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The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
The essay
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The essay


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  • 1. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    Essay Writing
  • 2. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    What is an essay?
    It is a piece of writing several paragraphs long.
    It is written about one topic. It usually presents facts, opinions, and ideas on a certain topic.
    It develops one central idea.
  • 3. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    What are the parts of an essay?
    Let’s analyse each of them in turn
  • 4. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    It is the first part of the essay, usually the first paragraph.
    It has four purposes:
    it introduces the topic of the essay
    it gives a general background of the topic
    it often indicates the overall ‘plan’ of the essay
    it should arouse the reader’s interest in the topic.
  • 5. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    Parts of the Introduction
    General statements about the topic
    Thesis statement
    You can begin your essay using a ‘hook,’ which is the opening statement the writer uses to catch the reader’s attention
  • 6. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    Ways of writing a hook
    Ask a question
    Use an interesting observation
    Present a unique scenario
    Use a famous quote
    Use statistical information (with its source), especially one that is surprising or shocking
  • 7. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    The Thesis Statement
    It is the most important statement in the introduction.
    Some things to remember:
    it states the main topic
    it lists the subdivisions of the topic
    it may indicate the method of organisation of the entire paper
    it is usually the last sentence in the introductory paragraph
    it should be expressed as a complete sentence (affirmative or negative; not a question)
    it should not express a fact
    it should express only one idea
  • 8. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    The Body
    It is the group of paragraphs that will develop the subtopics announced in the thesis statement.
    Each paragraph should have its own topic sentence and, eventually, a concluding sentence, too.
    It is important to use transition signals between paragraphs, so that your writing runs more smoothly.
  • 9. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez
    The Conclusion
    It is the final paragraph of the essay.
    It should never introduce a new idea or topic.
    It can restate the main points (subtopics) discussed; it can restate the thesis statement; it includes your final comment on the subject.
    Useful techniques: make a suggestion; give an opinion (if appropriate); make a prediction; leave the reader with something to think about; ask a question.