Ancient Rome and Early Christianity Unit 2
Objective: Trace the rise and fall of the Roman Empire, and analyze its impact on culture, government and religion.
What Do We Already Know About Ancient Rome?
Why Study Ancient Rome? <ul><li>キ Romance languages trace origins to language of Romans.  </li></ul><ul><li>キ The U.S. i...
The Roman Republic Origins of Rome The Early Republic
Questions of the Day <ul><li>Why do we study Ancient Rome? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the myth of Romulus and Remu...
The Origins of Rome <ul><li>Legend says that Romulus and Remus founded Rome in 753 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twin sons of...
Romulus and Remus
<ul><li>In reality, men founded Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic location </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Rome’s Geography <ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peninsula surrounded by Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
 
Rome’s Geography <ul><li>How do you think geography influenced Rome’s development? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the geography ...
<ul><li>“ Not without reason did gods and men choose this spot for the site of our city – the (salubrious) hills, the rive...
The First Romans <ul><li>Earliest settlers enter Italy during prehistoric times </li></ul><ul><li>1000-500 B.C. Indo-Europ...
Three Tribes <ul><li>LATINS </li></ul><ul><li>Built original settlement at Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Huts atop one of the 7 h...
Early Roman Government <ul><li>600 B.C. - Etruscan king took power in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Over next 100 years, Rome gre...
The Early Roman Republic <ul><li>Romans replaced monarchy with a REPUBLIC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REPUBLIC - A form of gover...
Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>In the early Roman Republic, different groups struggled for power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>PATRICIANS </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Had most of power </li>...
 
Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>494B.C. Allowed Plebeians to:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form their own assembly </li></ul></...
Twelve Tables <ul><li>Plebeians soon forced the creation of a written law code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without written laws,...
Questions of the Day <ul><li>Why do we study Ancient Rome? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the myth of Romulus and Remu...
For Next Class… <ul><li>Read Chapter 6, Section 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Blog Post  </li></ul><ul><li>LATE WORK DUE BY FRIDAY! ...
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Rome Origins And Early Republic

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  • Rome Origins And Early Republic

    1. 1. Ancient Rome and Early Christianity Unit 2
    2. 2. Objective: Trace the rise and fall of the Roman Empire, and analyze its impact on culture, government and religion.
    3. 3. What Do We Already Know About Ancient Rome?
    4. 4. Why Study Ancient Rome? <ul><li>キ Romance languages trace origins to language of Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>キ The U.S. is a republican government. Rome set the stage for these republics. </li></ul><ul><li>キ Christianity arose during the Roman empire, and is still one of the world’s main religions. </li></ul><ul><li>キ Tensions between rich and poor affect society today, as they did in the days of the patricians and the plebeians. </li></ul><ul><li>キ Classical sculpture and architecture admired and copied today </li></ul><ul><li>キ Greek and Roman mythology is still widely read </li></ul><ul><li>キ Civil service still exists </li></ul><ul><li>キ Sporting events, though not as violent as gladiator games, remain popular </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Roman Republic Origins of Rome The Early Republic
    6. 6. Questions of the Day <ul><li>Why do we study Ancient Rome? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the myth of Romulus and Remus has endured for so long? </li></ul><ul><li>How did geography influence Rome’s development? </li></ul><ul><li>How was Rome a multicultural society? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some similarities and differences between plebeians and patricians? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the advantage to writing down the laws in Rome? </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Origins of Rome <ul><li>Legend says that Romulus and Remus founded Rome in 753 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twin sons of god Mars and a Latin princess </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twins were abandoned by Tiber River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised by a she-wolf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decided to build a city near that location </li></ul>
    8. 8. Romulus and Remus
    9. 9. <ul><li>In reality, men founded Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic location </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li>On river </li></ul>
    10. 11. Rome’s Geography <ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peninsula surrounded by Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaped like a boot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built on 7 rolling hills at the curve of Tiber River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green countryside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of Italian peninsula - halfway between Alps and southern point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the middle of the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul>
    11. 13. Rome’s Geography <ul><li>How do you think geography influenced Rome’s development? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the geography different from Greece? </li></ul>
    12. 14. <ul><li>“ Not without reason did gods and men choose this spot for the site of our city – the (salubrious) hills, the river to bring us produce from the inland regions and sea-borne commerce from abroad, the sea itself, near enough for convenience, yet not so near as to bring danger from any foreign fleets, our situation in the very heart of Italy – all these advantages make it of all places in the world the best for a city destined to grow great.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Livy “Early History of Rome” </li></ul>
    13. 15. The First Romans <ul><li>Earliest settlers enter Italy during prehistoric times </li></ul><ul><li>1000-500 B.C. Indo-European tribes enter Italy from the North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battled for control </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. Three Tribes <ul><li>LATINS </li></ul><ul><li>Built original settlement at Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Huts atop one of the 7 hills </li></ul><ul><li>Palatine Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Considered the first Romans </li></ul><ul><li>GREEKS </li></ul><ul><li>Established colonies in S. Italy and Sicily 750-600 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Prosperous, commercially active cities </li></ul><ul><li>Brought Italy in close contact with Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>ETRUSCANS </li></ul><ul><li>Native to Northern Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Metalworkers and engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Writing system </li></ul><ul><li>Rome adopted their alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced architecture </li></ul>
    15. 17. Early Roman Government <ul><li>600 B.C. - Etruscan king took power in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Over next 100 years, Rome grew from hilltop villages to a city covering 500 sq. miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings ordered construction of temples, public centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most famous = Forum, center of Rome’s political life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Last king, Tarquin the Proud - a harsh tyrant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overthrown in 509 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ended Roman monarchy </li></ul>
    16. 18. The Early Roman Republic <ul><li>Romans replaced monarchy with a REPUBLIC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REPUBLIC - A form of government in which power rests with the citizens who had the right to vote for their leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From Latin “res publica” meaning public affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Free-born male citizens could vote </li></ul>
    17. 19. Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>In the early Roman Republic, different groups struggled for power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patricians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plebeians </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>PATRICIANS </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Had most of power </li></ul><ul><li>Inherited power, social status </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed ancestry = authority to make laws for Rome </li></ul><ul><li>PLEBEIANS </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers, artisans, merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of population </li></ul><ul><li>Had the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Barred by law from holding high government jobs </li></ul>
    19. 22. Patricians and Plebeians <ul><li>494B.C. Allowed Plebeians to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form their own assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elect tribunes - representatives / officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power to veto unlawful acts of magistrates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tribunes protected rights of plebeians from unfair acts by patrician officials </li></ul>
    20. 23. Twelve Tables <ul><li>Plebeians soon forced the creation of a written law code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without written laws, patrician officials could interpret laws to suit themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>451 B.C. - officials wrote down Rome’s laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written on 12 tablets (tables) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hung in Forum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gave plebeians knowledge of their protection under the law </li></ul>
    21. 24. Questions of the Day <ul><li>Why do we study Ancient Rome? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the myth of Romulus and Remus has endured for so long? </li></ul><ul><li>How did geography influence Rome’s development? </li></ul><ul><li>How was Rome a multicultural society? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some similarities and differences between plebeians and patricians? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the advantage to writing down the laws in Rome? </li></ul>
    22. 25. For Next Class… <ul><li>Read Chapter 6, Section 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Blog Post </li></ul><ul><li>LATE WORK DUE BY FRIDAY! </li></ul>
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