OTL, the opportunity to learn, coined by Marzano Simply put, if students are not given the opportunity to learn, there is little chance they will
Schools must facilitate the flow of communication to and from school Communication doesn't occur automatically Use of phone calls, internet communication, home visits and parent-teacher conferences is suggested. Parents and community members should be a part of the governance of the school.
Marzano provides and extensive list of instructional strategies in the book…
Effective teacher can strike a healthy balance between rewards and consequences. School should have an approach that supports the classroom environment.
3 principles of learning: Leaning is enhanced when a teacher identifies specific types of knowledge as the focus of a lesson Learning requires student engagement in structure tasks to allow for effective transfer of knowledge. Learning requires multiple exposures and interaction with knowledge.
Negative effects from home atmosphere can be overcome. Suggests a series of courses can be offered to parents in a variety of topics to support eh family in developing and maintaining a positive home atmosphere.
Schools can engage in enhancing background knowledge directly through out-of-class experiences such as field trips and indirectly by combining programs of wide reading and vocabulary instruction.
Reciprocal is true...no motivation, no learning Those who desire success will not find challenges as obstacles Other who engage in avoidance of failure behaviors find the simplest tasks threatening. Suggests the altering of the competitive classroom, engaging students in long term projects to encourage ownership and provide students with information about motivation and training techniques to control their motivation.
If research is used, we can be in the 'best of times' in education…and it is our responsibility as professional educators to make this the era of educational reform the 'age of wisdom, not foolishness.'
What Works In Schools Translating Research into Action A Book Review Robert J. Marzano Reviewer: Judi Emerson
It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. Charles Dickens