Thematic unit carbon footprint by judy
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    Thematic unit carbon footprint by judy Thematic unit carbon footprint by judy Document Transcript

    • "The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take careof it." -- Genesis 2:15Focus What do you see in the picture? Why are humans responsible for the destruction of the environment? What are some basic solutions to prevent the destruction of the environment? 1
    • Before reading:Learn about the title of this unitThe carbon footprint is a measure of the exclusive global amount of carbon dioxide (CO2)and other greenhouse gases emitted by a human activity or accumulated over the full lifecycle of a product or service.The life cycle concept of the carbon footprint means that it is all-encompassing andincludes all possible causes that give rise to carbon emissions. In other words, all direct(on-site, internal) and indirect emissions (off-site, external, embodied, upstream,downstream) need to be taken into account.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_footprintEncompass – to surround on all sidesBefore Reading1. Discuss with a partner the ways you can avoid human destruction to theenvironment?2. Do you know what ecology means?3. After looking at the picture on page 1, what does the title “Human Insanity”mean? Human Insanity by M. Joy Katz 1Sometimes, I find, my perception of humanity is overwhelmed by the abundance of insanity. 2 Man sprays the planet with toxic compounds to poison bugs and weeds- Hes ignorant of the poor judgment inherent in these deeds. 3 He endangers many species; renders some others extinct. He doesnt see The Big Picture and that all of us are linked. 11 Connected 2
    • 4 He renders the soil worthless, devoid of all fertility.In other lands, he purchases a child, for his utility.5 Man enslaves his own species and the other animals, too...engages in mass murder of his own, in times of old and new.6 He makes the Almighty Dollar his God and his guiding light.He lives without integrity; does whats easy, not whats right.7 He lusts after money with a materialistic greed...while his fellow human cries for help in impoverished need.8 Man will execute the trees like they are growing out of style...never pondering the repercussions of this, all the while.9 He passes through enchanted woods and leaves his rubbish behind,and limits concern for his fellow man to one of his own kind.10 He has little tolerance for other religions or races...Hes one who thinks his color is the best color for all faces.11 He adorns himself with gadgets and pierces his skin for rings...He thinks he is attractive by doing such meaningless things.12 He treats the disease, but neglects the preventative measure--with little forethought, he delves into momentary pleasure.13 He settles for mere sex rather than the art of Love-making....He is empty inside, because his passion hes forsaking.14 He is a being that is cruel; that inflicts suffering and pain...his viewing of animals as a commodity...is insane!15 His mind invented the telephone, the computer chip, and more...but cant learn that eating animals is an action to abhor.16 He fuels his body and soul with a most violent of diets---never thinking to correlate this with rising city riots!17 He lives on top of each other, like hens in a factory farm...and with businesses polluting air and stream, ignoring their harm!18 Something he is compelled to do--is to over-populate... 3
    • Unlike animals, when resources dwindle, he will still mate! 19 He will step on his comrade to make himself appear supreme--- wrapped up in himself, he cares not for the members of his team. 20 This "He" lives in the street bum, as well as the nations president... Some aspect of this man lives in every global resident. 21 Are we powerless to change the lack of virtue that eludes man? Will we ever know that yearned for Peace on Earth in our lifes span? 22 Can the soul subdue the ego; can we unmask our human lies? Will we elevate and save our race, before humanity dies? 23 Will we annihilate ourselves with the weapons made by man? Or will we turn it all around, as only us humans can? 24 Humanity created insanity---yet---were able to see... that within each of us lies the power to set sanity free.A. Comprehension Check:1. Why do you think humans are spraying poison compounds?2. Do humans know the harm they are doing to the planet?3. Mention five human practices that contribute to the destruction of earth?4. Why is it important for humans to be aware of the damage they cause?B. Vocabulary Building: choose the definition that fits the context in which the word isused. Match column 1 with column 2 Column 1 Column 2____1. He renders the soil worthless a) not having enough of devoid of all fertility. (¶4)____2. Man will execute the trees like they b) desiredare growing out of style... neverpondering…(¶8)________3. He is a being that is cruel; that c) emptyinflicts suffering and pain... (¶14) 4
