindn (sense 5) <br />[Old English hȳdan < W Germanic]<br />Hun· gry [húng gree]<br />(Comparative hun· gri· er, superlative hun· gri· est) <br />Adjective <br />1. Wanting to eat: wanting or needing food <br />2. Causing hunger: using up a lot of energy and making somebody want or need food<br />Hungry work<br /> 3. Avid: wanting or desiring something very much<br />Hungry for new experiences<br /> 4. Ambitious: having great ambition or a powerful desire to win (informal) <br />They won because they were hungrier than we were.<br /> [Old English hungrig, related to hunger]<br />-hun· gri· ly, adverb<br />-hun· gri· ness, noun<br />Go hungry to go without food<br />In· stead [in stéd]<br />Adverb <br /> In place of something: as a replacement or substitute for something <br />[13th century. < in1 + stead "place"]<br />Instead of as an alternative to or substitute for something<br />Jest· er [jéstər]<br />(Plural jest· ers) <br />Noun <br />1. Entertainer: an entertainer employed at a medieval court to amuse the monarch and guests <br />2. Somebody who jokes: somebody who likes fun or making jokes <br />Just [just]<br />Adverb <br />1. in immediate past: a very short time ago<br />The train just left.<br /> 2. at this moment: indicating that somebody will begin doing something or something will start happening now (used also with "about to" and "going to") <br />I'll just go and get it.<br />I was just about to tell you.<br /> 3. Only: only or merely the thing, amount, or situation mentioned<br />This is just a warning.<br /> 4. Barely: by only a small degree or margin<br />I arrived just in time.<br /> 5. used for emphasis: used to emphasize a statement, usually in order to express an emotion<br />It's just plain wrong.<br /> 6. Exactly: precisely the thing, amount, or situation mentioned<br />It's just what you need.<br /> Adjective <br />1. Fair and impartial: acting with fairness and impartiality <br />2. Morally correct: done, pursued, or given in accordance with what is morally right <br />3. Reasonable: valid or reasonable <br />[14th century. Via French < Latin justus < jus "law, right"]<br />-just· ly, adverb<br />-just· ness, noun<br />Just about used to indicate that something is the case, but only by a very small degree or amount<br />I can just about reach it.<br />These days, you can travel just about anywhere.<br />Just a moment or second or minute used to ask someone to wait for a short time<br />Just like that without great effort, trouble, or inconvenience<br />I can't move to another country just like that.<br />Just now <br />1. A very short time ago<br />2. at this very moment<br />Just so <br />1. Used to express agreement with or confirmation of a statement that has just been made<br />2. Done or arranged precisely<br />They wanted the room decorated just so.<br />King [king]<br />Noun (plural kings) <br />1. Male sovereign: a man or boy who rules as a monarch over an independent state <br />2. Chief: a ruler of a group<br />Jupiter was king of the Roman gods.<br /> 3. Best example: any animal considered as the best, strongest, or biggest of its kind<br />The lion is variously called the king of beasts or the king of the jungle.<br /> 4. Preeminent man: the principal man or preeminent male figure in a field<br />King of the talk shows<br /> 5. High face card: a card in each suit of a deck that carries the picture of a king <br />6. Principal chess piece: the most important piece in chess, whose capture wins the game <br />7. crowned piece in checkers: a piece in the game of checkers that has reached the far side of the board and has been crowned, and may therefore move in any direction <br />Transitive verb (past and past participle kinged, present participle king· ing, 3rd person present singular kings) <br />1. Crown piece in checkers: to make a piece into a king in the game of checkers<br />2. Crown somebody king: to make somebody a king <br />[Old English cyning < Germanic]<br />-king· ship, noun <br />Know [nō]<br />(Past knew [noo], past participle known [nōn], present participle know· ing, 3rd person present singular knows) <br />Verb <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb hold information in mind: to have information firmly in the mind or committed to memory<br />They know the names of all the U.S. presidents.