Assignment 3 cam samc VERSION/DRAFT 2


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Assignment 3 cam samc VERSION/DRAFT 2

  1. 1. Assignment 3: CAM SAMC Judy Ibelgauptiene, 12 Francis
  2. 2. Camera shots - Establishing shot Wide shot Long shot Mid/Medium shot Close up shot Extreme close up shot POV (Point of view) Over the shoulder shot Two shot Overhead shot
  3. 3. Establishing shot An establishing shot is a shot which allows us to see the setting of the scene. Establishing shots are usually used at the beginning of a scene. The purpose is to show the audience where the story is being set.
  4. 4. Wide shot This shot shows us where all the action is happening. A wide shot is similar to a panoramic photo. Its purpose is to show us the whole scene and the variety of things happening within it.
  5. 5. Long shot The main focus of this shot is on the character as they are the most important thing in the photo. The purpose of a long shot is to show the whole body of a character or object.
  6. 6. Mid/Medium shot Medium shots are usually a framing of a characters torso. (Head to torso but sometimes could be torso and legs). The purpose of a Mid/Medium shot is to show some sort of action happening. E.g. talking.
  7. 7. Close up shot A close up shot is the framing of a particular part of a character’s body (for example: face, hand etc) or a specific object in the scene. The purpose is to see something more clearly.
  8. 8. Extreme close up An extreme close up is magnifying a certain part of the face or body to show extreme detail. The purpose of an extreme close up is to give a dramatic effect.
  9. 9. POV (Point Of View) The POV shot shows the view from the characters perspective. The purpose of this is to make the audience feel like they are witnessing what the character is doing/happening to them, and to feel sympathy for the character if they are going through a rough time.
  10. 10. Over the shoulder shot This is a shot taken from the perspective of someone's shoulder to show something or someone. The back of the persons head and shoulder usually take up most of the photo. The person facing the camera should usually occupy 1/3 of the frame. This shot is commonly used when two characters are talking. However depending on the purpose of the shot the character facing the camera could occupy more or less of the frame. The purpose is usually to get the audience to feel they are in the scene.
  11. 11. Two shot A two shot is a shot of two people, however they don’t always have to be human. The purpose of this is to show the relationship the two characters share.
  12. 12. Overhead shot An overhead shot is like a birds eye view. The distance from the character or object can vary. It’s a shot where the camera is placed above the character or object. The purpose of an overhead shot is to show the audience what the character is doing.
  13. 13. CAM Angles - High - Low - Canted/Oblique
  14. 14. High Angle A high angle is an angle that is taken above the character or object. High angle shots are used in both filming and photography. In filming they are usually used when someone is at a high level and the character they are talking to is down below. The purpose of this angle is to make the subject look small and vulnerable.
  15. 15. Low Angle A low angle is when the camera is placed down low to look up at the character or object. This is usually used to make the audience feel threatened. The purpose of this is to makes the subject look more powerful and dominant against the background.
  16. 16. Canted/oblique This is where the camera is purposely placed on a tilted angle so that the horizon is on an angle. The purpose is to create an interesting effect, such as disorientating the audience.
  17. 17. CAM Movement - Pan Tilt Track Zoom Reverse zoom Dolly
  18. 18. Pan A pan movement is when the camera moves from left to right or right to left on a pivot. The camera is placed on a tripod so that the movement is smooth and not shaky. The purpose of a pan movement is to reveal more information about the setting. 1 2 3
  19. 19. Tilt The tilt is the movement of the camera moving vertically. The purpose of the tilt is to reveal information about the setting, object or character. It is also commonly used to show the outfit a character is wearing. 1 2 3
  20. 20. Track 1 Tracking is the movement of the camera moving from side to side in a straight line. It is often used to film a character moving. The purpose of tracking is to follow a character from a side view. 2 3
  21. 21. Zoom The zoom movement is when the camera zooms towards an object or character to reveal detail. 1 2 The purpose of zoom is to zoom in and focus on an object or character of importance. 3
  22. 22. Reverse Zoom Reverse zoom is the opposite of zooming. It is zooming out from an object or character to show the bigger picture or setting. 1 2 The purpose of reverse zoom is to show you the bigger picture in the scene that has been created by the object/character the camera was originally focused on. 3
  23. 23. Dolly 1 This is when the camera moves in and out or backwards and forwards from a character or an object. The purpose of this camera movement is to dramatize the footage. 2 3
  24. 24. Compositions - Symmetry balance Asymmetry balance Rule of thirds Shallow focus Deep focus Focus pulls
  25. 25. Symmetry balance Symmetry balance is when the frame is equally balanced on both sides. It’s purpose is to show normality and organisation.
  26. 26. Asymmetry balance Asymmetry balance is when the frame is unbalanced on both sides. Both sides look different from each other. It’s purpose is to show disorder.
  27. 27. Rule of thirds This is where the frame is divided into 9 equal shots. This also acts as a guide when framing the image. The main focus/focus’ of the image should be placed where the lines cross. The purpose is to create more tension and interest in the photo.
  28. 28. Shallow focus This is where a certain object in the photo has all the focus upon it, and the rest of the photo is out of focus. The purpose of this is to emphasise the importance of that character or object.
  29. 29. Deep focus This is the opposite of a shallow focus. Everything in the photo is in focus. Deep focus is usually used when taking photos as you want everything in focus unless there's one object/character that you want to stand out.
  30. 30. Focus pulls Focus pulls is when the focus changes from one subject to another. The purpose of this is to focus from one object/character to another.