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C M H  Alexander And  Hellenism
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C M H Alexander And Hellenism

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  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. The Macedonians
      • North of Greece
      • Greeks considered them foreigners
      • Macedonian King Phillip II saw Greek city-states weakness
      • Began raising army
      • Conquered northern territories
    • 3. The Greeks
      • Demosthenes warned the Greeks
      • Couldn’t agree on a way to defend themselves
      • 338 B.C. Macedonians defeated the Greeks at Chaeronea
      • Greece now ruled by King Phillip II
      • Planned to attack Persians next
    • 4. Alexander the Great
      • King Phillip II was murdered
      • His son, Alexander took over
        • Just turned 20
        • Student of Aristotle
        • Love sport, especially riding
          • Bucephalus
      • Inherited Macedonia and all of Greece
        • Greeks thought they could regain their freedom
    • 5. The Conquests of Alexander
      • Worked w/ Greeks to attack Persia
        • Greeks willing to fight for him
      • Marched on to Persia
        • Dominated first Persian army at the Granicus River
    • 6. The Conquests of Alexander
      • King Darius (Persia) tried to negotiate
        • Alexander didn’t
        • Planned to conquer all of Persian empire
      • Headed to conquer Egypt
        • Accepted Alexander as a liberator
        • Named him Pharaoh
        • Founded Alexandria
      • Moved east - to King Darius at Gaugamela
        • Attacked King Darius and his huge army
    • 7. The Conquests of Alexander
      • Conquered Babylon, Susa, Persepolis
      • Now ruled Greece, Egypt, Phoenicia, Palestine, Babylonia, Assyria, Asia Minor and Persia
    • 8. Conquests of Alexander
      • Left Persia, rode to India
      • King Porus (India) heard he was coming
        • Waited on far side of river
      • Alexander’s troops crossed the river and defeated the army
    • 9. End of Alexander’s Campaign
      • Troops got tired, wanted to go home
      • Alexander agreed to turn back
      • Spring 323 B.C. they had reached Babylon
        • Alexander planned to unify his empire
      • Died from a fever weeks later
    • 10. Conquests of Alexander
    • 11. Dividing Alexander’s Kingdom
      • Antigonus
      • King of Macedonia
      • Control of Greek city-states
      • Ptolemy
      • Egypt
      • Became Pharaoh
      • Seleucus
      • Persian empire
      • Known as Seleucid Kingdom
    • 12.  
    • 13. Hellenism
      • B/c of Alexander, Greek culture spread and blended with Egyptian, Persian, Indian culture
      • Influenced: language, trade, development, science, technology, math, philosophy, art
    • 14. Hellenism - Language
      • Language:
        • “ Koine” - common
        • Influenced by Greek
        • Sharing language = sharing ideas
    • 15. Hellenism - Trade
      • Alexandria became trading capital
        • Population 1/2 million
      • Access to the seas
      • Commerce helped city grow, prosper
      • Increased cultural mixing
    • 16. Hellenism - Development
      • Broad streets lined with statues
      • Tomb for Alexander
      • Museum
        • Art galleries
        • Zoo
        • Botanical gardens
        • Dining hall
        • Institute for study
      • Alexandrian Library
        • Produced brilliant scholars
      • Pharos - lighthouse overlooking harbor
    • 17.  
    • 18.  
    • 19. Hellenism - Astronomy
      • Aristarchus
        • Estimated the sun larger than Earth
        • Proposed that the Earth and planets revolve around the sun
        • Put planets in proper order
      • Eratosthenes
        • Used geometry to compute Earth’s circumference
        • Invented leap day
        • Created map of the world
    • 20.  
    • 21. Hellenism - Math and Physics
      • Euclid
        • Wrote Elements
        • Work is the basis for geometry
      • Archimedes
        • Estimated value of ∏
        • Explained the laws of levers
        • Archimedes screw
        • Compound pulley
    • 22.  
    • 23. Hellenism - Archimedes
      • Archimedes screw
      • Law of Levers
    • 24. Hellenism - Philosophy
      • Focused on how people should live their lives
      • Stoicism:
        • Founded by Zeno
        • Live life in harmony with will of god(s)
        • Desires were distractions
        • Promoted social unity
        • Focus on what can be controlled
      • Epicureanism:
        • Founded by Epicurus
        • Gods ruled the universe, had no interest in humans
        • Reality (truth) is what could be perceived by the senses
        • Greatest good is virtuous behavior, absence of pain
        • Harmony of body, mind
    • 25.  
    • 26.  
    • 27.  
    • 28. Hellenism - Art
      • Moved away from idealized forms
      • Realism
        • New subjects
        • More natural
        • Used bronze, metals
      • Sculpture flourished
        • Colossus of Rhodes
          • Over 100 feet high
        • Nike - winged victory
    • 29.  
    • 30.  
    • 31. For next class…
      • Distribute Review Sheets
      • Review for Academic Olympiad next class
      • TEST – 3/5 EVEN, 3/6 ODD
      • G-SPRITE – Due 3/5 EVEN, 3/6 ODD
      • Term Corrections - Due 3/5 EVEN, 3/6 ODD

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