Judy Flores Materials                        http://www.occultopedia.com/images_/atlantis_end_2.jpgBEFORE READINGDiscuss t...
Judy Flores Materials(1)Thelegend of Atlantis has to be one of the oldest and most spellbinding of all theworlds mysteries...
Judy Flores Materials(7) Hestated that the Atlanteans appeared to be superlatively fair and blessed, yet theywere filled w...
Judy Flores MaterialsC. Vocabulary Check: Look back at the text where the word is written Match the wordsto the definition...
Judy Flores Materials3. Atlantis has been ________for _________civilizations such as Hellenic Greece, theMayas & Incas of ...
Judy Flores Materials  ACROSS                                          DOWN  2. Something that is emotionally difficult   ...
Judy Flores Materialshttp://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTb_z.9BxNLA0AtQWjzbkF/SIG=12fbto5v7/EXP=1293829758/**http%3a//picasaweb....
Judy Flores Materials(4)Monoliths, similar to the monoliths in Easter Island, supposedly are a "signature" ofthe Atlantean...
Judy Flores Materialsthat could have come from anywhere. Could it have come from the stars? And is it justplain mythology,...
Judy Flores Materials2. Some people think Atlantis is in the Atlantic Ocean because.____a. because scientist have found ma...
Judy Flores Materials                            Match column one with column two                  Column I               ...
Judy Flores MaterialsD. MATCHING Match the words to the definition (the paragraph number is in theparenthesis). Write the ...
Judy Flores Materials___11. Atlantis was blown into space.___12. Platos revelation was told to him by a man named Solon.__...
Judy Flores MaterialsBEFORE READINGLearn about the myth of the god of the sea PoseidonIn Greek mythology, Poseidon is the ...
Judy Flores Materials(5)If you dare to assume that Atlantis exists then the only place that it could be found (myopinion, ...
Judy Flores MaterialsB Select the best answer1. According to the Greek mythology Poseidon lived____a. near the ocean surfa...
Judy Flores Materials____4. The land was then divided into ten sections              d. the advanced Bronze Age cultureto ...
Judy Flores MaterialsE. Look back at the reading find and give a quick summary of what each theme is about.               ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Legend of Atlantis

4,029 views
3,910 views

Published on

This unit was discussed in class. This is one of the stories included on the last exam. the authors email is TisavadeT@aol.com.

4 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,029
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
118
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
68
Comments
4
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Legend of Atlantis

  1. 1. Judy Flores Materials http://www.occultopedia.com/images_/atlantis_end_2.jpgBEFORE READINGDiscuss these questions:Look at the picture. Describe in your own words what you see.What do you know about Atlantis?What is a myth? © Copyright by Judy Flores 1
  2. 2. Judy Flores Materials(1)Thelegend of Atlantis has to be one of the oldest and most spellbinding of all theworlds mysteries. It has puzzled both skeptics and believers alike. Where exactly wasAtlantis and where is it now? What caused its destruction? Exactly how advanced werethe Atlanteans? I hope someday everyone will know the answers to those questions.(2)Plato,a Greek philosopher, gave us the first known account of Atlantis. Plato wassaid to have lived from about 428 to 348 B.C. He was a student of Socrates. Afterstudying with Socrates, Plato opened up his own philosophy school. There he began towrite his philosophies in a play-type form. These dialogues always featured Socrates asthe main character. In the dialogues Timaeus and Critias, he wrote about an amazingplace called Atlantis. In Critias, Plato wrote of Atlantis architecture, engineering, andceremonies in great detail. Many people, even Platos own students, thought this placewas Platos own creation, but he argued that Atlantis was real, and filled with moresplendors than anyone could imagine.(3)Allraces share the story of a great flood that destroyed an entire civilization. Thename Atlantis appears in various forms throughout the world. The Canary Islands have alegend involving Atalaya. The Basques of Northern Spain have Atlaintica. The Vikingstold the tale of Atli. Northern Africa called it Attala. The Aztecs have Aztlán, and theNorth American Indians called theirs Azatlán(4) Platosaid Atlantis was a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, somewhere west of thePillars of Hercules (the Rock of Gibraltar). This description has lead to many peoplebelieving that Atlantis could have been the Aegean Island of Thera (Santorini) whichsuddenly blew up. Atlantis was also identified as part of an ancient series of land bridgesthat stretched across the Atlantic and even out into the Pacific as far as New Zealand.Others say that the Canary Islands are the tops of Atlantis tallest mountains. Some saythat the Bermuda Triangle is the result of Atlantis sinking. The discovery of blue eyesand blondness among some of Africas Berbers soon led some people to place Atlantisin the Atlas Mountians of modern Morocco and Tunisia. Still others claim that Atlantiswas not even on this planet.