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Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
Pericles And Rise Of Democracy
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Pericles And Rise Of Democracy

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Slides covering Pericles life and influence upon democracy and other aspects of classical Greece.

Slides covering Pericles life and influence upon democracy and other aspects of classical Greece.

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  • 1. “ Having knowledge but lacking the power to express it clearly is no better than never having any ideas at all.” - Pericles
  • 2. Pericles and the Rise of Athens The Man Democracy His Impact
  • 3. State of life in Athens <ul><li>Defeat of the Persians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influx of wealth, power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entered Golden Age 477 - 431 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized the Delian League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Included nearly 200 city-states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athens became the center </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A man named Pericles became leader </li></ul>
  • 4. Pericles <ul><li>Born in 495 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>From powerful, political family </li></ul><ul><li>Fought Persians at Salamis </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent, an inspiring speaker, and skilled politician </li></ul><ul><li>Soon became a great leader of Athens </li></ul>
  • 5. Pericles <ul><li>Came to power after Cimon ostracized from Athens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cimon favored Oligarchic ideals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elected strategos - in charge of military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>29 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Built walls between Athens and Piraeus </li></ul>
  • 6. Pericles and Democracy <ul><li>Increased number of salaried public officials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged participation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direct democracy evolved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct democracy: a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Democracy in Athens
  • 8. The Assembly - Ekklesia <ul><li>Assembly involvement based on attendance </li></ul><ul><li>Open to every 18+ male citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making executive announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electing some officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some legislating (making and passing laws) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Held some trials (this role shifted to courts) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ten fixed meetings per year </li></ul><ul><li>Voting process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeches addressing both sides of an issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote by hand count, majority rule </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. The Assembly
  • 10. The Council (of Five Hundred) <ul><li>500 members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 different geographic groups “prytanies” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 members from each </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The presidency of the boule rotated monthly between geographic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boule = month, 10 months in their calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Epitastes - selected to run the council meeting, assembly for one single day </li></ul>
  • 11. The Council (of Five Hundred) <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Execute wishes of the assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of the State: key to treasury, worked with foreign ambassadors, key to city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Served as an executive committee for the assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversaw activity of magistrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinated activities of various boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selected members for its own boards: issues ranging from religious to naval </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little ability to pursue own initiatives </li></ul>
  • 12. The Courts - Dikasteria of Heliaia <ul><li>Centered around jury courts, “dikastes” = juror </li></ul><ul><li>Jurors must be 30+ and full citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Large juries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selected from a panel of 600 from each tribe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6,000 total possible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two kinds of suits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dike -smaller, private suit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum jury size was 201 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphe - large public suit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum jury size was 501 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Really important public suits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased in increments of 500 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could have thousands of jurors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 13. The Courts <ul><li>Jurors under oath </li></ul><ul><li>Must represent the word of the people </li></ul><ul><li>People represented themselves in court </li></ul><ul><li>Cases lasted no more than a day </li></ul><ul><li>Could not appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Some crimes had instant punishment </li></ul>
  • 14. The Impact of Pericles <ul><li>Very proud of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Around 444 B.C. became main ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated the Delian League </li></ul><ul><li>His goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Athens a naval power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Athens beautiful </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Pericles Builds Naval Power <ul><li>Used money from Delian League </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of strong Navy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used power to acquire provinces </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Pericles Beautifies Athens <ul><li>Sought truth and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Used Delian League money for gold, ivory, marble </li></ul><ul><li>Contracted artists, architects, workers </li></ul>
  • 17. For next class… <ul><li>Quote identification essays </li></ul><ul><li>Be working on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dionysian Theater Project </li></ul></ul>

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