<br /> 2. Transitive and intransitive verb be certain about something: to believe firmly in the truth or certainty of something<br />I know she wouldn't be late without a good reason.<br />3. Transitive and intransitive verb realize something: to be or become aware of something<br />I didn't know you cared.<br /> 4. Transitive verb comprehend something: to have a thorough understanding of something through experience or study<br />Know computers<br /> 5. Transitive verb have encountered somebody or something before: to be acquainted, associated, or familiar with somebody or something<br />I have known John for years.<br /> 6. Transitive verb recognize differences: to be able to perceive the differences or distinctions between things or people<br />Old enough to know right from wrong<br /> 7. Transitive verb identify somebody or something by characteristic: to recognize somebody or something by a distinguishing characteristic or attribute<br />I'd know him anywhere by his peculiar laugh.<br /> 8. Transitive verb have sex with somebody: to engage in sexual intercourse with somebody (archaic) <br />[Old English cnāwan < Indo-European]<br />-know· a· ble, adjective<br />-know· er, noun<br />In the know possessing information that is secret or known only to a small group of people<br />Know something back to front U.K. same as know something backward and forward<br />Know something backward and forward to be completely familiar with all the details of or facts about something<br />Know something backwards U.K. Same as know something backward and forward<br />Let it be or make it known to make sure that people know about something, especially by way of a formal announcement or via a third party<br />She let it be known that she was not happy with their offer.<br />Make you rself known to introduce or announce yourself<br />Not know where to put yourself to feel acutely embarrassed (informal)<br />You know used to fill a pause, add emphasis to a statement, or elicit a response from a listener (informal)<br />You never know used to indicate that the outcome of events is uncertain and it is possible that something that seems unlikely could happen<br />Know or no? Do not confuse the spelling of know and no, which sound similar. Know is chiefly used as a verb, meaning "to have in the mind" (as in know what to do next), or as a noun in the phrase in the know. The word no indicates a negative response or a lack of something: No, I won't! There's no coffee left in the pot. <br />Lit· tle [lítt'l]<br />(Comparative lit· tler, superlative lit· tlest) CORE MEANING: an adjective meaning "small" or "young," or a grammatical word indicating that something exists in small quantities<br />Adjective it was only a very little mistake!<br />Adjective He was helping the little boy put on his boots.<br />Adjective I'll bring my little sister with me.<br />Adjective There was a little food left.<br />Adjective There was little chance of winning.1. adjective <br />Small: small, or of less than average size<br />He gave her a little Christmas tree ornament.<br /> 2. Adjective <br />Young: not yet grown up<br />I met her when she was just a little girl.<br /> 3. Adjective <br />Younger: refers to a younger sister or brother<br />My little sister<br /> 4. Adjective <br />Small and pleasant: small in a pleasant or good-looking way<br />His cute little habits<br /> 5. Adjective <br />Short: short in duration, or executed quickly<br />Gave a little smile<br /> 6. Adjective <br />Trivial: of no importance<br />The little things he does that bother me<br /> 7. Pronoun <br />O a little small quantity: a small amount of something<br />I only ate a little.<br /> 8. Adjective, pronoun <br />Not much: only a very small amount<br />Had little or no effect<br /> 9. Adverb <br />Hardly: hardly or not at all<br />Little did they know?<br /> 10. Adverb <br />Not often: on rare occasions<br />Visiting them little<br /> [Old English lȳtel < Germanic, "small"]<br />-lit· tle· ness, noun<br />Little by little gradually or by small degrees<br />Growing drowsy little by little<br />Lot [lot]<br />Pronoun o a lot of lots [lots] <br /> Much or many: A large amount or a large number of people or things (takes a singular or plural verb) <br />I learned a lot.<br />A lot of people came.<br />Lots of exercise is what you need.