(5)According to the continental drift theory, all the continents fit together, like a jigsawpuzzle. If you look at a map, you will see that the continents really do fit together- withthe exception of the USA in North America and Western Europe. Could Atlantis be themissing piece?(6) According to Plato, one of the best splendors of Atlantis was the palace compoundlocated in the heart of its capital. It was ringed by three canals. Plato remarked, "As eachking received it [the palace] from his predecessor, he added to its adornment and did allhe could to surpass the king before him, until finally they made of it an abode amazing tobehold for the magnitude and beauty of its workmanship. The visitors passed through awall of brass, a wall of tin, and a wall of copper. White and black and red stone quarriedfrom the native rock." He also wrote that the wealth they possessed was so immense thatthe like had never been seen before in any royal house, nor will ever easily be seenagain. This, of course, lead to Atlantis destruction. © Copyright by Judy Flores 2
  3. 3. Judy Flores Materials(7) Hestated that the Atlanteans appeared to be superlatively fair and blessed, yet theywere filled with lawless ambition and power. The Atlanteans started valuing materialwealth above goodness-thats where they went wrong. Plato said, "The portion ofdivinity within them was now becoming faint and weak through being oftentimesblended with a large measure of mortality." The Atlanteans were unable to bear theburden of their possessions. So, "There occurred portentous earthquakes and floods,and one grievous day and night befell them, when...the island of Atlantis...wasswallowed up by the sea and vanished." Plato doubted that any sign of the lost landwould ever be found. "The ocean at that spot, has now become impassable andunsearchable." This contributes to the Bermuda Triangle theory above.(8) Eventhough it seems that no one could survive such a tragedy, it is believed that manyAtlanteans escaped. One example of this is Edgar Cayce. In April of 1939, he fell into atrance and spoke about Atlantis. "In Atlantis, when there was the breaking up of the landcame to what was called the Mayan Land or what is now Yucatan-entity was the first tocross the water in the plane or air machine of that period." In support of the escape,Atlantis has been hailed for spawning civilizations such as Hellenic Greece, the Mayas& Incas of the New World, and ancient Egypt.(9)Atlantis has had an impact on every culture. In 1675, Olof Rudbeck, a Swedishscholar, used Homeric sailing directions to Ogygia and located Atlantis in Sweden.English poet William Blake, believed that the Atlantean King, Albion lead the last of hissubjects to Britain, where they became Druids. Charles-Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg,a French scholar, translated a Mayan manuscript in 1864, that described the story of anancient land that had sunk into the ocean after a great catastrophe. In 1882, Philadelphianpolitician, and avid reader, Ignatius Loyola Donnelly published his book Atlantis: TheAntediluvian World. The worlds reception of his writings was so great,Donnelly was elected to membership in the American Association for the Advancementof Science. The most important thought that is on everyones mind is not where, what, or(10)how, but will. Will Atlantis ever resurface?? - by TisavadeT@aol.comAFTER READINGA. Answer the following questions1. What are some questions that arise by skeptics and believers?2. Who was the first person who talked about the Atlantis? and where did he mention it?3. Describe Atlantis according to the dialogues in Timaeus and Critias?4. Describe the continental drift theory?5. Give 4 examples of great floods that destroyed entire civilizations.6. Where was the location of Atlantis according to the first person who talked aboutAtlantis?7. Describe the destruction of Atlantis?8. Who was Edgar Cayce?B. Finding the main IdeaLook back at the reading find one sentence in the first paragraph that gives the main idea. © Copyright by Judy Flores 3
