Human Resources of the PhilippinesPresentation Transcript
The Human Resources of the Philippines Aside from natural resources is one of the basis of economic development. Its people is the most important resource of any country. It is important to understand how people utilize and develop natural resources based on their character, diligence, and creativity. In fact, humans serve as the “driver” of the world since the direction of it depends on them.
Population means the number of persons living in a certain place. The issue of population is important in the national government. We already know that rapid population growth is critical in the rapid depletion of natural resources, and large population means widespread use of natural resources,meaning, large number of population is like slow development of a country. Thus, less population is better than a big number of population in a place.
Population of the Philippines in Each Region(as of 2007) 6 398 628 14 852 Central Visayas 6 843 643 20 440 West. Visayas 5 109 798 17 632 Bicol 2 559 791 27 456 MIMAROPA 11 743 110 16 228 CALABARZON 9 720 982 21 470 Central Luzon 3 051 487 26 838 Cagayan Valley 4 546 906 12 840 Ilocos Region POPULATION SQUARE KM. REGION
Population of the Philippines in Each Region(Continuation) 11 553 427 636 N. C. R. 1 520 743 18 294 C. A. R. 4 120 795 12 695 A. R. M. M. 2 293 480 18 847.7 Caraga 3 829 081 18 925.7 SoccskSarGen 4 516 653 19 671.8 Davao Region 3 952 437 16 894 N. Mindanao 3 230 094 14 810.7 Zamboanga 3 912 936 21 431 East.Visayas
Note:SoccskSarGen means North Cotabato, Saranggani, Sultan Cudarat, Koronadal, and South Cotabato; C. A. R. means Cordillera Administrative Region; N. C. R. means National Capital Region; and A. R. M. M. means Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. As you have seen in the table, the total sq. km. measurement of the Philippines is 300,000 and its total population is 88,574,614.
Distribution of Children and Elderly
The composition of the population has also an impact in the nature of national policies and the focus of the government. This can also give us an idea of a country’s potential in terms of economic development. As more are born and few die, the supplies of natural resources will start to run out. You will see a table in the next slide about an estimate of the total population of the Philippines by gender and age as of 2004.
Distribution of Population Acc. To Sex and Age (as of 2004) 1 756 317 Female 65 and ABOVE 25 478 245 Female 15 - 64 15 169 264 Female 0 - 14 1 399 862 Male 65 and ABOVE 24 990 500 Male 15 -64 15 731 451 Male 0 - 14
Health The government considers health as one of the major issues that need to be addressed. Healthy people are the wealth of a nation that is why health should be given its much deserved attention. When we speak of health, we need to know the “FERTILITY RATE”, “DEATH RATE”, and “LIFE EXPECTANCY RATE” of the Filipinos.
It means the number of live births per 1,000 women who are in the reproductive age of 15 to 49 years old. According to estimates in 2003, 3.54 infants are born in the Philippines every minute. You will see a table about this in the next slide.
Total Fertility Rate in the Philippines (2003) T.F.R. : 3.54 TOTAL : 0.707 0.005 45 - 49 0.043 40 - 44 0.095 35 -39 0.142 30 -34 0.191 25 -29 0.178 20 -24 0.053 15 - 19 Age-Specific F. Rate Age Group
Birth Rate It refers to the number of infants born in a given period of time. This is expressed as the number of live births for every 1,000 population in one year. More often than not, birth rate remains high in poor countries, but in rich countries, the birth rate is low due to improved lifestyle, effective use of contraceptives, high infant morality or no. of infants that die at birth or stillborn, and less natural resources used because of less babies born.