<br />You have lots of choices.<br /> Adverb (informal) <br />1. O a lot of lots much: to a great extent or degree<br />Laughed a lot<br />I'm feeling lots better, thanks.<br /> 2. Often: often or much of the time<br />Went out to restaurants a lot<br /> Noun (plural lots) <br />1. Piece of land: a small area of land that has fixed boundaries<br />A vacant lot<br /> 2. Movies film studio: a film studio together with the land that belongs to it <br />3. Items in auction: an item or group of items on sale at an auction<br />I bought the silver as one lot.<br /> 4. Set: a set or group of things or people<br />One lot of tourists has left the hotel already.<br />That lot go over there.<br /> 5. Type of group: a group of people or things of a particular kind (informal) (takes a singular or plural verb) <br />They're a cheerful lot.<br /> 6. Destiny: the things somebody has or experiences in life<br />Our lot in life<br /> 7. Random choice: the process of choosing something at random, especially by taking from a set of pieces of paper or straws, one of which has a concealed mark or is shorter than the others<br />Chosen by lot<br /> [Old English hlot "object used to make decisions by chance, portion, destiny" < Germanic]<br />A bad lot an unpleasant or disreputable person (informal) <br />Don't have anything to do with him: he's a bad lot.<br />All over the lot (informal) <br />1. Everywhere<br />2. in a state of disorder or confusion<br />A whole lot very much or a great deal (informal)<br />Draw or cast lots to choose something at random, e.g. a straw or piece of paper, to determine an outcome<br />We cast lots to decide who should go first.<br />The lot everything or everything considered as one (informal)<br />A lot or alot<br />The superficial similarity of a lot to adjectives and adverbs like alone and aloud gives rise to a temptation to treat the expression as one word, but this is nonstandard usage. In formal writing much, many, a great deal of, and the like can be substituted for a lot.<br />Love· ly [lúvvlee]<br />Adjective (comparative love· li· er, superlative love ·li· est) <br />1. Beautiful and pleasing: beautiful and pleasing, especially in a harmonious way<br />A lovely view<br /> 2. Delightful: very enjoyable or pleasant<br />We had a lovely time.<br /> 3. Caring: loving or friendly and caring<br />She's a lovely person.<br /> 4. Attracting love: attracting or inspiring love in others <br />Noun (plural love· lies) <br /> Somebody or something good-looking: an attractive or good-looking person or thing, especially a woman (often used in the plural; sometimes considered offensive) <br />-love· li· ness, noun<br />Word Key: Synonyms<br />See good-looking.<br />Mas· ter [mástər]<br />Noun (plural mas ·ters) <br />1. Boss: especially formerly, a man in a position of authority, e.g. over a business or servants (sometimes considered offensive) <br />2. Somebody in control: somebody or something controlling or influencing events or other things (sometimes considered offensive) <br />3. Abstract control: an abstract idea or force that is thought of as having control or influence (sometimes considered offensive) <br />She believes strongly that fate is the master of our lives.<br /> 4. Owner of animal: a man who owns or has control of a horse, dog, or other domesticated animal <br />5. Somebody highly skilled: somebody highly skilled at something <br />6. Skilled worker: somebody who is highly skilled in a trade or craft and is qualified to teach apprentices (usually used in combination) <br />Master craftsman<br /> 7. Player at high level: in some games, a player who has reached a high level of achievement, especially in chess or bridge. See also International Master <br />8. Original copy: an original copy of something, e.g. a recording tape or a stencil, from which other copies can be made <br />9. Leader: somebody whose philosophy or religious belief has attracted followers (sometimes considered offensive) <br />10. Ship’s captain: the captain of a merchant ship <br />11. Law specialist assisting judge: a specialist, sometimes a retired judge, who assists a court by making a report to the judge presiding over a case, often a highly complex case <br />12. Comput controlling machine: a device or computer that controls the operation