0
Quiz time - 20 minutes
"The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears.” -King Agesilaos
 
Sparta <ul><li>725 B.C. conquered Messina (Italy)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>650 B.C. Helot revo...
Sparta - Lifestyle and Values <ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Aim in life: to be fighting fit </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged...
Sparta - Education <ul><li>Boys begin at age 7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly at...
Women’s Roles - Sparta <ul><li>Educated </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed to participate in sports </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to prod...
Sparta - Government <ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Two kings </li></ul><ul><li>Five “ephors”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O...
Sparta - Government
Sparta - Social Structure <ul><li>Spartiates  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perioeci...
Sparta <ul><li>Population in 475 - 430 B.C.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 100,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul...
Sparta - Today <ul><li>Mascots: </li></ul><ul><li>The Perfect Cheer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan State </li></ul></ul><u...
Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence -John Milton
 
<ul><li>Meaningful life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave something behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual pursuits </li></u...
Athens - Education <ul><li>Males:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy males </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begin at 5 </li></ul...
Athens - Women’s Roles <ul><li>In the home </li></ul><ul><li>Learned the art of domestic duty </li></ul><ul><li>Some roles...
Athens - Social Structure <ul><li>No rights </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest class with no rights  </li></...
Athens - Government _______
Athens - Population <ul><li>Growing population from 475 - 430 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>140,000 to 250,000 within its pop...
For next class… <ul><li>Acrostic Poems due </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include information about: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
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Sparta And Athens

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Slides covering the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

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Transcript of "Sparta And Athens"

  1. 1. Quiz time - 20 minutes
  2. 2. &quot;The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears.” -King Agesilaos
  3. 4. Sparta <ul><li>725 B.C. conquered Messina (Italy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>650 B.C. Helot revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Lycurgus established military-orientated reform in Sparta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Told by the Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spartan Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Sparta - Lifestyle and Values <ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Aim in life: to be fighting fit </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged personal expression </li></ul><ul><li>Valued duty, strength, discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Trained to dislike luxury </li></ul><ul><li>Weak babies killed at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Service above all else </li></ul>
  5. 6. Sparta - Education <ul><li>Boys begin at age 7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly athletics and military training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strict adherence to suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Girls being at age 7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing, gymnastics, athletics, survival </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Women’s Roles - Sparta <ul><li>Educated </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed to participate in sports </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to produce strong babies </li></ul><ul><li>Treated more as equals </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sparta - Government <ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Two kings </li></ul><ul><li>Five “ephors” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Council “apella” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assembly </li></ul>A Spartan King
  8. 9. Sparta - Government
  9. 10. Sparta - Social Structure <ul><li>Spartiates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perioeci </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsiders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could not vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant workers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Sparta <ul><li>Population in 475 - 430 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 100,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peloponnesian League </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military power </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Sparta - Today <ul><li>Mascots: </li></ul><ul><li>The Perfect Cheer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Jose State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of North Carolina - Greensboro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cities in US: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Georgia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Indiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Kentucky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Michigan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Mississippi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Missouri </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, North Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Tennessee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Wisconsin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta Township, New Jersey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta Township, Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence -John Milton
  13. 15. <ul><li>Meaningful life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave something behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual pursuits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mind/Body perfection </li></ul><ul><li>Civic responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul>Athens - Values and Lifestyle
  14. 16. Athens - Education <ul><li>Males: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy males </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begin at 5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End - dependent on wealth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broader education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logic, philosophy, ethics, public speaking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletics each day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Females: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No formal schooling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic education by female household members </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Athens - Women’s Roles <ul><li>In the home </li></ul><ul><li>Learned the art of domestic duty </li></ul><ul><li>Some roles in religious life </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t play sports </li></ul>
  16. 18. Athens - Social Structure <ul><li>No rights </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest class with no rights </li></ul><ul><li>Some were given important roles in Athens, like policemen </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Outsiders </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to own land </li></ul><ul><li>Could run industries and businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Metics </li></ul><ul><li>All male citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle ranks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thetes - lowest class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freemen </li></ul>
  17. 19. Athens - Government _______
  18. 20. Athens - Population <ul><li>Growing population from 475 - 430 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>140,000 to 250,000 within its populace </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. For next class… <ul><li>Acrostic Poems due </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include information about: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values and Lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul></ul>SPARTA ATHENS
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