Life In The Roman Empire

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  • 1. QUIZ TIME 20 minutes
  • 2. The Empire Begins
    • Civil war destroyed remains of the Republic
    • 3 supporters of Caesar rose against the assassins
      • Octavian - Caesar’s adopted son
      • Mark Antony - experienced general
      • Lepidus - powerful politician
    • 43 B.C. ruled Rome as Second Triumvirate
      • 10 years
  • 3. The Second Triumvirate
  • 4.  
  • 5. Second Triumvirate Drama
    • Octavian forced Lepidus to retire
    • Antony and Octavian became rivals
    • Antony fell in love with Cleopatra, followed her to Egypt
    • Octavian accused Antony of ruling Rome from Egypt
    • Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra at battle of Actium in 31 B.C.
    • Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide
  • 6.  
  • 7. Augustus Caesar
    • Octavian became unchallenged ruler of Rome
    • Accepted titles of Augustus and Imperator
    • Began time of peace in Rome
      • Pax Romana
    • Empire now ruled by one man
  • 8. A Vast and Powerful Empire
    • Rome at peak of power 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.
    • Peace reigned in empire for 207 years
      • A time known as Pax Romana – “ Roman peace”
  • 9. Map of Roman Empire
  • 10. A Stable Government
    • Held empire together by efficient government and smart rulers
    • Augustus was Rome’s most able emperor
  • 11. Augustus’s Reforms
    • Stabilized the frontier
    • Glorified Rome with beautiful public buildings
    • Created a long-lasting system of government
    • Set up a civil service
      • Paying workers to manage government affairs
        • Ex. Tax collection, postal system
      • Included plebeians and slaves
        • Allowed them to help administer the empire
    • Accomplishments of Augustus
  • 12. Augustus Dies
    • Augustus died in 14 A.D.
    • But government remained stable
      • B/c of civil servants performing day to day operations
  • 13.
    • Romans controlled empire from Spain to Persia, North Africa to Britain
    • Very diverse empire – people of different languages, cultures, customs
    Roman Empire 200 A.D.
  • 14. Agriculture and Trade
    • 90% of people in the Empire farmed
    • People survived on food produced in their local area
      • Additional food, luxuries were obtained through trade
    • Vast trading network
      • Ships protected by Roman navy
      • Traded w/ Greece, Anatolia, India, China
    • Common currency – the denarius made trade easier
      • Silver coin introduced during Augustus’s time
  • 15. Roads of Rome
    • Also had a network of roads connecting Rome to places like Persia, Southern Russia
  • 16. Ancient Roads of Rome
  • 17. The Roman World
    • Discipline
    • Strength
    • Loyalty
    • Power
    • Usefulness
    • Gravitas – dignity, duty
    • Most lived in countryside
      • Farmers
    • Philosophers, slaves, merchants, soldiers, and foreigners all shared the cities
    • Very diverse
    • Values
    • Lifestyle
  • 18. Slaves and Captivity
    • 1/3 of population
    • Most were conquered peoples
    • Could be bought & sold
      • Property of their owner
    • Treated as their masters saw fit
    • Worked in cities, on farms
    • Often treated poorly
    • Some were forced to become gladiators
    • Rebellion was common
    • Slaves
  • 19. Gods and Goddesses
    • Numina – spirits, forces that resided in everything
    • Lares – guardian spirits of each family
    • Gave names to gods, goddesses
    • Honored them through various rituals
    • Linked w/ government
    • Important gods/goddesses:
      • Jupiter
      • Juno
      • Minerva
    • Also required to worship the emperor
    • Gods and Goddesses
  • 20. Society and Culture
    • Lived extravagantly
    • Spent $ on homes, gardens, salves, luxuries
    • Hosted banquets for hours
    • Served expensive foods
    • Most people were unemployed
    • Supported by daily ration of grain
    • Lived in rundown tenements
    • The Wealthy
    • The Poor
  • 21. Society and Culture
    • Government provided games, races, mock battles, gladiator contests to control/distract people
    • 150 holidays a year for events like this
    • Held at the Colosseum – 50,000 people
    • Combat b/w people, animals, etc.
    • Games and Entertainment
  • 22. Christianity Emerges
    • Christianity began to emerge, but not without brutality and hardship
  • 23. For next class…
    • Read Chapter 6, Section 3
    • Blog Post
    • Terms due:
      • March 26 – ODD
      • March 27 - EVEN