of one or more other connected devices or computers (sometimes considered offensive) <br />Adjective (sometimes considered offensive) <br />1. Main: devised to operate on the broadest level<br />A master plan<br /> 2. Controlling: controlling the operation of everything or of all others<br />The master switch<br /> 3. Principal: biggest or primary among several<br />The master bedroom<br /> Transitive verb (past and past participle mas· tered, present participle mas· ter· ing, 3rd person present singular mas· ters) <br />1. become skilled in something: to become highly skilled in something or acquire a complete understanding of it <br />2. Control something: to learn to control feelings or behavior (sometimes considered offensive) <br />3. Make somebody or something submit: to break the will of a person or animal (sometimes considered offensive) <br />4. Make master recording: to produce a master recording of something <br />[Pre-12th century. < Old French maistre < Latin magister "chief" < magis "more"]<br />-mas· ter· less, adjective<br />-mas· ter· ship, noun <br />Pun· ish [púnnish]<br />(Past and past participle pun· ished, present participle pun· ish· ing, 3rd person present singular pun· ish· es) <br />Verb <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb make somebody undergo penalty: to subject somebody to a penalty for wrongdoing <br />2. Transitive verb impose penalty on crime: to respond to a crime or other wrong act by imposing a penalty (often passive) <br />Crimes formerly punished by death<br /> 3. Transitive verb treat somebody or something roughly: to treat somebody or something harshly, causing damage or pain<br />Punished the champ with some powerful body blows<br /> 4. Transitive verb treat somebody unfairly: to treat somebody unfairly or discriminate against somebody <br />[14th century. < Old French puniss-, stem of punir < Latin punire < poena "penalty"]<br />-pun· ish· a· ble, adjective<br />-pun· ish· er, noun <br />Ring· hals [ríng hàlss]<br />(Plural ring· Hals or ring· Hals ·es) <br />Noun <br /> Spitting snake: a snake related to the cobra that has a small rough-skinned black or brown body and can spit jets of venom from its fangs at an aggressor. Native to: southern Africa. <br />Latin name: Hemachatus hemachatus <br />[Late 18th century. < Afrikaans, "ring-neck," from the one or two white rings across the snake's neck]<br />Say [say]<br />Verb (past and past participle said [sed], present participle say· ing, 3rd person present singular says [sez]) <br />1. Transitive verb utter something: to utter something in a normal voice, not singing, shouting, or whispering <br />2. Transitive and intransitive verb express verbally: to convey information or express feelings in spoken words <br />3. Transitive verb state something: to utter something as a matter of fact, belief, or prediction<br />Was said to be the largest in captivity<br /> 4. Transitive verb indicate something: to convey information in written or printed words, numbers, or symbols<br />The clock said midnight.<br />The rules say that you may not kick your opponent.<br /> 5. Transitive verb make case for or against something: to utter something by way of argument, explanation, or excuse<br />There's much to be said for a dress code.<br /> 6. Transitive verb command something: to utter something as an instruction<br />Said to go<br /> 7. Transitive verb suppose something: to assume something for the sake of argument, or take something as a suitable example<br />Let's say we can't get there in time.<br /> 8. Transitive verb recite something: to utter something that has a formula or set form of words<br />Says his prayers<br /> 9. Transitive verb convey something indirectly: to convey something over and above the immediate words or superficial sound or appearance<br />Your clothes say a lot about you.<br /> 10. Transitive verb convey something important: to convey something substantial or significant in what is spoken or written<br />We talked for hours but didn't really say anything.<br /> Noun <br />1. Chance to speak: a chance or turn to say something, especially to give an opinion<br />You've already had your say.