Assignment 3: CAM SAMC
Judy Ibelgauptiene, 12 Francis
Close up shot
Extreme close up shot
POV (Point of view)
Over the shoulder shot
An establishing shot is a shot which allows us to see the setting of the
scene. Establishing shots are usually used at the beginning of a scene.
The purpose is to show the audience where the story is being set.
This shot shows us where all the action is happening.
A wide shot is similar to a panoramic photo.
Its purpose is to show us the whole scene and the
variety of things happening within it.
The main focus of this shot is on the character as
they are the most important thing in the photo.
The purpose of a long shot is to show the whole
body of a character or object.
Medium shots are usually a framing of a characters torso.
(Head to torso but sometimes could be torso and legs).
The purpose of a Mid/Medium shot is to show some sort of action happening.
Close up shot
A close up shot is the framing of a particular part of a character’s body (for
example: face, hand etc) or a specific object in the scene.
The purpose is to see something more clearly.
Extreme close up
An extreme close up is magnifying a
certain part of the face or body to
show extreme detail.
The purpose of an extreme close up is
to give a dramatic effect.
POV (Point Of View)
The POV shot shows the view from the
The purpose of this is to make the audience
feel like they are witnessing what the
character is doing/happening to them, and
to feel sympathy for the character if they
are going through a rough time.
Over the shoulder shot
This is a shot taken from the perspective of someone's
shoulder to show something or someone. The back of
the persons head and shoulder usually take up most
of the photo. The person facing the camera should
usually occupy 1/3 of the frame. This shot is
commonly used when two characters are talking.
However depending on the purpose of the shot the
character facing the camera could occupy more or less
of the frame. The purpose is usually to get the
audience to feel they are in the scene.
A two shot is a shot of two people,
however they don’t always have to be
The purpose of this is to show the
relationship the two characters share.
An overhead shot is like a
birds eye view. The
distance from the
character or object can
It’s a shot where the
camera is placed above
the character or object.
The purpose of an
overhead shot is to show
the audience what the
character is doing.
A high angle is an angle that is taken above the character or object. High
angle shots are used in both filming and photography.
In filming they are usually used when someone is at a high level and the
character they are talking to is down below.
The purpose of this angle is to make the subject look small and vulnerable.
A low angle is when the camera is
placed down low to look up at the
character or object. This is usually used
to make the audience feel threatened.
The purpose of this is to makes the
subject look more powerful and
dominant against the background.
This is where the camera is purposely placed on a
tilted angle so that the horizon is on an angle.
The purpose is to create an interesting effect, such
as disorientating the audience.
A pan movement is when the camera moves from left to right or right to left on a
pivot. The camera is placed on a tripod so that the movement is smooth and not
The purpose of a pan movement is to reveal more information about the setting.
The tilt is the movement of the camera moving vertically.
The purpose of the tilt is to reveal information about the
setting, object or character. It is also commonly used to show
the outfit a character is wearing.
Tracking is the movement of the
camera moving from side to side
in a straight line. It is often used
to film a character moving.
The purpose of tracking is to
follow a character from a side
The zoom movement is when the camera zooms towards an object
or character to reveal detail.
The purpose of zoom is to zoom in and focus on an object or character of
Reverse zoom is the opposite of zooming. It is zooming out from an
object or character to show the bigger picture or setting.
The purpose of reverse zoom is to show you the bigger picture in the scene
that has been created by the object/character the camera was originally
This is when the camera moves in and out or
backwards and forwards from a character or an
The purpose of this camera movement is to dramatize
Rule of thirds
Symmetry balance is when the frame is equally balanced
on both sides.
It’s purpose is to show normality and organisation.
Asymmetry balance is when the frame is unbalanced on
both sides. Both sides look different from each other.
It’s purpose is to show disorder.
Rule of thirds
This is where the frame is divided into 9 equal shots. This also
acts as a guide when framing the image.
The main focus/focus’ of the image should be placed where the
The purpose is to create more tension and interest in the photo.
This is where a certain object in the photo has all the focus upon it, and the rest of the
photo is out of focus.
The purpose of this is to emphasise the importance of that character or object.
This is the opposite of a shallow focus. Everything in the photo is in focus.
Deep focus is usually used when taking photos as you want everything in
focus unless there's one object/character that you want to stand out.
Focus pulls is when the focus changes from one subject to another.
The purpose of this is to focus from one object/character to another.