Prof. Julia I. Martínez
The problem-solution essay is a formal
piece of writing in which we suggest
solutions to a problem.
They analyse the problem(s) associated with
a particular issue or situation and put
forward possible solutions, together with
any expected results/consequences.
The writer’s opinion may be mentioned,
directly or indirectly, in the introduction
and/or the conclusion.
A good opinion essay should consist of:
An introductory paragraph, which states
the problem (reasons why it has arisen can
also be included);
A main body, in which the suggestions and
their results/consequences are presented
(each suggestion should be discussed in a
new paragraph); and
A concluding paragraph, summarising the
main points of the essay, and/or giving the
Points to consider:
Present each suggestions in a separate paragraph,
and remember to include the result or consequence
of each of the suggestions made.
Well-known quotations, rhetorical questions or
thought provoking statements are useful devices to
make your composition more interesting.
Before you begin writing, you should always make
a list of the points you will present.
Do not use informal style or very strong language.
Use appropriate linking words/phrases to show the
links between paragraphs, as well as to link
sentences within paragraphs.
SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
state the problem and its
proposed solutions & results
Paragraph 2: Solution 1 +
Paragraph 3: Solution 2 +
Paragraph 4: Solution 3 +
summarise main points
and/or include your
Evans, Virginia. Successful Writing
Proficiency. UK: Express Publishing.
1998 (New Edition, 2002).
Evans, V. (1998). Successful Writing
Upper-Intermediate. EU: Express
Publishing (New edition, 2004).