    • ____4. …but cant learn that eating animals d) decrease Is an action to abhor. (¶15)____5. Unlike animals, when resources e) close companiondwindle he will still mate! (¶186. He will step on his comrade to make f) detest, hatehimself appear supreme--- (¶19)____7. Are we powerless to change g) something unwanted or unpleasant the lack of virtue that eludes man? (¶21) make someone suffer____8. Will we ever know that yearned h) thinking about for Peace on Earth in our lifes span? (¶ 21)____9. Can the soul subdue the ego; i) conquer or gain control of can we unmask our human lies? (¶22)____10. Will we annihilate ourselves j) destroy completely with the weapons made by man? (¶23)C. Vocabulary Check: Match the words to the definition_______ 1. worthless (¶ 4) a) desire for more than one needs or deserves_______2. greed (¶ 7) b) useless, valueless_______3. impoverished (¶7 ) c)abandoning, to giving up_______4.repercussions (¶8) d) magical_______ 5. enchanted (¶9) e) poor_______6. rubbish (¶9) f) results, effects_______7.gadgets (¶11) g) prior planning_______8. forethought (¶12) h) small mechanical or electronic devices_______ 9. forsaking (¶13) i) garbageD. Vocabulary in context: Fill in the blanks with the vocabulary below.devoid (¶4) pondering (¶8) inflicts (¶14) abhor (¶15) dwindle(¶18)comrade (¶19) lack (¶21) yearn (¶ 21) subdue (¶22) annihilate (¶23)1. Pacifists are people who __________________violence, people who seek peace.2. After ______________on the issue of animal killing, I think that it should be avoided. 5
    • 3. Humankind use sharp weapons to ____________ animals.4. Have we the right to __________suffering on others?5. There has been a _____________ in our natural resources.6. They carried the same instruments that their eleven murdered ____________ wouldhave carried.7. In my darker hours, I dream of and _____________for this day to come.8. Humankind use massive forces to ________________the enemy.9. Some humans damage the earth because of a __________ of knowledge of what theyare actually doing.10. People who kill animals for the fun of it seem __________of any moral respect at all.E. Sharing Your Thoughts1. What is the author of “Human Insanity” advocating?Do her arguments successfully convince the readers?2. Do you think humans can live better without harming the environment?3. With a partner, make a list of the things you would do in order to live a life accordingto the text?F. Writing the main Idea: Go back to the poem, “Human Insanity.” In one sentencewrite the message the author wants to convey to us. 6
    • Before reading learn what is the green house effect and global warmingThe greenhouse effect refers to the change in the thermal equilibrium temperature of aplanet or moon by the presence of an atmosphere containing gas that absorbs and emitsinfrared radiation. Greenhouse gases, which include water vapor, carbon dioxide andmethane, warm the atmosphere by efficiently absorbing thermal infrared radiation1 emitted by the Earth’s surface, by the atmosphere itself, and by clouds. As a result of itswarmth, the atmosphere also radiates thermal infrared in all directions, includingdownward to the Earth’s surface. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_effectGlobal warming is the increase in the average measured temperature of the Earths near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century, and its projected continuation.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warmingBefore Reading1. What do you see in the picture?2. What does this picture suggest is happening to the world? Web address: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/ 080514131125.htm1 Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation whose wavelength is longer than that of visible light,but shorter than that of terahertz radiation and microwaves. (In physics, terahertz radiation refers toelectromagnetic waves sent at frequencies in the terahertz range). 7