  4. 4. Judy Flores MaterialsC. Vocabulary Check: Look back at the text where the word is written Match the wordsto the definition. Write the correct letter on the lines. Use a dictionary if necessary._____1. spellbinding (1) a. an explosion_____2. puzzled (1) b. to include_____3. skeptics (1) c. building,_____4. account (2) d. a statement of something as fact_____5. featured (2) e. decoration_____6. architecture (2) f. skills in making things_____7. avid(9) g. A member of a North African,_____8. argued (2) h. to obtain a stone by cutting, digging or blasting_____9. splendors (2) i. under a spell_____10. races (3) j. having an ardent desire_____11. blew up(4) k. A reason given for a particular action or event:_____12. stretched (4) l. the same history, language and costume_____13. Berbers (4) m. to state to be true_____14. claim (4) n. make longer_____15. predecessor (6) o. magnificent appearance_____16. adornment (6) p. doubtful_____17. workmanship (6) q a person who precedes or preceded another_____18. quarried (6) r. confusedWORDS WITH MORE THAN ONE MEANINGWhen you look for a word in a dictionary from a piece of writing or textbook, you mustlook for the meaning according to the meaning in the context. It is important to know thatin all languages some words have more than one meaning. When there are differentmeanings, each meaning will have a different number in the dictionary entry. See theentry for the adjective below daily (deli) adj.1. Of or occurring during the day. 2. Happening or done every day: the physicians daily rounds. 3. Computed or assessed for each day: a daily record. 4. Everyday: casual clothes only for daily use.D Vocabulary ReviewReread the selection. Complete the following statement about the reading selection withthe correct word from the list below. Use a dictionary if necessary. Use each word once.appeared wealth blended burden portentous grievousbefell swallowed vanished trance entity hailed spawningimpact Druids translated engineering avid1. Edgar Cayce fell into a _____________and spoke about Atlantis.2. Yucatan-_______ was the first to cross the water in the plane or air machine of thatperiod. © Copyright by Judy Flores 4
  5. 5. Judy Flores Materials3. Atlantis has been ________for _________civilizations such as Hellenic Greece, theMayas & Incas of the New World, and ancient Egypt.4. Atlantis has had an ________on every culture.5. Albion lead the last of his subjects to Britain, where they became_________.6. A French scholar ___________a Mayan manuscript in 1864.7. In 1882, Philadelphian politician, and __________reader, Ignatius Loyola Donnellypublished his book Atlantis.8. Plato stated that the Atlanteans __________to be superlatively fair and blessed.9. The Atlanteans started valuing material __________above goodness-thats where theywent wrong.10. The portion of divinity within the Atlanteans was now becoming faint and weakthrough being oftentimes ___________with a large measure of mortality."11. The Atlanteans were unable to bear the _______________of their possessions.12. There occurred ___________earthquakes and floods.13. One _____________day and night ___________them, when...the island of Atlantis...14. The island of Atlantis was _____________up by the sea and________________.15. Plato wrote of Atlantis architecture, and ________________ and ceremonies in greatdetail.E. Cross Word Puzzle:Use the following words to answer the clues below the puzzle: appeared wealthblended burden portentous grievous befell swallowedvanished trance entity hailed spawning impact Druidstranslated engineering avid 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 © Copyright by Judy Flores 5
  6. 6. Judy Flores Materials ACROSS DOWN 2. Something that is emotionally difficult 1. An abundance of valuable material to bear possessions or resources; riches 6. come into view 2. to obtain a mixture of a particular 7. To come to pass; happen character, quality, or consistency 9. Of the nature of or constituting a sign; 3. Causing grief, pain, or anguish foreboding 4. A hypnotic, cataleptic, or ecstatic state. 11. To call out or yell in order to catch 5. To consume or destroy as if by the attention ingestion; devour 13. an effect or impression 8. Something that exists as a particular 14. having an ardent desire or unbounded and discrete unit: Spanish entidad. craving; greedy 10. To plan, manage, and put through by 15. To render in another language skillful acts 16. to disappear 12. A member of an order of priests in 17. To give rise to ancient Gaul and Britain who appear in Welsh and Irish legend as prophets and sorcerers.F. True or False? Which statements are true? Which are false? Write T for True or F forFalse on the lines___1. The legend of Atlantis was the most oldies legend ever told.___2. The destruction of Atlantis was cause by an intense fire.___3. The first person who recalled the legend of Atlantis was Socrates.___4. Timaeus and Critias was a play who featured Socrates.___5. In Plato’s plays, he often described the Atlantis.___6. Plato opened up his own philosophy school.___7. Some say that the Bermuda Triangle is the result of Atlantis sinking.___8. The Atlanteans started valuing material wealth above goodness-thats where theywent wrong.___9. Plato was positive that through time the ruins of Atlantis would appear.___10. There were no survivals in the destruction of Atlantis.___11., One of the best splendors of Atlantis was the palace compound located in theheart of its capital according to Plato.___12. Plato stated that the Atlanteans appeared to be an evil place to live and peoplewere excessively ignorant. © Copyright by Judy Flores 6
