Life In The Roman Empire

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Life In The Roman Empire

  1. 1. QUIZ TIME 20 minutes
  2. 2. The Empire Begins Civil war destroyed remains  of the Republic 3 supporters of Caesar rose  against the assassins  Octavian - Caesar’s adopted son  Mark Antony - experienced general  Lepidus - powerful politician 43 B.C. ruled Rome as  Second Triumvirate  10 years
  3. 3. The Second Triumvirate
  4. 4. Second Triumvirate Drama Octavian forced Lepidus to retire  Antony and Octavian became rivals  Antony fell in love with Cleopatra, followed her to  Egypt Octavian accused Antony of ruling Rome from  Egypt Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra at battle  of Actium in 31 B.C. Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide 
  5. 5. Augustus Caesar Octavian became  unchallenged ruler of Rome Accepted titles of Augustus  and Imperator Began time of peace in Rome   Pax Romana Empire now ruled by one man 
  6. 6. A Vast and Powerful Empire Rome at peak of power  27 B.C. to 180 A.D. Peace reigned in  empire for 207 years A time known as Pax Romana – “Roman peace”
  7. 7. Map of Roman Empire million square miles in million people lived in •3 •1 size Rome itself of 60-80 million •Population
  8. 8. A Stable Government Held empire together  by efficient government and smart rulers Augustus was  Rome’s most able emperor
  9. 9. Augustus’s Reforms Accomplishments of Augustus Stabilized the frontier  Glorified Rome with beautiful public buildings  Created a long-lasting system of government  Set up a civil service   Paying workers to manage government affairs  Ex. Tax collection, postal system  Included plebeians and slaves  Allowed them to help administer the empire
  10. 10. Augustus Dies Augustus died in 14 A.D. • But government remained stable • B/c of civil servants performing day to day operations •
  11. 11. Roman Empire 200 A.D. controlled empire from Spain to Persia, North Africa •Romans to Britain diverse empire – people of different •Very languages, cultures, customs
  12. 12. Agriculture and Trade 90% of people in the Empire  farmed People survived on food  produced in their local area Additional food, luxuries were  obtained through trade Vast trading network  Ships protected by Roman navy  Traded w/  Greece, Anatolia, India, China Common currency – the  denarius made trade easier Silver coin introduced during  Augustus’s time
  13. 13. Roads of Rome Also had a network of roads connecting Rome  to places like Persia, Southern Russia
  14. 14. Ancient Roads of Rome
  15. 15. The Roman World Values Lifestyle Discipline Most lived in   countryside Strength   Farmers Loyalty  Philosophers, slaves,  Power  merchants, soldiers, a Usefulness  nd foreigners all Gravitas –  shared the cities dignity, duty Very diverse 
  16. 16. Slaves and Captivity Slaves 1/3 of population Worked in cities, on   farms Most were conquered  peoples Often treated  poorly Could be bought &  sold Some were forced  to become  Property of their owner gladiators Treated as their  Rebellion was masters saw fit  common
  17. 17. Gods and Goddesses Gods and Goddesses Numina – Linked w/   spirits, forces that government resided in everything Important  Lares – guardian  gods/goddesses: spirits of each family  Jupiter Gave names to  gods, goddesses  Juno Honored them  Minerva  through various Also required to  rituals worship the emperor
  18. 18. Society and Culture The Wealthy The Poor Lived extravagantly Most people were   Spent $ on unemployed  homes, gardens, sal Supported by daily  ves, luxuries ration of grain Hosted banquets for  Lived in rundown  hours tenements Served expensive  foods
  19. 19. Society and Culture Games and Entertainment Government provided games, races, mock  battles, gladiator contests to control/distract people 150 holidays a year for events like this  Held at the Colosseum – 50,000 people  Combat b/w people, animals, etc. 
  20. 20. Christianity Emerges Christianity began to emerge, but not without  brutality and hardship
  21. 21. For next class… Read Chapter 6, Section 3  Blog Post  Terms due:  26 – ODD  March  March 27 - EVEN

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