The Origins of Ancient Greece
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The Origins of Ancient Greece

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Slides covering the geography and origins of ancient Greece.

Slides covering the geography and origins of ancient Greece.

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    The Origins of Ancient Greece The Origins of Ancient Greece Presentation Transcript

    • Future ages will wander at us, as the present age wonders at us now. -Pericles
    • The Origins of Classical Greece Geography Mycenaeans The Tribes
    • Geography
    • The Sea
      • Peninsula and 2,000 islands surrounded by:
        • Mediterranean Sea
        • Aegean Sea
        • Ionian Sea
        • Black Sea
    •  
    • How the sea shaped culture
      • Life revolved around the sea
      • Seas became transportation routes
      • Sailors and shipbuilders
      • Access to natural resources
    • The Land
      • 3/4 covered in mountains
      • Uneven terrain
      • Lacked freshwater
      • Only 1/4 usable farmland
    • How the land shaped culture
      • Divided lands into different regions
        • Small, independent communities
      • Overland travel difficult
      • Couldn’t support a big population
      • Forced to find more land
        • Farming
        • Livestock
        • Expansion
    • How climate shaped culture
      • Varied temperatures
        • 48°F in winter
        • 80°F in summer
      • Outdoor lifestyle
        • Sport
        • Discussion public issues
        • Exchanging news
        • Civic life
    • The Mycenaean World
      • 3,000 B.C.
        • Minoans in Crete
      • 2,000 B.C.
        • Indo-European tribes migrated South into Balkan peninsula
      • Some to Mycenae
    • The Mycenaean World
      • Mycenaean civilization grew
        • Warrior king
      • 1,500 B.C. - contact with the Minoans
        • Value of sea trade, navel strength, adopted language, designs
    • Trojan War
      • 1,200 B.C. Mycenaean fought 10 year war against Troy
      • The Destruction of Troy
      • Story told in Homer’s great epics
      • Thought to be legend
      • Excavations proved otherwise
        • Dug up tombs and palaces destroyed by fire - just as the story is told
    • The Mycenaean Decline
      • Troy may have been one of the last showings of Mycenae
      • Collapsed 1,150 B.C.
      • The Greek Dark Ages 1,100 to 800 B.C.
        • No written record for 400 years
    •  
    • Three Tribes
      • 1,100 to 800 B.C. tribes came from North
      • Different dialects and different leaders
      • Adopted heroes of past as their own
        • Achilles
    • Dorians
      • Pushed south to Peloponnesus
      • Founded Sparta
      • Subdued inhabitants and put them to work
      • Cultural decline
        • “ The Dorian Age”
    • Ionians
      • Settled on Attica
      • Founded Athens
        • Dedicated to Athena
      • Planted vines, grains, olive trees
      • Athenians great seafarers
        • Ionian Islands
    • Aeolians
      • Established themselves in Thessaly
    •  
    • For Next Class…
      • Read Chapter 5, Section 2
      • Blog post