  7. 7. Judy Flores Materialshttp://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTb_z.9BxNLA0AtQWjzbkF/SIG=12fbto5v7/EXP=1293829758/**http%3a//picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/bd6QI67UquC_ST13gWyr2gBEFORE READINGTake a look at the pictureWhat do you see? Describe? Atlantis, The Lost City(1)Atlantis, the Lost City everyone is talking about. Where is it, is it real? Why are thererumors if its not true? Here we will explore the myths and realities of the Lost Continentof Atlantis. Sit back, relax and take a wonderful ride!(2)The city of Atlantis, if you hear about it, one would think that it would be located inthe Atlantic Ocean, hence the name. But researchers have been looking for this continentfor years. The continent was mentioned in many religions and folklores, that it became apossibility that it truly does exist. But if it does, where is it and has it been found byscientists yet, or have they think they have found the Lost City or Continent of Atlantis?(3) Thegreat philosopher, Plato, wrote in his Critias, that he believed that a great continentwas extremely technologically advanced, and that this continent had been destroyed andlost by a rush of ocean covering the evidence to us to this day. Plato had believed thatAtlantis was located in the Atlantic Ocean somewhere. In fact, the reason why theAtlantic Ocean is called such today, is because of the Atlanteans theory. Plato believedthat Atlantis was a sunken continent approximately the size of Libya and Asia puttogether. That would be about 5 to 10 million square kilometers hidden below a largeoceanic surface! © Copyright by Judy Flores 7
  8. 8. Judy Flores Materials(4)Monoliths, similar to the monoliths in Easter Island, supposedly are a "signature" ofthe Atlanteans culture. Some believe this culture survived on to Islands and lands such asEaster Island and other various areas still leaving scientists and archeologists befuddled.Pyramids, such like those found in Egypt and other ancient sites, are also a supposed"signature" of the Atlanteans.(5)Plato believed that Atlantis had a great army, probably of around 1.2 million armedmen. He also believed that the army had a vast number of chariots. Horses weredefinitely used. This was the theory that had caused many to believe that the horse thatevolved from Asia became domesticated in Atlantis. This remains a striking detail,because scientists and archeologists cannot determine precisely when the domesticationof the horse occurred.(6) Elephants are supposedly also a very big part of the Atlanteans culture. Plato evenwrites himself:(7) "Therewere a great number of elephants in the island, for there was ample provisionof food for all sorts of animals...including for the animal which is the largest and themost voracious of all."(8) The strange part about the elephants, is that the epoch in when the continent ofAtlantis was supposedly alive and flourishing, mastodons and mammoths wereabundant, and the elephant did not come about until approximately the supposed timewhen the continent of Atlantis was believed to have "fallen" into the ocean, the same timewhen mastodons and mammoths became extinct.(9)It must be remembered, that Plato had written Critias in 360 BCE. This was where itall started, with Platos words: "Let me begin by observing first of all, that nine thousand was the sum of years which(10)had elapsed since the war which was said to have taken place between those who dweltoutside the Pillars of Hercules and all who dwelt within them; this war I am going todescribe. Of the combatants on the one side, the city of Athens was reported to havebeen the leader and to have fought out the war; the combatants on the other side werecommanded by the kings of Atlantis, which, as was saying, was an island greater inextent than Libya and Asia, and when afterwards sunk by an earthquake, became animpassable barrier of mud to voyagers sailing from hence to any part of theocean. The progress of the history will unfold the various nations of barbarians andfamilies of Hellenes which then existed, as they successively appear on the scene; but Imust describe first of all Athenians of that day, and their enemies who fought with them,and then the respective powers and governments of the two kingdoms. Let us give theprecedence to Athens."(11)Where did Platos revelation of the continent of Atlantis come from? Platos revelationwas told to him by a man named Solon, who in turn received the information aboutAtlantis from the ancient Egyptians. If its just a story, it is one heck of an intriguingone! A thrilling reality to this wonderful piece of writing, is that the end of thetranscript has been lost. What was at the end of the transcript...we will never know. Hetalked of Gods and spirits that made the islanders what they were. An ancient influence © Copyright by Judy Flores 8