Distribution of Men and Women Based on Region App.2.2m App.2.3m 6.13 App.4.6m Bicol App.5.8m App.5.9m 15.42 App.11m S.Tagalog App.3.9m App.4m 10.50 App.8m C. Luzon App.1.3m App.1.4m 3.68 App. 2.8m Cagayan App.2m App.2.1m 5.49 App.4.2m Ilocos App.5m App.4.8m 12.98 App.9.9m N.C.R. 669 574 695 838 1.78 App.1.3m C.A.R. Ap.37.9m Ap.38.5m 100 Ap.76.5m Phil. Women Men % T. Pop. Region
Distribution of Men and Women Based on Region Ap.1.2m Ap.1.1m 3.15 Ap.2.4m ARMM Ap.1m Ap.1m 2.74 Ap.2m Caraga Ap.1.2m Ap.1.3m 3.40 Ap.2.5m C. Min. Ap.2.5m Ap.2.6m 6.78 Ap.5.1m S. Min. Ap.1.3m Ap.1.3m 3.59 Ap.2.7m N. Min. Ap.1.5m Ap.1.5m 4.04 Ap.3m W. Min. Ap.1.7m Ap.1.8m 4.72 Ap.3.6m E. Vis. Ap.2.8m Ap.2.8m 7.46 Ap.5.7m C. Vis. Ap.3m Ap.3.1m 8.12 Ap.6.2m W. Vis.
Death Rate It refers to the total number of those who died in the total population in one particular place in one year.Sometimes, it is expressed through the number of those who died in every 1,000 population in one year. High death rate might mean lack of needed medical attention and technology in a given country. In our country, the ratio is 5.53 for every 1,000 population in 1 year acc. To an estimate in the year of 2004.
Life Expectancy means the expected life span of the citizens in a particular or given country. This Life Expectancy may actually serve as an indicator of the state of development or improvement of a country. If life expectancy in a country is long, this means that there’s technological and medical progress in that country.You will see a table in the next slide that shows that women have longer life expectancy than men in the Philippines.
Life Expectancy of Men and Women in the Phil.(2005) 70.5 years old Total Population 73.08 years old Women 67.83 years old Men
EDUCATION An educated citizenry is a nations wealth. This is precisely the reason why th government should prioritize the education of its people. Education gives the people the chance to complete in the field of labor. The Phil. has one of the highest literacy rates among Asian nations. Literacy Rate refers to the number of citizens aged ten above who knows how to read and write. It is estimated that 94.9% of Filipinos are literate. You will see a table about the literacy rate of Filipinos.
Literacy Rate of Men and Women in the Philippines(2000) 93.01 92.38 92.69 Bicol 94.07 93.95 94.01 S.Tagalog 94.76 94.83 94.80 C. Luzon 92.08 91.43 91.75 Cagayan 95.04 95.41 95.23 Ilocos 98.11 98.17 98.14 N. C. R. 90.11 90.90 90.51 C. A. R. 92.47 92.10 92.28 Philippines Women Men Total Pop. Region
Literacy Rate of Men and Women in the Philippines 67.74 69.75 68.73 A. R. M. M. 92.61 91.40 91.99 Caraga 87.01 87.05 87.03 C. Mindanao 90.52 89.79 90.15 S. Mindanao 92.09 90.73 91.40 N. Mindanao 85.21 85.30 85.25 W. Mindanao 91.08 88.79 89.92 E. Visayas 91.83 91.47 91.65 C. Visayas 93.58 92.45 93.02 W. Visayas
ECONOMY The economy of a nation determines the direction it will take in the future. If there is economic development, this means a prosperous life for citizens. It is important to bear in mind that the citizenry is the key to economic development since the people are the ones who compose the labor force of a country.
The fact that there are college graduates that are unemployed is a very common knowledge here in the Philippines. Unemployment is certainly one of the most pressing problems in the country at present. No jobs mean almost no money for the family of a citizen without a job, so jobs are very important in a family.
Migration is one of the realities in the Philippines at present. Migration refers to the movement of people from one region to another region or city. Migration from rural to urban areas has made the National Capital Region the highest populated region among all regions in the Philippines. Migration to cities is a result of the desire to find employment. The result of migration is the rise of population in the cities of the Philippines. So most will say that migration is not good for other people here in the Philippines.