Class 17


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Class 17

  1. 1. Snow Snow White :Disney V Grimms
  2. 2. Snow White: A psychological analysis Bettelheim sees this tale as the competition between mother and daughter for the father Malice of stepmother is the projection of the anger of the daughter for the mother, the biological mother dies because the child cannot express anger towards the actual mother and the stepmother represents the bad mother side. Not “I am jealous of mother but mother is jealous of me.” More about inheritance customs than sexual jealousy. Mirror and glass coffin are tools that suggest women use art to kill themselves. Reinforced by the stays a, the apple and the comb. Polarizes women, a relentlessly evil queen with a young innocent girl used to labor and focused on tidiness (a good woman)
  3. 3. Historical elements Right of inheritance: Who has the right to inherit the father’s wealth: the wife or the child of the first wife? Dwarves are societal outcasts: Note that dwarves were regarded as diseased in spirit (God’s hand) Fantasies of the lower classes about how the upper classes live. Castles, eternal youth, scheming) Death of the mother: childbirth is risky even in the upper classes.
  4. 4. Symbols In Snow White White Snow: innocence, virginity Red Blood: sexual passion Ebony black: the end of life Mirror: the mirror of the soul Ingesting internal organs: ingesting power Comb and stay laces: Snow White’s awakening sexual desires (the desire for beauty and maturity) Apple: the symbol of sexual passion and the downfall of succumbing to it.
  5. 5. Walt Disney and Disnefication He came from a very poor background. He had a cold, stern and unaffectionate father. He joined the army to get away from home and his father. He was spurned by an early sweetheart. He achieved success by tenacity, cunning, and courage. He believed that the power should rest with the people who had the vision and the creativity to create and rule. He maintained absolute power and control over people who worked for him. He hated communism and was reputed to be a Nazi sympathizer.
  6. 6. Changes from original oral tales to the Disney tradition The poor are not dumb. He gives credit to the poor who work hard and achieve success but they need to stay in their place. The films are democratic; the kings can be outsmarted and do not always maintain power. His interpretations always represent the more American values of capitalism and the rags to riches struggles. Heroes are out for what they can get for themselves; they do not help the community. Evil parents are softened or taken away The films are musical; the music emphasizes the lighthearted, more romantic quality of the films and allows the characters to reveal innermost thoughts. The stories always have happy endings; the punishments of the villains are much less severe.
  7. 7. More changes The hero takes a much more active role and receives the credit for the ultimate success in the story. The heroine is much more helpless and dependent on the prince for rescue. Forest, animals and objects have magical helper qualities; they sing and dance; heroines are never really alone. There is an emphasis on women’s domestication. Heterosexual happiness and marriage are always the ultimate goals of the story.
  8. 8. Group work After watching the movie and reading Snow White, can you list the differences between them? Take several minutes to do this and then we will list them on the board.
  9. 9. Homework  Make sure you have emails and phone numbers for group members  Work on Group presentations  Make sure to prepare for the in-class final on Dec. 9th. The list of readings/names you will need to know is on the website under worksheets.