  9. 9. Judy Flores Materialsthat could have come from anywhere. Could it have come from the stars? And is it justplain mythology, or is there a glimpse of truth in the evidence? What is interesting, is that what Plato described is also described in the Bible as the(12)"Great Flood". Could the continent of Atlantis be the true "Garden of Eden?"(13)Some scientists believe that the sinking of Atlantis was caused by a great "Ice Age."Pillars are abundant on the oceanic floors, but are these pillars naturally made ormanmade?(14)The "Sleeping Prophet", also known as Edgar Cayce, had believed he was anAtlantean himself. He was a prophet that believed that spirits spoke to him in his dreams.The dreams revealed revelations of great extent for his own life and many others. Hisprophetic visions attracted many people, which in turn made many seek out his help inlife through his "seeing eye." Cayce believed that he was being told his clairvoyancesfrom Atlanteans gods and spirits.(15)One prophecy that Edgar Cayce had made, did not come to pass, this was regardingthe lost continent of Atlantis. Cayce prophesized that the lost island of Atlantis wouldemerge from the ocean in 1968 or 1969. Cayce also suggested that the island was locatednear the Bermuda island of Bimini. The lost continent to this day, has many possibilities of where it could "be," however,(16)no scientific evidence that is strong enough to prove Atlantis had existed has been yetfound. But that doesnt mean that it doesnt exist! by Shawna Ranae Bandow (bandowshawna@qwest.net)(17)(Weird Research) http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/Cheetah/index.htmlAFTER READINGA. Answer the following questions1. What is the importance of Atlantis for Mankind? Find a sentence in paragraph 2 thatdemonstrate how important Atlantis is to mankind.2. What are two apparently “signature" of the Atlanteans culture.3. Was Atlantis an island or a continent? Look up in your dictionary what is an island andwhat is a continent. Find evident in the text that proves your answer.4. Where did Platos revelation of the continent of Atlantis come from?5. In Plato’s writings, he described Atlantis, where else is a similar description of whatPlato wrote in his writings?6. With whom did the Atlanteans fight with?B. Select the best answer1. What fate befell the Lost City of Atlantis mentioned in Platos writings?____a. It washed away in a giant sea wave about 79 B.C.____b. It was obliterated by dust storms from North Africa in the fifth century A.D.____c. It was buried by thick ash deposits from Mt. Vesuvius in 79 B.C.____d. It disappeared as part of fire following a major, explosive, volcanic eruption. © Copyright by Judy Flores 9
  10. 10. Judy Flores Materials2. Some people think Atlantis is in the Atlantic Ocean because.____a. because scientist have found many artifacts related to the Atlantis____b. because of the name Atlantis suggest it is in the Atlantic Ocean.____c. because Plato said it was in the Atlantic Ocean.____d. because they found a living creature from Atlantis in the Atlantic Ocean.3. Plato theory had caused many to believe that the horses of Asia were:____a. domesticated in Atlantis____b. domesticated in Athena.____c. were turned into savage horse in Atlantis.____d. were killed in Atlantis.4. ______are supposedly also a very big part of the Atlanteans culture.____a. Cats____b. Dogs____c. Elephants____d. Tigers5. Platos revelation of the continent of Atlantis came from a man name:____a. Solon____b. David____c. Samuel____d. Simon6. Some scientists believe that the sinking of Atlantis was caused by____a. a great fire____b. a great Ice Age____c. the Armageddon____d. a and c are correct7. The "Sleeping Prophet", also known as Edgar Cayce, had believed he was:____a. an Egyptian____b. from the Atlantic Ocean____c. an Atlantean____d. Asian8. One of the prophecies that Edgar Cayce said would happen was:____a. the lost island of Atlantis would emerge from the ocean in 1968 or 1969.____b. the lost island of Atlantis would emerge from the ocean in 1970 or 1979.____c. the lost island of Atlantis would emerge from the ocean in 1988 or 1996.____d. the lost island of Atlantis would emerge from the ocean in 2001 or 2010.C. Vocabulary BuildingRead the word that is in bold or expression in its context and match it with the correctmeaning. The paragraph number is in the parenthesis. Use a dictionary if necessary © Copyright by Judy Flores 10