    • Warming Climate Is Changing Life on Global Scale, Says New Study 1 ScienceDaily (May 15, 2008) — A vast array of physical and biological systemsacross the earth are being affected by warming temperatures caused by humans, says anew analysis of information not previously assembled all in one spot. The effects onliving things include earlier leafing of trees and plants over many regions; movements ofspecies to higher latitudes and altitudes in the northern hemisphere; changes in birdmigrations in Europe, North America and Australia; and shifting of the oceansplankton 1 and fish from cold- to warm-adapted communities.2"Humans are influencing climate through increasing greenhouse gas emissions, and thewarming world is causing impacts on physical and biological systems attributable at theglobal scale," said lead author Cynthia Rosenzweig, a scientist at the NASA GoddardInstitute for Space Studies and the Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research. Bothare affiliates of The Earth Institute at Columbia University.3 Observed impacts included changes to physical systems, such as glaciers2 shrinking,permafrost3 melting, and lakes and rivers warming. Biological systems also wereimpacted in a variety of ways, such as leaves unfolding and flowers blooming earlier inthe spring, birds arriving earlier during migration periods, and plant and animal speciesmoving toward Earths poles and higher in elevation. In aquatic environments such asoceans, lakes, and rivers, plankton and fish are shifting from cold-adapted to warm-adapted communities.4 Rosenzweig and researchers from 10 other institutions across the world analyzed datafrom published papers on 829 physical systems and some 28,800 plant and animalsystems, stretching back to 1970. Their analysis of this data revealed a picture of changeson continental scales; previous studies had looked mainly at single phenomena, orsmaller areas. In physical systems, 95% of observed changes are consistent with warmingtrends. These include wastage of glaciers on all continents; melting permafrost; earlierspring river runoff; and warming of water bodies. Among living creatures inhabiting suchsystems, 90% of changes are consistent with warming.5 The researchers say it is unlikely that any force but human-influenced climate changecould be driving all this; factors like deforestation or natural climate variations could notexplain it. Their work builds upon the consensus of the Intergovernmental Panel onClimate Change, which in 2007 declared manmade climate warming "likely" to havediscernible effects on biological and physical systems.6 "It was a real challenge to separate the influence of human-caused temperatureincreases from natural climate variations or other confounding factors, such as land-usechanges or pollution," said coauthor David Karoly, a climate scientist at the University of1 The usually microscopic animal and plant life found floating or drifting in the ocean or in bodies of freshwater, used as food by nearly all aquatic animals.2A huge mass of ice3 Permanently frozen soil, subsoil, etc. 8
    • Melbourne in Victoria, Australia. "This was possible only through the combined efforts of our multi-disciplinary team, which examined observed changes in many different systems around the globe, as well as global climate model simulations of temperature changes." 7 "Humans are influencing climate through increasing greenhouse gas emissions," Rosenzweig said. "The warming is causing impacts on physical and biological systems that are now attributable at the global scale and in North America, Europe, and Asia." 8 The data showing the patterns of change are strongest in North America, Asia and Europe--mainly because far more studies have been done there, said Rosenzweig. On the other continents, including South America, Australia and Africa, documentation of changes in physical and biological systems is sparse, even though there is good evidence there of human-influenced warming itself. The authors say that there is an urgent need to study these environmental systems, especially in tropical and subtropical areas. Journal reference:1. Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change. Nature. May 15, 2008. Adapted from materials provided by The Earth Institute at Columbia University, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. The Earth Institute at Columbia University (2008, May 15). Warming Climate Is Changing Life On Global Scale, Says New Study. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 27, 2008, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/05/080514131125.htm A. Comprehension Check: 1. What is unique about the new study reported in this article? 2. Mention two things on page 8 that are causing global warming? 3. What is the greenhouse effect, and how is it affecting our climate? 4. What are the effects of global warming? 5. How important are these changes in the long term? B. Vocabulary Building: Choose the definition that fits the context in which the word is used. Match column 1 with column 2    Column 1 Column 2 ___1. …and shifting of the oceans a) confusing plankton and fish from cold- to warm-adapted communities. (¶1) 9
