Plantwise Side Event at CPM8


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Plantwise Side Event at CPM8

  1. 1. LOSE LESS, FEED MOREwww.plantwise.orgA Global Alliance forPlant Health SupportPlantwise:U. Kuhlmann, April 2013Plantwise Programme Executive
  2. 2. CABI member countriesAnguilla Australia Bahamas Bangladesh Bermuda Botswana British Virgin BruneiIslands DarussalamBurundi Canada Chile China Colombia Cote d’Ivoire Cyprus DPR KoreaGambia Ghana Grenada Guyana India Jamaica Kenya MalawiPhilippines Rwanda Sierra Leone Solomon South Africa Sri Lanka St Helena SwitzerlandIslandsTanzania Trinidad & Uganda United Vietnam Zambia ZimbabweTobago KingdomMalaysia Mauritius Montserrat Myanmar The Netherlands Nigeria Pakistan Papua NewGuinea
  3. 3. CABI - global reach350+ staff across 19 locations worldwideUK 195 Netherlands 2 Switzerland 22Bulgaria 1China 4USA 3Costa Rica 1Trinidad & Tobago 5Australia 1Kenya 27Brazil 1Malaysia 10India 9Pakistan 65Hungary 1 Serbia 1Cameroon 1 Uganda 1 Ethiopia 1
  4. 4. Impact (Goal)To contribute to enabling maleand female farmers around theworld to lose less and growmoreOutcome (Purpose)To strengthen the capacity ofagricultural institutions andorganisations to establishsustainable plant healthsystems within their country,using the Plantwise approach asthe framework for action
  5. 5. Outputs (Expected Results)Innovative linkages established between key actors in aplant health system, including extension, research,regulation and input supplyNational networks of plant clinics established to provideregular advice to farmers and facilitate pest surveillancethrough the collection and use of plant clinic dataComprehensive knowledge bank developed according touser needs for pest diagnosis, treatment and distribution,and made available to national advisory services andorganisations contributing to plant health systemsMonitoring and evaluation schemes implemented forcontinuous learning, improving processes and quantifyingoutcomes and impact
  6. 6. PartnershipsThe success of Plantwise isdependent on partnershipsPlantwise facilitatesinstitutional change throughstrong partnerships withrelevant government ministriesand departments, such as:extensioncrop protection (oftenrepresenting the NPPO)
  7. 7. PartnershipsWith national governments asthe key partner, Plantwisestrengthens national planthealth systems by linkingstakeholders, such as:diagnostic servicesagro-input suppliersresearch institutionsnon-governmentalorganisationspost-secondary educationalinstitutionsfarmer- and community-basedorganisations
  8. 8. Plant clinicsWork like the human healthsystem (doctors, pharmacies,laboratories/diagnosticservices)Run on a regular scheduleRecord data about the farmer,location and problemProvide a mechanism by whichnew and emerging pests can bedetected (surveillance)Provide a mechanism forreaching farmers with other keymessages about plant health
  9. 9. Free at the point of useSet up at local meetingplaces, such as marketsFarmers bring a sample intothe plant clinicThey receive a diagnosis anda ‘prescription’(recommendation) from atrained plant doctor givingpractical treatment adviceHow the clinics work(farmer point of view)Plant clinic, DR Congo
  10. 10. ‘plant doctors’(extension/plant protection staff)FarmersPlantwisePlantwiseknowledgebankDiagnosis,support, advice“Intelligence”:What crops,pests are beingseen?Dialogue withfarmer, collectkey informationImproved,evidence-basedextensionmaterials; pestalerts; supporttoolsPartnermaterials/dataScientific informationand expertiseInformation flow
  11. 11. PW Implementation 2013AfricaDR CongoKenyaRwandaSierra LeoneTanzaniaUgandaGhanaEthiopiaMalawiMaliZambiaMozambiqueSouth AsiaBangladeshIndiaNepalSri LankaC&W AsiaPakistanAfghanistanSE AsiaCambodiaVietnamThailandEast AsiaChinaCaribbean & CentralAmericaNicaraguaHondurasBarbadosGrenadaTrinidad & TobagoSurinameLatinAmericaBoliviaPeruBrazil
  12. 12. Plantwise can be an importantcontributor to the mission of theIPPCFeedback from the Commissionon Phytosanitary Measures willhelp to ensure that PW respondsto the needs of it constituentsSide event is intended to serve asa forum to discuss on how PWcan help to support the NPPOactivities and the mission of IPPCOpportunities forIPPC–PW Collaboration
  13. 13. Thank youLOSE LESS, FEED
  14. 14. LOSE LESS, FEED MOREwww.plantwise.orgPlantwise KnowledgeBankShaun Hobbs,Global Director, Knowledge Bank11 April 2013CPM8, Rome
  15. 15. Input supplyResearchFarmersRegulationExtensionPlant clinicsKnowledgeandInformation
  16. 16. CABI in collaboration with
  17. 17. CABI in collaboration with
  18. 18. CABI in collaboration with
  19. 19. Leading to a datasheet on furtherinformation
  20. 20. Maps of disease distribution
