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Environmental Policy

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  • 1. JULIAN TARGOWSKI . MATT DAVIS . GABBY URQUIZO . BETHANY MARSHALL . ELLE JANNATO
  • 2. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS
  • 3. Everyone benefits, few people pay the cost.
  • 4. 1969
  • 5. NEPA
  • 6. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
  • 7. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
  • 8. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
  • 9. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Promotes enhancement of environment.
  • 10. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Requires all federal government agencies to prepare Environmental Impact Statements
  • 11. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act ? Requires all federal government agencies to prepare Environmental Impact Statements
  • 12. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
  • 13. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Impact Statements...
  • 14. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Impact Statements... Assess the possible effect of a project on the environment that uses federal money.
  • 15. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Impact Statements... Assess the possible effect of a project on the environment that uses federal money.
  • 16. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
  • 17. NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Supported by people because the public at large does not believe that it is paying a high price, and believes that the benefits of the act significantly outweigh the cost.
  • 18. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS
  • 19. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS =
  • 20. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS = NEPA
  • 21. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS = NEPA +
  • 22. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS = NEPA + Potential health benefits of regulating environmental emissions vs. costs associated with regulation.
  • 23. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS = NEPA + Potential health benefits of regulating environmental emissions vs. costs associated with regulation. =
  • 24. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS = NEPA + Potential health benefits of regulating environmental emissions vs. costs associated with regulation. = A small amount of people pay the price while the majority benefits.
  • 25. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS A small amount of people pay the price while the majority benefits.
  • 26. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS A small amount of people pay the price while the majority benefits.
  • 27. ENTREPRENEURIAL POLITICS A small amount of people pay the price while the majority benefits.
  • 28. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS
  • 29. POLICIES
  • 30. CLEAN AIR ACT
  • 31. CLEAN AIR ACT 1970-1990
  • 32. CLEAN AIR ACT
  • 33. CLEAN AIR ACT Pollution from cars cut 60-80%
  • 34. CLEAN AIR ACT
  • 35. CLEAN AIR ACT Initially viewed as entrepreneurial politics because people thought only car companies would have to pay, since they would be the ones who would have to create the new cars.
  • 36. CLEAN AIR ACT
  • 37. CLEAN AIR ACT Did not create much improvement, however.
  • 38. CLEAN AIR ACT ALSO OFFERED
  • 39. CLEAN AIR ACT ALSO OFFERED A provision which classifies cities in terms of how strong the smog is and requires the city to have more driving regulations to decrease amount of cars driving
  • 40. REGULATIONS?
  • 41. No parking in the city
  • 42. Mandatory carpool & bus use
  • 43. Rationalizing gas
  • 44. Everyone being affected to improve cities and air quality.
  • 45. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS Everyone being affected to improve cities and air quality.
  • 46. People are generally pro-environment, but when asked to change their daily lives, citizens were not pleased.
  • 47. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS I N P R A C T I C E
  • 48. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS I N P R A C T I C E GAS
  • 49. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS I N P R A C T I C E When gas prices high, everyone buys hoping others who don’t buy will drive price down.
  • 50. MAJORITARIAN POLITICS I N P R A C T I C E In reality, everyone is just paying more at the pump, allowing the oil industry higher revenues.
  • 51. WINNERS & LOSERS
  • 52. LOSERS
  • 53. LOSERS
  • 54. LOSERS Pay costs, receive no benefits.
  • 55. Taking the bus to work, rather than driving your car.
  • 56. SCIENTIFIC UNCERTAINTY
  • 57. Scientists have many... ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY
  • 58. Scientists have many... BUT ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY THEORY ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY
  • 59. Few of those are actually proven, and there is much disagreement in the scientific community on environment.
  • 60. Few of those are actually proven, and there is much disagreement in the scientific community on environment. (LIKE GLOBAL WARMING)
  • 61. EFFECTS ON STATE & INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
  • 62. States have passed more than 36 LAWS to lower greenhouse gases and clean up toxic waste.
  • 63. Kyoto Protocol
  • 64. Proposed, but thrown out treaty that proposed lowering greenhouse gases.
  • 65. Proposed, but thrown out treaty that proposed lowering greenhouse gases. Involved many countries.
  • 66. PESTICIDES AND CLIENT POLITICS
  • 67. Client Politics
  • 68. Client Politics Organized minority or interest group benefits at the expense of the public.
  • 69. Farmers use potentially harmful pesticides on their farms.
  • 70. Huge market, complicated testing.
  • 71. This makes it hard to test pesticides frequently and effectively. Because of this, there is no conclusive evidence that pesticides would harm the environment.
  • 72. =
  • 73. Farmers get to use pesticides. =
  • 74. Farmers get to use pesticides. People and environment are losers. =
  • 75. Farmers get to use pesticides. People and environment are losers. Minority benefits, at cost of majority. =
  • 76. Farmers get to use pesticides. People and environment are losers. Minority benefits, at cost of majority. = CLIENT POLITICS
  • 77. Farmers get to use pesticides. People and environment are losers. ... Minority benefits, at cost of majority. = CLIENT POLITICS