QUIZ TIME 20 minutes
The Empire Begins <ul><li>Civil war destroyed remains of the Republic </li></ul><ul><li>3 supporters of Caesar rose agains...
The Second Triumvirate
 
Second Triumvirate Drama <ul><li>Octavian forced Lepidus to retire </li></ul><ul><li>Antony and Octavian became rivals </l...
 
Augustus Caesar <ul><li>Octavian became unchallenged ruler of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted titles of Augustus and Imper...
A Vast and Powerful Empire <ul><li>Rome at peak of power 27 B.C. to 180 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace reigned in empire for...
Map of Roman Empire
A Stable Government <ul><li>Held empire together by efficient government and smart rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus was R...
Augustus’s Reforms <ul><li>Stabilized the frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Glorified Rome with beautiful public buildings </li><...
Augustus Dies <ul><li>Augustus died in 14 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>But government remained stable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B/c ...
<ul><li>Romans controlled empire from Spain to Persia, North Africa to Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Very diverse empire – peo...
Agriculture and Trade <ul><li>90% of people in the Empire farmed </li></ul><ul><li>People survived on food produced in the...
Roads of Rome <ul><li>Also had a network of roads connecting Rome to places like Persia, Southern Russia </li></ul>
Ancient Roads of Rome
The Roman World <ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul>...
Slaves and Captivity <ul><li>1/3 of population  </li></ul><ul><li>Most were conquered peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Could be b...
Gods and Goddesses <ul><li>Numina  – spirits, forces that resided in everything </li></ul><ul><li>Lares –  guardian spirit...
Society and Culture <ul><li>Lived extravagantly </li></ul><ul><li>Spent $ on homes, gardens, salves, luxuries </li></ul><u...
Society and Culture <ul><li>Government provided games, races, mock battles, gladiator contests to control/distract people ...
Christianity Emerges <ul><li>Christianity began to emerge, but not without brutality and hardship </li></ul>
For next class… <ul><li>Read Chapter 6, Section 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Blog Post </li></ul><ul><li>Terms due: </li></ul><ul><...
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Life In The Roman Empire

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Life In The Roman Empire

  1. 1. QUIZ TIME 20 minutes
  2. 2. The Empire Begins <ul><li>Civil war destroyed remains of the Republic </li></ul><ul><li>3 supporters of Caesar rose against the assassins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Octavian - Caesar’s adopted son </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark Antony - experienced general </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lepidus - powerful politician </li></ul></ul><ul><li>43 B.C. ruled Rome as Second Triumvirate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 years </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Second Triumvirate
  4. 5. Second Triumvirate Drama <ul><li>Octavian forced Lepidus to retire </li></ul><ul><li>Antony and Octavian became rivals </li></ul><ul><li>Antony fell in love with Cleopatra, followed her to Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian accused Antony of ruling Rome from Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra at battle of Actium in 31 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide </li></ul>
  5. 7. Augustus Caesar <ul><li>Octavian became unchallenged ruler of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted titles of Augustus and Imperator </li></ul><ul><li>Began time of peace in Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pax Romana </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Empire now ruled by one man </li></ul>
  6. 8. A Vast and Powerful Empire <ul><li>Rome at peak of power 27 B.C. to 180 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace reigned in empire for 207 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A time known as Pax Romana – “ Roman peace” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Map of Roman Empire
  8. 10. A Stable Government <ul><li>Held empire together by efficient government and smart rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus was Rome’s most able emperor </li></ul>
  9. 11. Augustus’s Reforms <ul><li>Stabilized the frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Glorified Rome with beautiful public buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Created a long-lasting system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a civil service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paying workers to manage government affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Tax collection, postal system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Included plebeians and slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed them to help administer the empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Accomplishments of Augustus </li></ul>
  10. 12. Augustus Dies <ul><li>Augustus died in 14 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>But government remained stable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B/c of civil servants performing day to day operations </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Romans controlled empire from Spain to Persia, North Africa to Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Very diverse empire – people of different languages, cultures, customs </li></ul>Roman Empire 200 A.D.
  12. 14. Agriculture and Trade <ul><li>90% of people in the Empire farmed </li></ul><ul><li>People survived on food produced in their local area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional food, luxuries were obtained through trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vast trading network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ships protected by Roman navy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded w/ Greece, Anatolia, India, China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common currency – the denarius made trade easier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver coin introduced during Augustus’s time </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Roads of Rome <ul><li>Also had a network of roads connecting Rome to places like Persia, Southern Russia </li></ul>
  14. 16. Ancient Roads of Rome
  15. 17. The Roman World <ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Usefulness </li></ul><ul><li>Gravitas – dignity, duty </li></ul><ul><li>Most lived in countryside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophers, slaves, merchants, soldiers, and foreigners all shared the cities </li></ul><ul><li>Very diverse </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul>
  16. 18. Slaves and Captivity <ul><li>1/3 of population </li></ul><ul><li>Most were conquered peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Could be bought & sold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Property of their owner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treated as their masters saw fit </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in cities, on farms </li></ul><ul><li>Often treated poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Some were forced to become gladiators </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion was common </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul>
  17. 19. Gods and Goddesses <ul><li>Numina – spirits, forces that resided in everything </li></ul><ul><li>Lares – guardian spirits of each family </li></ul><ul><li>Gave names to gods, goddesses </li></ul><ul><li>Honored them through various rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Linked w/ government </li></ul><ul><li>Important gods/goddesses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jupiter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juno </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerva </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also required to worship the emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Gods and Goddesses </li></ul>
  18. 20. Society and Culture <ul><li>Lived extravagantly </li></ul><ul><li>Spent $ on homes, gardens, salves, luxuries </li></ul><ul><li>Hosted banquets for hours </li></ul><ul><li>Served expensive foods </li></ul><ul><li>Most people were unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by daily ration of grain </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in rundown tenements </li></ul><ul><li>The Wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>The Poor </li></ul>
  19. 21. Society and Culture <ul><li>Government provided games, races, mock battles, gladiator contests to control/distract people </li></ul><ul><li>150 holidays a year for events like this </li></ul><ul><li>Held at the Colosseum – 50,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Combat b/w people, animals, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Games and Entertainment </li></ul>
  20. 22. Christianity Emerges <ul><li>Christianity began to emerge, but not without brutality and hardship </li></ul>
  21. 23. For next class… <ul><li>Read Chapter 6, Section 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Blog Post </li></ul><ul><li>Terms due: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>March 26 – ODD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 27 - EVEN </li></ul></ul>
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