  21. 21. Full references given foreach point
  22. 22. Partner data from CIAT
  23. 23. Distribution information collated fromreliable sourcesNPPOs and RPPOs (e.g. information sharing with EPPO)Peer-reviewed literature (over 800 relevant journals scanned peryear)Other referenced sources (such as species collections)References given in all cases
  24. 24. CABI in collaboration with
  25. 25. Pest alert example
  26. 26. Recording clinic data:
  27. 27. Pests seen at clinics
  28. 28. Dashboard of clinic data
  29. 29. Thank youShaun LESS, FEED
  30. 30. U. Kuhlmann, April 2013Future Directions forCollaboration betweenIPPC and PlantwisePlantwise PolicyStatements
  31. 31. Plantwise can be an importantcontributor to the mission of theIPPCFeedback from the Commissionon Phytosanitary Measures willhelp to ensure that PW respondsto the needs of it constituentsSide event is intended to serve asa forum to discuss on how PWcan help to support the NPPOactivities and the mission of IPPCOpportunities forIPPC–PW Collaboration
  32. 32. Clarify the Plantwise stance on three key issues(currently), including international conventions,regulations and standards relevant to plant protection,biodiversity and the environmentTackle the following topics:publishing pest reportsuse of plant clinic datause of pesticides usePolicy Statements
  33. 33. Pest Reporting – within the countryNational Plant Protection Organisations (NPPOs) havethe key responsibility of reporting the occurrence,outbreak and spread of pests in the area for which theyare responsible (ISPM 17) under the International PlantProtection Convention (IPPC)Plantwise facilitates the reporting of potential new peststo the official IPPC contact point within the NPPOWhere in-country diagnostic services have limitedcapacity, specimens may be sent to a laboratory outsidethe country, in concurrence with the NPPOPolicy Statements
  34. 34. Pest Reports – from the public domainPlantwise offers IPPC contact points and otherinterested parties an alerting service which sendssubscribers information on their country or the worldThe NPPO may challenge a pest report at any time andits status on the Plantwise knowledge bank will bechanged (deleted or otherwise updated) in the light ofsupporting evidence, referencing the NPPOcorrespondencePolicy Statements
  35. 35. Use of Plant Clinic DataCABI recognises the value of scientific data but also thepotential sensitivity of some of this information and so hascreated two sections of the knowledge bank, one that is‘access-controlled’ and one ‘open-access’. The nationalresponsible organisation decides the level of access.Access-controlled --- only selected employees frompartner organisations, relevant in-country governmentbodies and CABI can view the material depositedOpen-access --- clinic data is freely available for research,teaching, and for wider exploitation for the public good, byindividuals, government, business and other organisationsPolicy Statements
  36. 36. Use of Plant Clinic Data (continued)CABI will only use access-controlled data to:Support quality control of the clinicsSupport data management, validation and analysisPrepare analyses and reports for donors or in-country government bodiesDemonstrate Plantwise to potential partners withinthe target countryUndertake research for the improvement of the KBand associated offeringPrepare generalised reports where the data cannotbe identified as coming from a specific countryPolicy Statements
  37. 37. Future Directions forIPPC–CABI CollaborationCollaboration on pest reportingSharing knowledge and contactpointsSecondment of a CABI staff atthe IPPC SecretariatEstablishment of an IPPC-CABItechnical working groupCABI has recently offered£40,000 to support the IPPC inimplementing its PhytosanitaryCapacity Evaluation (PCE)
  38. 38. LOSE LESS, FEED MOREwww.plantwise.orgThank you
  39. 39. Policy statementsUse of pesticidesPlant doctors are advised to give advice that followsthe principles of Integrated Pest ManagementWhere the use of pesticides is unavoidable, onlylocally-registered pesticides are recommendedPesticides that are subject to internationalrestrictions should not be recommendedAdvice should keep pesticide usage to the lowesteffective level and ensure minimal risk to humanhealth and the environment
  40. 40. Use of PesticidesPlantwise facilitates the development and distribution ofinformation resources/tools (e.g. pest managementdecision guides) to support the implementation of IPMPolicy Statements
  41. 41. Use of Pesticides (continued)Within the knowledge bank and other Plantwiseinformation resources, all references to internationally-restricted pesticides are avoidedPolicy Statements