  11. 11. Judy Flores Materials Match column one with column two Column I Column II____1. Here we will explore the myths and a. To descend to the bottom; submerge.realities of the Lost Continent of Atlantis. (1)____2. Why are there rumors if its not true? (1) b. allegedly____3. The Atlantis would be located in the c. hugeAtlantic Ocean, hence the name.(2)____4. The continent was mentioned in d. puzzled, confused Many religions and folklores.(2)____5. This continent had been destroyed and e. Gives an idea, a reason, that’s whylost by a rush of ocean (3)____6. Atlantis was a sunken continent f. myths, tales, and practices of people,approximately the size of Libya and Asia.(3)____7. Atlantis hidden below a large oceanic g. An ancient horse-drawn two-wheeled vehiclesurface! (3) used in war, races, and processions.____8. Easter Island, supposedly are a h. gossip"signature" of the Atlanteans culture(4).____9. Other various areas still leaving scientists i. noticeable, impressive or unusual wayand archeologists befuddled (4).____10. He also believed that the army had a j. to flow or surge rapidly, hurryvast number of criminals (5)____11. A number of chariots were used in k. developAtlantis.(5)____12. Many believed that the horses that l. exteriorevolved from Atlantis were domesticated there.____13. This remains a striking detail, because m. discover. scientists and archeologists cannot determine precisely when the domestication of the horse occurred..(5)____14. There were a great number of elephants n. big, ravenous.in the island, for there was ample provision offood(7)____15. Including for the animal which is the o. something provided.largest and the most voracious of all.(7)____16. What was at the end of the p. record, text, or a copy of the scripttranscript...we will never know © Copyright by Judy Flores 11
  12. 12. Judy Flores MaterialsD. MATCHING Match the words to the definition (the paragraph number is in theparenthesis). Write the correct letter on the lines. Use a dictionary if necessary._____1 epoch(8) a. A boundary or limit._____2.flourishing(8) b. make known, exposed_____3.mastodons(8) c. to come into sight, appear out of._____4. sum(10) d. made by human beings_____5. elapsed(10) e. blossom_____6. dwelt(10) f. interesting, fascinating_____7. combatants(10) g. An amount obtained as a result_____8. extent(10) h. a person lives in a place as a resident_____9. impassable(10) i. Impossible to pass, cross, or overcome:_____10. barrier(10) j. to slip by; pass_____11. voyagers(10) k. a quick look_____12. precedence (10) l. The supposed power to see objects or events that cannot be perceived by the senses._____13. heck(11) m. the degree to which a thing extends_____14. intriguing (11) n. a word that substitute hell_____15. thrilling(11) o. a person playing a direct part in fighting_____16. glimpse(11) p. preference, priority_____17. manmade(13) q. an extinct genus of mammals closely allied to the elephant,_____18. revealed(14) r. A long journey to a foreign or distant place, especially by sea._____19. clairvoyance(14) s. era, period_____20. emerge (15) t. to arouse the interest or curiosity of"E. True or False? Which statements are true? Which are false? Write T for True or F forFalse on the lines___1. The great philosopher, Plato, wrote in his Critias, that he believed that a greatcontinent was extremely technologically advanced___2. Atlantis was never heard of until nowadays___3. Some scientist believe that Atlantis was first burned and then it sunk in the middleof the ocean___4. Atlantic Ocean is called such today because of the Atlanteans theory___5. Plato also invented another myth about an island called Yucatan___6. Cayce prophesized that the lost island of Atlantis would come into view from theocean in 1968 or 1969.___7. Plato believed that Atlantis had a great army, probably of around 1.2 million armedmen.___8. The Atlantis fell into a so called black hole in the sea.___9. Scientists are sure that Atlantis still exists but it is not in the map.___10. Some scientists believe that the sinking of Atlantis was caused by a great "IceAge." © Copyright by Judy Flores 12
  13. 13. Judy Flores Materials___11. Atlantis was blown into space.___12. Platos revelation was told to him by a man named Solon.___13. The Atlanteans were people that were too advanced in technology and science___14. Cayce believed that he was being told his pass from Atlanteans gods and spirits.___15.In Atlantis there were a great number of elephants.The tense of verb shows the time of the action. The past tense shows action thathappened in the past. The present tense shows action that is happening now. The futuretense shows action that will happen in the future.F. Verb Tenses The verbs in the following sentence are underlined. Read each sentence. Then write the tense of the verb (past, present, or future) on the line. The first one has been done for you.1. Victor ignores his friend’s jokes. ________present____2. Atlantis, the Lost City is famous for its mysteries __________________3. The continent of Atlantis was mentioned in many religions __________________and folklores.4. Plato believed that Atlantis was located in the Atlantic __________________Ocean somewhere.5. Monoliths, similar to the monoliths in Easter Island, ___________________supposedly are a "signature" of the Atlanteans culture6. Elephants are a very big part of the Atlanteans culture. ___________________7. The story of Atlantis will continue to be the tale most toldthroughout the generations ___________________8. Nothing will change the fact that Atlantis will