Was an English naturalist He established that all species of life have descended over the time from common ancestors In 1859 in his book he published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence He helped to investigate marine invertebrates In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence as a scientist, he was honoured with a state funeral and buried in Westminster Abbey
One of the most famous British artists Sold only 20 paintings in his lifetime, and was never recognized in his homeland while he was alive Loved the countryside, and his best work was of outdoor scenes in his native Suffolk and his London home in Hampstead Worked in the open air, thought he returned to his studio to finish his paintings
Started as an engineman Developed a new safety lamp that would not explode when used near the highly flammable gasses found in the mines Built Stockton and Darlington line linking West Durham and Darlington with the river Tees Formed the first locomotive building company in the world Was chief engineer for many British railway companies Constantly innovated and improved his engines and the tracks
Was interested in working with the deaf for all his life Opened a school for teachers of the deaf and then became a professor at Boston University In 1876, he patented his invention – the telephone Had the right to be the only one to produce telephones in the U.S. for 19 years Developed a method of making phonograph records on a wax disc Made an iron breathing lung, and a device for locating icebergs at sea and the metal detector
Was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet, popular throughout much of the world during his time Was the first English-language author to have a truly international career in his lifetime, with many contemporary readers in Europe, Australia and North America His novels and poetry still reading Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor
Was a British poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential He travelled to fight against the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence, for which revere him as a national hero He died in 36 years of age
Was an artist She known for her wax sculptures and Madam Tussaud’s, the wax museum she founded in London
Arthur Wellesley1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852)
Was a British general and politician Commander of British troops during the Peninsular War (1808-1814) He defeated Napoleon at Waterloo (1815), thus ending the Napoleonic War As prime minister (1828-1830) he passed the Catholic Emancipation Act (1829)
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