  42. 42. Plant health management in NepalYubak Dhoj G. C., PhDProgram DirectorMinistry of Agricultural DevelopmentNepalHarihar Bhawan++ 977 98511 28 1
  43. 43. Nepalese AgriculturePredominantly an agricultural country, 65.5%Major contribution in GDP: 42%Considerable scope: Increasing food productionUn acceptable losses of biotic and abiotic factors: 30-35%Majority of growers: illiterateNo or low attention on plant health improvementFormidable challenges in meeting food safety rules and standards
  44. 44. ScientistsSolutionsTechniquesResearchFarmersLack of GuidanceCrop LossesPlant Clinics
  45. 45. clinics are seen as the ‘missing link’ between farmers andexpert institutionsextension workers are able to reach more farmers in shorttime and at low costfarmer demand is captured directly at the clinicsclinics are vehicles for dissemination of IPM technologiesclinics help their communities stay alert to new diseases andemerging epidemics, andvaluable synergies can be created between actors of the‘healthcare system’Some Reasons for the RapidAdoption of Plant Clinics:
  46. 46. Plant Clinics under Plantwise-NepalPartnership• Plant clinics initiated through Global Plant Clinic in 2008• Conducted mobile and permanent clinics with Governmentand NGOs• Plantwise launched in 2012 by CABI South Asia – India• Partnership established with agreements (involvingGovernment i.e. MoAD, Academia and NGOs)• 71 persons trained on different modules• 18 clinics conducted started at different districts of Nepal• 28 fact sheets produced, data collection in process• Very encouraging response from farmers• Plan to involve extension and IPM programmes for up-scaling by the Government in coming years
  47. 47. 6Importance of plant clinicsStimulates new networks,improves collaborationStrengthening farmerswith healthy cropsSurveillance of diseasesAwareness Direct help to growersGathers demand (for control)and supplies technologiesCrop ManagementHow planthealth clinicswork
  48. 48. Results so farKick start, 2008/09: CABIInitial emphasis: CapacitybuildingSystematic penetration in GoN :2011 by PPD and CABI IndiaModule I Training : January2011, PPD and CABI IndiaModule II: April 2012 (PPD)Module II: January 2012, PPDand local experts, 25 OfficersModule II: August 2012: PPDand CABI, Plantwise, 30participantsModule III: September 2012,PPD and CABI Plantwise, 30participants
  49. 49. Implementing Plantwise in NepalElementaryStepSecondaryStepTechnical Step Plant HealthSystemStudying aboutthe crop- pestscenarioCapacity buildingof plant protectionofficersLinking clinics todiagnostic labsTrained capacityavailable forNational PlantHealth SystemDiscussion withNPPO and matchmandates withGovernmentpriority areasPracticaltrainings ondiagnosis andconducting clinicsScientificbackstopping andvalidation of dataLinking diagnosticlabs to backstopclinicsLayout plan forworking in Nepalwith Governmentof NepalConductingclinics asfrontline workersin dealing withfarmersFeed thevalidated inKnowledge bankEmbedding plantclinics inGovernmentsystem
  50. 50. Lessons learntPoor knowledge on plant problem diagnosis skillsAdvisory services: pesticide dealersSeeking cure without sample diagnosisControl measures: On guessResult: losses in production, monetary value, non-target effectsof chemicalPlant clinic: Lately introducedCABI: great support in capacity building and clinical activitiesGovernment involvement: latelyPlant clinics: Important components of IPM and food securityServe as a channel for communicating with farmers on emergingpest problems
  51. 51. Future needs:Capacity building of the Govt staff, farmers, input dealersFunctional role: Govt (strength of infrastructure andhuman resources)Supportive role: Research, Teaching Institutes andPrivate organizationSupport: External (CABI and multi-partners association)Government role: Streamlining and scaling upGreater emphasis to the program-regularization
  52. 52. Thank you!
  54. 54. HOW IT STARTED
  55. 55. OrganisationWho is involved?ClinicimplementationRegionalCoordinationNational authorityMAFFS/Crops Division/Crop Protection ServicesDistrict Crop Protection officesMAFFS Crop Protection OfficersMAFFS /Projects/District CouncilsNATC/Njala University/FBC/GAFSP/COOPI/IITA
  56. 56. Partnership between Plantwise & the NPPO• National responsible organisation for Plantwise = the NPPO• Plant doctors are extension agents working for the MAFFS• Plant doctors support general surveillance activities: o Part of the national Early Warning System (EWS) o Clinic reports are collected and sent to Crop Protection Services HQ• Phytosanitary services alerts plant doctors of emerging issues• Plant doctors hold meetings with the communities to raise awareness about emerging issues.