<br /> 2. Right to give opinion: the right to express an opinion and have it considered by others<br />Had no say in the decision<br /> Adverb <br /> Approximately: approximately, or as a possibility or example<br />If we get, say, three gallons<br /> Interjection (informal) <br />1. Expressing surprise: used to express surprise, admiration, or protest <br />2. Attracting attention: used to attract somebody's attention <br />[Old English secgan < Germanic]<br />-say· er, noun<br />Easier said than done used to describe something that is more difficult than it sounds<br />Enough said o 'nuff said used to indicate that nothing more need be said for a situation to be understood<br />I say U.K. (dated) <br />1. Used to express surprise, admiration, or protest<br />2. Used to attract somebody's attention<br />It goes without saying used to emphasize that there should be no doubt concerning something<br />Say when used to ask somebody to indicate when enough drink has been poured or food served (informal)<br />That is to say used to indicate that you are repeating something more clearly or in other words<br />There’s no saying used to emphasize the uncertainty of a situation<br />When all's said and done after everything has been discussed and considered<br />You can say that again used to indicate complete agreement with what has just been said (informal)<br />Shape [shayp]<br />Noun (plural shapes) <br />1. Outline: the outline of something's form<br />His face has a square shape.<br /> 2. Something not clearly seen: something that has bulk but is not clearly seen in outline<br />She could see a shape through the fog.<br /> 3. Mathematics geometric form: a geometric form, e.g. a square, triangle, cone, or cube <br />4. General character of something: the broad character that something has<br />The overall shape of the proposals<br /> 5. Original form: the original or optimal form of something<br />The pleats lost their shape in the wash.<br /> 6. Health: the condition of somebody's health or fitness<br />She exercises regularly and is in pretty good shape.<br /> 7. Something’s condition: the condition that something is in<br />The lawn is in great shape.<br /> 8. Mold for something: a mold or pattern for making something or giving something its form <br />9. Ghost: a ghostly form or phantom <br />Transitive verb (past and past participle shaped, present participle shap· ing, 3rd person present singular shapes) <br />1. Influence something greatly: to have a profound or crucial influence over something<br />His beliefs were shaped by his upbringing.<br /> 2. Plan for nature of something: to plan or decide on what the character of something should be<br />They are meeting to shape the nation's future.<br /> 3. Give shape to something: to mold something into a different shape<br />She shapes the clay into little animals.<br />4. Psychology train with reward and punishment: to change somebody's behavior gradually using reward as the person comes closer to the desired behavior, and punishment for moving away from it <br />[Old English gesceap "creation" < Germanic, "cut out"]<br />-shaped, adjective<br />-shap · er, noun<br />Knock or lick or whip somebody or something into shape to bring somebody or something to a desired state quickly, roughly, or haphazardly (informal)<br />Take shape to take a definite form<br />ship [ship]<br />Noun (plural ships) <br />1. Large boat: a large wind-driven or engine-powered vessel designed to carry passengers or cargo over water, especially across the ocean <br />2. Large square-rigged sailboat: a large sailing vessel with three, four, or five square-rigged masts <br />3. Ship’s crew: the crew of a ship <br />4. Aircraft or spacecraft: a large aircraft or spacecraft <br />Verb (past and past participle shipped, present participle ship· ping, 3rd person present singular ships) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb transport something over water: to transport something by ship <br />2. Transitive verb transport something overland or by air: to send or transport something overland or by air, using a common carrier <br />3. Transitive verb send somebody: to send somebody to a place<br />Shipped the children off to summer camp<br /> 4. Transitive and intransitive verb commerce send or be sent to stores: to send a product to stores and make it available for purchase, or be sent in this way<br />If all goes well, the new software will be shipping early next year.