continue to ___________________be the most famous story ever told.9. Martha knows the story of Atlantis since she was 10 years ___________________old.10. Edgar Cayce was a prophet who believed that spirits ___________________spoke to him in his dreams. Look for clues in each sentence that tell when the action takes place (past, present, or future) Then fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis( ).The first one has been done for you1. Every generation ____creates_____ its own tales. (create)2. At first they__________a little shocking. (seem)3. I ______ up at eight o’clock yesterday morning. (get)4. Mary ____________to John every day. (talk)5. Ten years from now, people _____________of something even wilder. (think)6. Yesterday I ____________Frances at the library. (see)7. Jim and I _____________lunch at the cafeteria two hours ago. (eat) © Copyright by Judy Flores 13
  14. 14. Judy Flores MaterialsBEFORE READINGLearn about the myth of the god of the sea PoseidonIn Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, horses and earthquakes and the brotherof Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Zeus. Along with Zeus and Hades they havedecided the world in three parts. Poseidon became the ruler of the sea, Zeus ruled the skyand Hades the underworld. The symbols associated with Poseidon include: dolphins,tridents and three-pronged fish spears.Poseidon was relied upon by sailors for a safe voyage on the sea. Many men drownedhorses in sacrifice of his honor. He lived on the ocean floor in a palace made of coral andgems and drove a chariot pulled by horses. However, Poseidon was a very moodydivinity and his temperament could sometimes result in violence. When he was in a goodmood, Poseidon created new lands in the water and a calm sea. In contrast, when he wasin a bad mood, Poseidon would strike the ground with a trident and cause unruly springsand earthquakes, ship wrecks and drownings.http://www.greek-islands.us/greek-gods/poseidon/ The Location of Atlantis(1)The story of this lost city has been around since 355 B.C. Plato wrote about this lostland in two dialogues, Timaeus and Critias. Plato believed that this land was near theStraits of Gibraltar until its destruction 10,000 years prior. Atlantis was explained to be in the shape of a bull’s eye. Alternating rings of land(2)separated by the Atlantic. Plato used his dialogues (Timaeus and Critias) to express histhoughts.(3) In these dialogues a powerful empire was said to be located to the west of the Straitsof Gibraltar (or what was then noted as the Pillars of Hercules). This Empire wasfounded by the God of the Sea, Poseidon. Poseidon had 5 children on this island. Atlas,the first born, had the continent and the surrounding ocean named after him. The landwas then divided into ten sections to be ruled by each of his sons, and their heirs.(4)The capital of Atlantis was the best of engineering and architecture. This city wasmade up of walls and canals. In the very center was a hill, and on top of this hill was atemple to the God of the Sea. Inside of the temple was a gold statue of Poseidon drivingsix winged horses. © Copyright by Judy Flores 14
  15. 15. Judy Flores Materials(5)If you dare to assume that Atlantis exists then the only place that it could be found (myopinion, may differ from other researchers) is near the Azores Island which is just west ofthe Straight of Gibraltar. However a survey has been conducted in this area showing ablanket of sediment that would have taken millions of years to accumulate. Even thoughthere is no scientific sign of the sunken continent....its there.(6)Occasionally someone will try to convince someone interested in Atlantis that it is nearNew Zealand or Switzerland? If you find yourself in a situation where a person presentsthis idea…briskly walk in the opposite direction.(7)If youve done your research on Atlantis you should know the name K.T. Frost. Frostwas the first to present the idea that Atlantis may be to the east rather than the west ofStraits of Gibraltar. Frost also believed that the destruction of Atlantis came only 900years before the birth of Plato. So...where...is...Atlantis? If your not confused yet you should be. Ready for the 360(8)degree turn into a brick wall? Everyone knows the Island of Crete. If you dont...its amodern part of Greece that lies just a bit south of Athens. If you dont know whereAthens is...well...your a lost cause.(9) If we take a trip back in time to about 1500 B.C. you would see the Island of Crete asthe seat of the Minoan Empire. I know...I know, I lost you again. During this time periodthe Minoans were all over the eastern Mediterranean. Minoan Crete was the mostsophisticated cultures of this period. Then without warning the Minoansdisappeared...like dinosaurs after (insert your preferred theory here).