Famous british people XIX


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Famous british people XIX

  1. 1. Famous British people nineteenth century Done by Chiglintseva Julia
  2. 2. Charles Robert Darwin (1809 –1882)
  3. 3.  Was an English naturalist He established that all species of life have descended over the time from common ancestors In 1859 in his book he published his theory of evolution with compelling evidence He helped to investigate marine invertebrates In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence as a scientist, he was honoured with a state funeral and buried in Westminster Abbey
  4. 4. John Constable (1776-1837)
  5. 5.  One of the most famous British artists Sold only 20 paintings in his lifetime, and was never recognized in his homeland while he was alive Loved the countryside, and his best work was of outdoor scenes in his native Suffolk and his London home in Hampstead Worked in the open air, thought he returned to his studio to finish his paintings
  6. 6. George Stephenson (1781-1848)
  7. 7.  Started as an engineman Developed a new safety lamp that would not explode when used near the highly flammable gasses found in the mines Built Stockton and Darlington line linking West Durham and Darlington with the river Tees Formed the first locomotive building company in the world Was chief engineer for many British railway companies Constantly innovated and improved his engines and the tracks
  8. 8. Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922)
  9. 9.  Was interested in working with the deaf for all his life Opened a school for teachers of the deaf and then became a professor at Boston University In 1876, he patented his invention – the telephone Had the right to be the only one to produce telephones in the U.S. for 19 years Developed a method of making phonograph records on a wax disc Made an iron breathing lung, and a device for locating icebergs at sea and the metal detector
  10. 10. Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)
  11. 11.  Was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet, popular throughout much of the world during his time Was the first English-language author to have a truly international career in his lifetime, with many contemporary readers in Europe, Australia and North America His novels and poetry still reading Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor
  12. 12. George Gordon Byron (1788-1824)
  13. 13.  Was a British poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential He travelled to fight against the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence, for which revere him as a national hero He died in 36 years of age
  14. 14. Anna Maria Tussaud (1761-1850)
  15. 15.  Was an artist She known for her wax sculptures and Madam Tussaud’s, the wax museum she founded in London
  16. 16. Arthur Wellesley1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852)
  17. 17.  Was a British general and politician Commander of British troops during the Peninsular War (1808-1814) He defeated Napoleon at Waterloo (1815), thus ending the Napoleonic War As prime minister (1828-1830) he passed the Catholic Emancipation Act (1829)
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