<br /> 5. Transitive verb take in water: to take in water over the sides of a ship or boat<br />We're shipping water.<br /> 6. Transitive verb bring oars inside boat: to bring oars inside a boat and lay them down <br />7. Intransitive verb go on voyage: to travel on a ship <br />8. Intransitive verb work on ship: to take a job aboard a ship <br />[Old English scip < Germanic]<br />-ship ·pa· ble, adjective<br />Desert or leave a sinking ship to leave an organization that is having difficulties<br />When your ship comes in when you become rich.<br />Ship· wreck [shíp rèk]<br />Noun (plural ship· wrecks) <br />1. Sinking or destruction of ship: the sinking, destruction, or damaging of a ship while at sea <br />2. Sunken ship: a ship that has been sunk or destroyed <br />3. Destruction: the destruction or failure of something <br />Verb (past and past participle ship· wrecked, present participle ship· wreck· ing, 3rd person present singular ship· wrecks) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb involve somebody in shipwreck: to experience the sinking or destruction of a ship, or cause somebody to experience this (usually passive) <br />Was shipwrecked on a desert island<br /> 2. Transitive and intransitive verb sink ship: to sink or destroy a ship, or be sunk or destroyed at sea (usually passive) <br />3. Transitive verb ruin something: to ruin or destroy something utterly (literary) <br />Storm [stawrm]<br />Noun (plural storms) <br />1. Violent weather: a disturbance in the air above the Earth, with strong winds and usually also with rain, snow, sleet, or hail and sometimes lightning and thunder <br />2. Heavy rain or snow: a heavy fall of rain, snow, or sleet, often occurring with strong winds <br />3. Meteorology strong wind: a wind of between 103 km/64 mi and 116 km/72 mi per hour, classified as force 11 on the Beaufort scale <br />4. Rain of objects: a heavy bombardment of solid objects <br />5. Outburst of feeling: a sudden strong outpouring of feeling in reaction to something, e.g. of protest or laughter<br />A storm of anger<br /> 6. U.S. buildings same as storm window<br />(Informal) (Often used in the plural) <br />7. Military sudden strong attack: a sudden strong attack on a defended place or position <br />Verb (past and past participle stormed, present participle storm· ing, 3rd person present singular storms) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb attack violently: to attack or capture a place, especially a well-defended one, suddenly and with great force<br />Stormed the barricades<br /> 2. Transitive and intransitive verb be angry or say something angrily: to be violently and noisily angry, or say something in this way <br />3. Intransitive verb rush with violence or anger: to go somewhere in a rush, violently or angrily<br />Stormed out of the room in a huff<br /> 4. Intransitive verb meteorology blow with or without precipitation: to blow strongly, drop large amounts of rain, snow, or sleet, or do both together <br />[Old English < Indo-European, "to whirl"]<br />A storm in a teacup U.K. a fuss over something trivial<br />Take somebody or something by storm <br />1. To capture a place or overwhelm a body of enemies suddenly and with great force<br />2. To make a great and immediate impression on somebody or something<br />Up a storm U.S. with great energy and enthusiasm or skill (informal) <br />Danced up a storm at the party<br />Thank [thangk]<br />(Past and past participle thanked, present participle thank· ing, 3rd person present singular thanks) <br />Transitive verb <br />1. Express gratitude: to express feelings of gratitude to somebody or be grateful to somebody<br />We'd like to thank you for a wonderful evening.<br />Thank goodness you got here in time.<br /> 2. Blame somebody for something: to blame somebody or hold somebody responsible for something<br />You have only yourself to thank for this situation.<br /> [Old English þancian < Indo-European]<br />I'll thank you to or not to use in an ironic or angry way to ask somebody to do or not do something<br />I'll thank you not to mention that again.<br />Them· selves [əm sélvz, em sélvz]<br />Pronoun <br />1. Reflexive of "they" or "them": used to refer to a group of people or things when the object of a verb is the same as the subject<br />They all made themselves at home.