  57. 57. Results so far• 36 clinics providing advice to farmers in 13 districts• MAFFS signed a Partnership Statement and Data Sharing Agreement with PW• Plantwise activities included in MAFFS, Crop Protection Services and the Sierra Leone Agriculture Research Institute (SLARI), NATC Njala staff, District Agricultural Officers ‘ annual performance contracts.• Staff appointed in MAFFS with new ToRs to coordinate PW activities and data processing.
  58. 58. • Crops Division has also signed MoU with GAFSP of the SCP/CAADP to establish 50 plant clinics at the ABCs• MAFFS in collaboration with the District Councils to provide funds for running plant clinics.• NATC staff have started running plant clinics to encourage students to become interested in PW activities.• Recommendations have been made to NATC/Njala University to incorporate plant doctor training into their curriculum.• PW has established a Sierra Leone‐specific knowledge bank website
  59. 59. Lessons learnt• Communication between plant health stakeholders is key. • nstitutionalisation of plant clinics by the MAFFS is critical for sustainability• Champions at all levels of operation an ingredient for success• Partners realizing PW role in facilitating their success builds enthusiasm for participation • Need to be ready to respond to increased demand
  60. 60. Next steps• Identifying 25 ABCs for locating  plant clinics, and training of 50 plant doctors for running of the new clinics• Link plant clinics with newly established Agricultural Business Centres at 48 sites across the country• Further strengthen the plant clinic data management process • Using data from clinics to identify major pests • Developing extension materials such as pest management decision guides to support plant doctors as they give advice
  61. 61. Key message• Plantwise activities complement IPPC‐related activitieso Plant  clinic data support pest surveillance o The clinics build  farmers confidence on the services provided by MAFFS and a link for communicating on emerging pest problems.
  62. 62. THANK YOU
  63. 63. PLANTWISE ACTIVITIES INTANZANIAPlantwise Activities in Tz startedimmediately after the inceptionw/shop held in April 2012Mkondo, Cornelius FabianAssistant Director, Plant Health Services
  64. 64. Launching of Plantwise program inTanzania in 2012: Support frompolicy makers must be sought
  65. 65. •To transfer knowledge for smallholder farmers•It is therefore a community based approach that empowersfarmers to take field level decision in managing pests•To enable farmers lose less of their crops and therefore feedmore people•For Tanzania, the approach is in line with Integrated PestManagement, a national policy in plant protection•Early detection of pest incidences leads to minimum use ofpesticides, therefore saving cost (profitability factor) andminimize pesticide impact on the environment and humanhealthOBJECTIVES OF PLANT CLINICS
  66. 66. Activities after the w/shopTraining of Plant DoctorsDistribution of plant clinics materialsEstablishment of Plant clinicsRunning of Plant ClinicsCAPACITY BUILDING OF THE EXISTING EXTENSIONSYSTEM
  67. 67. Activities after the w/shop Follow up and technical back stopping ofplant clinics activities Development of fact sheets Preparation of G & Y list for plant clinics Debriefing MAFS activities of plant clinics Review and planning Plantwise meetings
  68. 68. Plant clinics testing requiresworking toolkit eg dissecting kits
  69. 69. Plantwise partner & stakeholder w/shop to reviewprogress & achievements of the 2012 & Planning ofPlantwise activities for 2013
  70. 70. Plantwise Partners & Stakeholders involvementin running of Plant Clinic: Awareness creation tocouncilors (Local Govt policy makers)
  71. 71. Achievements More than 500 farmers are aware of the new MaizeLethal Necrosis Disease in Africa which was reportedfor the first time in Kenya. Plant Clinics has created more demand fo rimprovedextension services delivery especially outreach It is a motivation for extension agents to servefarmers Plant clinics is a means to link farmers with researchand extension It has drawn support from Local Governments for apossibility of future financial support
  72. 72. Challenges Limited capacity to meet increasingdemand from farmers Limited resources to train more plantdoctors and acquire associated tools Further increase awareness of policymakers esp local governments Lack of reliable means of transport foreffective outreach
  73. 73. Target for 2013 To train 24 more plant doctors beforeJuly 2013 To establish 12 more plant clinics inNorthern, Eastern and central zoneBefore July 2013 To do more awareness creation to thedistrict authority in East and centralzone before June 2013
  74. 74. Thank you for listeningBy Cornelius Fabian Mkondo