    • ___2 “observed impact includes changes b) consider as resulting from, likely to be caused bysuch as melting and lakes and riverswarming”. (¶3)___3. ….observed changes are consistent c) a tendencies with warming trends”. (¶4)___4. “These include wastage of glaciers d) moving from one place to another on all continents”. (¶4)___5. “The influence of other confounding e) Loss by deterioration, wear, orfactors, such as land-use changes or destructionpollution," (¶6)___6 impacts on physical and f) to cause a solid to become liquid by heatBiological systems that are nowattributable at the global scale and in NorthAmerica…(¶7 )C. Vocabulary MatchGo back to the text and find these words which are in bold and match the word with themeaning.1. array(¶1) a. getting smaller, more compact2. assembled all in one spot (¶1) b. thinly spread or distributed, small number.3. greenhouse gas (¶2) c. Any of the atmospheric gases4. shrinking (¶3) d. an orderly grouping or arrangement5. sparse (¶8) e. together in one placeD. Vocabulary in contextshift (¶1) melting (¶3) trends. (¶4)wastage(¶4 ) confounding(¶6) attributable (¶7 )1. The article about global warming shows how ready some people are to____________the blame for their own actions onto someone else.2. Air curtains reduce heat loss and minimize energy __________________, which isgood for the environment. 10
    • 3. Information was sought from three main sources that would identify anyemerging_______________.4. In Antarctica the glaciers are __________________because the earths temperature hasrisen in recent decades.5. The pollution caused by humans had a negative effect all around the world, becausetemperature has become greater from natural climate variations or other__________________________factors6. The word _______________________ means related to a particular cause or source.E. Making Predictions about the Effects of Global Warming1. With a partner imagine how the worlds climate could change over the next 100 yearsif humans do nothing to limit the levels of their greenhouse gas emissions. Analyze andmake predictions about the effects such climate changes could have on humans. Mentiononly the ones that are mentioned in the text on pages 7 and 8.2. Working in pairs or small groups, brainstorm a list of ideas related to these questions inquestion number 1. Each should have a copy of the list in order to refer back to it later.E. Writing Task: Persuasive writing attempts to convince the reader that the point ofview or course of action recommended by the writer is valid. From the reading on page 7and 8, write 2-3 persuasive paragraphs to answer the following questions:► Is global warming an imminent world threat? Why or why not?►Based on your opinion, what actions do you believe should be taken to handle theglobal warming issue? Sustain your opinions with specific information from the text.Before ReadingWhat do you think this title means? Diet for a Cooler Planet By Michael Jacobson 11
    • 1 Our planet just experienced the warmest winter in the 105 years during whichrecords have been kept. According to James Hansen, who heads NASA’s GoddardInstitute for Space Studies, “if further global warming reaches 2 or 3 degrees Celsius [4or 5 degrees Fahrenheit], we will likely see changes that make Earth a different planetthan the one we know. The last time it was that warm was...about three million years ago,when sea level was estimated to have been about 80 feet higher than today.” Fossilfuels1—used in coal-burning power plants and gasoline-and-diesel burning cars andtrucks—top the list of problems. But other factors also contribute:●Growth: 6.5 billion people double the population of 1965—now draw down ourworld’s finite resources.Higher standards of living: air conditioners, cars, air travel, and other conveniencesrequire fossil fuelsFigure1.Heating up. Cattle belch out methane and their manure is a majorsource of nitrous oxide. Both are greenhouse gases that keep theEarth’s heat from escaping into space.Diet: as incomes rise, people replace wheat and rice with meat and dairy foods. What do more burgers and cheese have to do with climate change? 2 Between global warming and a lack of land, water, and other resources, the Earthsimply can’t cope with a worldwide jump in meat and dairy consumption. In 2006, areport by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned: 3 “Livestock’s contribution to environmental problems is on a massive scale and itspotential contribution to their solution is equally large. The impact is so significant that itneeds to be addressed with urgency. 4 ” Livestock not only pollutes our water, air, and soil, said the FAO, it’s also“responsible for 18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions...a higher share than transport.” 