<br /> 2. Their normal selves: their real or normal selves (usually used in negative statements) <br />They haven't been themselves since the accident.<br /> 3. Emphasizing: used to emphasize the people or things being referred to<br />They themselves would rather have gone to a movie.<br /> 4. Himself or herself: used to refer to an individual person without using "himself" or "herself" (informal) <br />Everyone needs to take care of themselves. <br />Use· ful [ysfəl]<br />Adjective <br />1. Serving purpose: capable of being put to use or serving a purpose <br />2. Having value: having value or benefit, or bringing an advantage <br />-use· ful· ly, adverb<br />-use· ful· ness, noun<br />Make you rself useful to do something in order to be helpful<br />wake [wayk]<br />Verb (past woke [wōk] or waked, past participle wok· en [wṓkən] or waked, present participle wak· ing, 3rd person present singular wakes) <br />1. Transitive and intransitive verb stop sleeping: to come back to a conscious state after sleeping, or make somebody do this<br />I woke suddenly at dawn.<br /> 2. Transitive and intransitive verb stop being inactive: to become alert and active after being inactive, in a daydream, or preoccupied, or make somebody do this <br />3. Transitive and intransitive verb realize or make somebody realize something: to become aware of something, or make somebody aware<br />Their pleas woke us to the situation.<br /> 4. Intransitive verb watch over corpse: to hold a vigil over the body of somebody who has died <br />5. Intransitive verb stay awake: to be or remain awake<br />"Fled is that music - Do I wake or sleep?" (John Keats Ode to a Nightingale 1819) <br />6. Transitive and intransitive verb keep watch: to keep watch over somebody or something (archaic) <br />Noun (plural wakes) <br />1. Watch kept over corpse: a vigil held over a corpse before burial or cremation <br />2. Festive gathering associated with death: a social gathering held after a funeral or, in Ireland, often after the death but before the funeral. <br />Traditionally people drink and talk about the dead person, and there is a happy jovial atmosphere. <br />[Old English wacan "become awake" < Indo-European, "be active or lively"]<br />-wak· er, noun<br />See awake.<br />Finnegans Wake, a novel (1939) by Irish writer James Joyce. <br />Joyce's last novel recounts a single night in the life of a Dublin barkeeper, Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker, and his family. An extraordinary multilayered work consisting chiefly of extended interior monologues, it is crammed with multilingual puns, poetry, and literary and historical allusions that emphasize the universal and cyclic nature of human experience.<br />Glosario en español:<br />Again:<br />adverbio otra vezI never saw him again no lo volví a ver <br />Answer:<br />1. sustantivo to letter, person, question respuesta femenino, contestación femeninoto problem solución femenino 2. verbo transitivo letter, person, question responder, contestaranswer the door abrir la puertaanswer the telephone responder al teléfono o Spanish coger el teléfonoanswer for responder deanswer back verbo transitivo y verbo intransitivo contestar, replicar <br />Before:<br />1. preposición (time) antes de(space, order) antes de, delante de 2. adverbio antesI've seen this movie before ya he visto esta películahave you been to Japan before? ¿habías estado antes or ya en Japón?the week/day before la semana/el día anterior 3. conjunction antes (de) quebefore he arrives antes de que él llegue(rather than) I would choose this book before that preferiría este libro antes que ése <br />Believe:<br />verbo transitivo creer (en) <br />Bring:<br />verbo transitivo (pretérito y participio pasado brought) traerbring it here, will you tráelo aquí, por favorcan I bring a friend? ¿puedo traer a un amigo?, puedo venir con un amigo? <br />Cannot:<br />Ver can1 <br />Choice:<br />1. sustantivo elección femenino(selection) selección femeninoyou have a choice of rice or potatoes puedes elegir entre arroz y patatasthe choice is yours tú eligesI had no choice no tuve alternativa 2. adjetivo (top quality) selecto <br />Couple:<br />sustantivo pareja femeninojust a couple un para couple of un par de <br />Daughter:<br />hija femenino <br />Eat:<br />verbo transitivo y verbo intransitivo (pretérito ate, participio pasado eaten) comer <br />Evil:<br />1. adjetivo malo 2. sustantivo mal masculino <br />Follow:<br />1. verbo transitivo seguir(understand) entenderfollow me sígueme 2. verbo intransitivo logically deducirseit follows from this that ... de esto se deduce que ...you go first and I'll follow tú ve primero que yo te sigothe requirements are as follows los requisitos son los siguientes.