(10) Ten miles north of Crete is Santorini. Many scientists, including myself, believe that adisaster occurred here capable of destroying the Minoans. Twenty-five hundred yearsprior to this Santorini was just an island with a volcano, which erupted around 1500 B.C.The eruption was four times as powerful as Krakatoa( also known as Krakatau1.)Imaginea 400 feet high tsunami, and now picture it landing in your backyard. Hey....where isyour house? Ash would have blackened the sky for 12 daysA. Answer the following questions1. What or who is Poseidon?2. Where did Plato write about the lost island of Atlantis?3. Why did Plato use his dialogues? Explain?4. How was the Capital of Atlantis made?5. Who was the first man who brought out the idea that Atlantis may be to the east ratherthan the west of Straits of Gibraltar? And how many years before the birth of Plato?1 A volcanic island of Indonesia between Sumatra and Java. A violent eruption in August 1883 blew theisland apart and caused a tsunami that killed more than 36,000 people. © Copyright by Judy Flores 15
  16. 16. Judy Flores MaterialsB Select the best answer1. According to the Greek mythology Poseidon lived____a. near the ocean surface____b. close but not near the ocean____c. on the ocean floor____d. near the sky2. Atlantis was explained to be in the shape of a____a. cat’s eyes____b. bull’s eyes____c. boy’s eyes____d. bird’s eyes3. It was said that the powerful empire of Atlantis was founded by____a. Zeus and Hades____b. Hercules____c. the God of the Sea, Poseidon____d. All the above4. The first to believe that the destruction of Atlantis came only 900 years before the birthof Plato was.____a. Jack Frost____b. Jack London____c. K.T. Frost____d. Mary Kate Frost5. During the period 1500 B.C. the Minoans were all over____a. Asia____b. Athena____c. the eastern Mediterranean____d. EuropeC. Vocabulary BuildingRead the word that is in bold or expression in its context and match it with the correctmeaning. The paragraph number is in the parenthesis. Use a dictionary if necessary Match column one with column two.Column I Column II____1. Plato believed that this land was near the a. tragedy, ruin, catastropheStraits (1) of Gibraltar until its destruction10,000 years prior.____2. In these dialogues a powerful empire (3) b. To take for granted; suppose, presume____3. Atlantis was said to be located to the west c. quicklyof the Straits of Gibraltar (or what was thennoted as the Pillars (3) of Hercules). © Copyright by Judy Flores 16
  17. 17. Judy Flores Materials____4. The land was then divided into ten sections d. the advanced Bronze Age cultureto be ruled by each of his sons, and their heirs. (3) that flourished in Crete____5. Inside of the temple of Atlantis was a gold e. To emerge violently fromStatue (4)of Poseidon driving six winged(4) restraint or limitshorses.____6. If you dare to assume(5) that Atlantis exists f. To a small extent; in a limitedthen the only place that it could be found is near way and blockthe Azores Island which is just west of the Straightof Gibraltar.____7. However a survey (5) has been conducted g. sculpture and groupin Atlantis.____8. A survey demonstrated that in the area h. The grayish-white to blackshowing a blanket of sediment (5) that would have powdery residue left whentaken millions of years to accumulate. something is burned. To make black____9. If you find yourself in a situation where a i. a study, a detailed inspection orperson presents this idea…briskly (6) walk in the investigationopposite direction.____10. Ready for the 360 degree (8) turn into a j. successors, inheritorbrick (8) wall?____11. During this time period the Minoans (9) k. material that settles to the bottomwere all over the eastern Mediterranean.____12. Many scientists, including myself, believe l. columnthat a disaster (10) occurred here capable ofdestroying the Minoans.____13.Twenty-five hundred years prior to this m. outbreakSantorina was just an island with a volcano, whicherupted(10) around 1500 B.C.____14. The eruption (10) was four times as n. kingdompowerful as Krakatoa.____15.Ash would have blackened(10) the sky for o. passage or canal12 daysD. Cognates are words that have similar pronunciations and spellings in both languages(English and Spanish), and frequently have the same meaning. There are thousands ofcognates shared by English and Spanish. Many of these are words with Latin or Greekorigins and words that have prefixes and suffixes derived from these ancient languagesExample: Destruction (English) Destrucción (Spanish)Look back at the stories and find 10 words that have similar meaning in Spanish1. ______________________ 6._______________________2._______________________ 7._______________________3._______________________ 8._______________________4________________________ 9._______________________5________________________ 10.______________________ © Copyright by Judy Flores 17
  18. 18. Judy Flores MaterialsE. Look back at the reading find and give a quick summary of what each theme is about. Titles Quick SummaryThe Legend of AtlantisAtlantis, The Lost CityThe Location of Atlantis © Copyright by Judy Flores 18

×