5 Cattle belch out huge volumes of methane, a gas that’s 23 times more potent attrapping heat than carbon dioxide. Livestock manure is the source of two-thirds of man-made nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas that’s 300 times more potent than carbon dioxide. 6 Growing corn, soybeans, and hay for livestock feed uses up about half of all U.S.fertilizer, generating large amounts of nitrous oxide. In Brazil, an astounding 70 percentof one time forest land is being used as pasture and to grow animal feed. Worldwide, the34 million acres of trees that are cut and burned each year account for 25 to 30 percent ofall the carbon that enters our atmosphere.1 any carbon-containing fuel derived from the decomposed remains of prehistoric plants andanimals, e.g. coal, peat, petroleum, and natural gas 12
    • 7 Eating less meat and dairy foods is a small step that each of us could take to helpslow global warming. 8 Bonus: switching from meat to beans, nuts, fruits, and vegetables means lower risksof heart disease, stroke, obesity, diabetes, and cancer. (See www.EatingGreen.org tocalculate those benefits and to order our book, Six Arguments for a Greener Diet.) 9 So for the sake of our globe—and our own Health—let’s all try to eat more plantsand less meat.2 N U T R I T I O N A C T I O N H E A LT H L E T T E R n MAY 2 0 0 7Michael F. Jacobson, Ph.D.Executive DirectorCenter for Science in the Public Interesthttp://www.psr.org/site/DocServer/DietForCoolerPlanet.pdf?docID=2441A. Comprehension Check:1. What are the four main things the author states that contribute to global warming?2. What solution to the problem does the author suggest?B.Vocabulary Building: Choose the definition that fits the context in which the word isused. Match column 1 with column 2        Column 1 Column 2___1. The earth simply can’t cope with a a) emit , burpworldwide jump in meat and dairyconsumption(¶2)___2. Livestock’s contribution to environmental b) surprise, shockingproblems is on a massive scale.(¶3)___3. Cattle belch out huge volumes of c) for the good of methane, a gas that’s 23 times more potent(¶5)___4. Livestock manure is the source of two- d) animals kept on farms. thirds of man-made nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas (¶5) 13
    • ___5. ..an astounding 70 percent of one e) waste matter from animals time forest land is being used as pasture and to grow animal feed. (¶6)___6. Growing corn, soybeans, and hay for f) consumeslivestock uses up about half of all U.S.fertilizer(¶6)___7. for the sake of our globeand our own Health…(¶9)___7. for the sake of our globe g) deal withand our own Health…(¶9)C. Use the vocabulary below to fill in the blank (Vocabulary in context)cope with (¶2) livestock (¶3) belch out (¶5)manure (¶5) astounding (¶6) for the sake of (¶9)1. Cows and other ruminants ____________________vast quantities of methane,which accelerates global warming2. _______________ is a big problem for global warming because their waste matterpollutes our water air and soil.3. Humans need to do something about global warming __________________________our planet.4. What are ordinary people doing to help _____________________ the situation ofglobal warming?5. American Scientist has made _________________discoveries that will change ourview of the universe.6. I would like to find a source of well rotted ______________to get the soil healthy fornext years planting. 14
    • D. Problem-Solution ChartList the problems that cause Global warming in the first column. List solutions in theright column.Possible Problems Possible SolutionsExample: Higher standards of living Use fans instead of air conditioners; Use other types of transportation etc.E. Discussion: In a small group discuss the benefits of a vegetarian diet.F. Response Writing: Choose one of these topics:► According to the poem “Human Insanity” on pages 3 and 4, what is the effect thatpollution has on humans?►According to the “Science Daily” article on Global warming on page 6, what are theeffects that population growth has on the earth’s resources?► According to “Diet for a Cooler Planet” on pages 9 and 10, what are the negativeeffects that a high standard of living has on our environment? 15
    • G. THREE-WAY VENN DIAGRAM Compare and contrast “Human Insanity”,Warming Climate Is Changing Life on Global Scale, Says New Study and “Diet for aCooler Planet”. in the Venn Diagram, mention the differences and the similarities of thethree readings of the unit.Comparing A “Human Insanity”____________________________________ B “Warming Climate Is Changing Life on Global Scale, Says New Study” C “Diet for a Cooler Planet. In the out side of the circle”___________ A. Differences B. Difference C. Differences 16