<br />Going:<br />adjetivo price etc vigentegoing concern empresa femenino en marcha<br />Hide:<br />1. verbo transitivo (pretérito hid, participio pasado hidden) esconderinformática ocultar 2. verbo intransitivo (pretérito hid, participio pasado hidden) esconderse <br />Hungry:<br />adjetivo hambrientoI'm hungry tengo hambre <br />Instead:<br />adverbio I'll take that one instead me llevaré mejor ese otrowould you like coffee instead? ¿Preferiría mejor café?I'll have coffee instead of tea tomaré té en vez de caféhe went instead of me fue en mi lugar <br />Jester:<br />1. sustantivo broma femeninoin jest en broma 2. verbo intransitivo bromear <br />Just:<br />1. adjetivo law, cause justo 2. adverbio (barely) justo(exactly) justo, justamente(only) sólo, solamentehave just done something acabar de hacer algoI've just seen her la acabo de verjust about (almost) casiI was just about to leave when ... estaba a punto de salir cuando ...just like that (abruptly) de repentejust now (at the moment) ahora mismoI saw her just now (a few moments ago) la acabo de verjust you wait! ¡ya verás!just be quiet! ¡cállate de una vez! <br />King:<br />Rey masculino <br />Know:<br />1. verbo transitivo (pretérito knew, participio pasado known) fact, language, how to do something saberperson, place conocer(recognize) reconocerwill you let him know that ...? ¿puedes decirle que ...? 2. verbo intransitivo (pretérito knew, participio pasado known) saberI don't know no (lo) séyes, I know sí, lo sé 3. sustantivo people in the know los enterados <br />Little:<br />1. adjetivo pequeñothe little ones los pequeños 2. sustantivo poco masculinothe little I know lo poco que séa little un pocoa little bread/wine un poco de pan/vinoa little is better than nothing más vale poco que nada 3. adverbio pocolittle by little poco a pocoa little better/bigger un poco mejor/más grandea little before 6 un poco antes de las 6<br />Lot:<br />the lot todoa lot (of), lots (of) mucho, muchosa lot of books, lots of books muchos librosa lot of butter, lots of butter mucha mantequillaa lot better/easier mucho mejor/más fácil <br />Lovely:<br />adjetivo face, hair, color, tune precioso, lindoperson, character encantadorholiday, weather, meal estupendowe had a lovely time nos lo pasamos de maravilla <br />Master:<br />1. sustantivo of dog dueño masculino, amo masculinoof ship patrón masculinobe a master of ser un maestro de 2. verbo transitivo skill, language, situation dominar <br />Punish:<br />verbo transitivo person castigar <br />Say:<br />1. verbo transitivo (pretérito y participio pasado said) decirpoem recitarthat is to say es decirwhat do you say to that? ¿qué opinas de eso?what does the note say? ¿qué dice la nota?, ¿qué pone en la nota? 2. sustantivo have one's say expresar una opinión <br />Shape:<br />1. sustantivo forma femenino 2. verbo transitivo clay modelarpersons life, character determinarthe future dar forma a<br />Ship:<br />1. sustantivo barco masculino, buque masculino 2. verbo transitivo (pretérito y participio pasado shipped) (send) enviarby sea enviar por barco <br />Shipwreck:<br />1. sustantivo naufragio masculino 2. verbo transitivo be shipwrecked naufragar<br />Storm:<br />sustantivo tormenta femenino<br />Thank:<br />verbo transitivo dar las gracias athank you graciasno thank you no, gracias <br />Themselves:<br />pronombre reflexive seemphatic ellos mismos masculino plural, ellas mismas femenino pluralthey hurt themselves se hicieron dañowhen they saw themselves in the mirror cuando se vieron en el espejothey saw it themselves lo vieron ellos mismosby themselves (alone) solos(without help) ellos solos, ellos mismos <br />Useful:<br />adjetivo útil <br />Wake:<br />1. verbo intransitivo (pretérito woke, participio pasado woken): wake (up) despertarse 2. verbo transitivo (pretérito woke, participio pasado woken): wake (up) despertar <br />