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Sparta And Athens
 

Sparta And Athens

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Slides covering the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

Slides covering the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

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    Sparta And Athens Sparta And Athens Presentation Transcript

    • Quiz time - 20 minutes
    • "The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears.” -King Agesilaos
    •  
    • Sparta
      • 725 B.C. conquered Messina (Italy)
        • Helots
      • 650 B.C. Helot revolt
      • Lycurgus established military-orientated reform in Sparta
        • Told by the Oracle
        • Spartan Constitution
    • Sparta - Lifestyle and Values
      • Fear
      • Aim in life: to be fighting fit
      • Discouraged personal expression
      • Valued duty, strength, discipline
      • Trained to dislike luxury
      • Weak babies killed at birth
      • Service above all else
    • Sparta - Education
      • Boys begin at age 7
        • Reading, writing
        • Mostly athletics and military training
      • Strict adherence to suffering
      • Girls being at age 7
        • Reading, writing, gymnastics, athletics, survival
    • Women’s Roles - Sparta
      • Educated
      • Allowed to participate in sports
      • Goal: to produce strong babies
      • Treated more as equals
    • Sparta - Government
      • Oligarchy
      • Two kings
      • Five “ephors”
        • Overseers
      • Council “apella”
        • Judges
        • Proposed laws
      • Assembly
      A Spartan King
    • Sparta - Government
    • Sparta - Social Structure
      • Spartiates
        • Military professionals
      • Perioeci
        • Outsiders
        • Could not vote
      • Helots
        • Peasant workers
    • Sparta
      • Population in 475 - 430 B.C.
        • Approx. 100,000
      • Allies
        • Peloponnesian League
        • Strongest
      • Legacy
        • Military power
    • Sparta - Today
      • Mascots:
      • The Perfect Cheer
        • Michigan State
        • San Jose State
        • University of North Carolina - Greensboro
      • Cities in US:
        • Sparta, Georgia
        • Sparta, Illinois
        • Sparta, Indiana
        • Sparta, Kentucky
        • Sparta, Michigan
        • Sparta, Mississippi
        • Sparta, Missouri
        • Sparta, New York
        • Sparta, North Carolina
        • Sparta, Tennessee
        • Sparta, Wisconsin
        • Sparta Township, New Jersey
        • Sparta Township, Pennsylvania
    • Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence -John Milton
    •  
      • Meaningful life
        • Leave something behind
      • Intellectual pursuits
        • Wisdom
        • Curiosity
      • Mind/Body perfection
      • Civic responsibility
      • Cultural superiority
      • Trade
      Athens - Values and Lifestyle
    • Athens - Education
      • Males:
        • Wealthy males
          • Begin at 5
          • End - dependent on wealth
        • Broader education
        • Older boys
          • Logic, philosophy, ethics, public speaking
          • Military school
        • Athletics each day
      • Females:
        • No formal schooling
        • Domestic education by female household members
    • Athens - Women’s Roles
      • In the home
      • Learned the art of domestic duty
      • Some roles in religious life
      • Couldn’t play sports
    • Athens - Social Structure
      • No rights
      • Women
      • Lowest class with no rights
      • Some were given important roles in Athens, like policemen
      • Slaves
      • Outsiders
      • Not allowed to own land
      • Could run industries and businesses.
      • Metics
      • All male citizens
      • Divided into classes
        • Aristocrats
        • Middle ranks
        • Thetes - lowest class
      • Freemen
    • Athens - Government _______
    • Athens - Population
      • Growing population from 475 - 430 B.C.
        • 140,000 to 250,000 within its populace
    • For next class…
      • Acrostic Poems due
        • Include information about:
          • Values and Lifestyle
          • Education
          • Women’s Roles
          • Government
          • Population
      SPARTA ATHENS